logistics system

Research of Synchronization in Different Functional Areas of Logistics

Introduction. Synchronization in logistics can be considered in two ways: as synchronization due to external coordination influence and as synchronization based on self-organization of processes due to weak information interactions. These types of synchronization should be separated, their peculiarities and mechanisms of origin should be understood. For this purpose, the approaches to studying synchronization in logistics systems are analyzed. Theoretical analysis. An important factor that determines the mechanisms of synchronization is the functional area in which the logistic process takes place. The article describes features of synchronization for three functional areas: production, distribution and supply logistics. These tasks related to management in different functional areas where we systematized some concepts of synchronization methodology, and the type of models used. Empirical analysis. The quality information support to achieve synchronization requires additional material costs. It is possible to formulate the optimization task of ensuring synchronization in the inventory management system. The essence of this task that it is necessary to establish the optimal level of costs for providing synchronization. At the same time, it should be considered that achieving synchronization of flows through their adaptation requires additional costs associated with improving the quality of information services and adaptive management. Results. It is proved that the functional area of logistics is an important factor of synchronization. Based on the analysis of existing synchronization methods in different functional areas, criteria and goals of synchronization we established some relevant methods for each functional area and described models.

Portfolio Analysis Technologies in the Logistics System

Introduction. The modern functioning of logistics systems, which is characterized by high demands for increasing efficiency, saving resources, reducing the costs of product distribution, confirms the relevance of the competitiveness of enterprises through the use of advanced resource management technologies. Theoretical analysis. The article presents a theoretical analysis of the portfolio method of researching technologies that are used in the implementation of logistics operations and functions in an enterprise, and also describes in detail the stages and features of the construction of matrices of portfolio analysis technology. Scientists’ views on the use of portfolio analysis are summarized, and the advantagesof portfolio analysis of technologies in enterprises integrated into logistics systems are revealed. Results. According to the results of the study, problematic issues of constructing portfolio technology matrices were identified, criteria for technological attractiveness and resource endowment were formulated, which allow to develop effective strategies for improving the competitiveness of enterprises when performing logistic operations and functions.

Formation of Cross-functional Logistics Coordination Through the Use of the Principles of System Analysis

Introduction. The main task of cross-functional and interorganizational logistics coordination in the implementation of flow control is to reduce the time required to perform the full logistics cycle. The emergence of the lack of coordination in the implementation of cross-functional and inter-organizational logistics coordination leads to violation of terms of delivery and increase downtime. The reason for this lies in the lack of elaboration of theoretical and practical issues of coordination of actions of participants of logistic processes as at the enterprise level (cross-functional level) and at the level of the supply chain (inter-organizational level). The article presents the guidelines for the implementation of the design and functioning of cross-functional and inter-organizational logistics coordination, based on a differentiated approach to the analysis of the logistics system of the global economy. Empirical analysis. The process of constructing the model coordinate the flow of logistics system of the global economy is based on the delimitation of monitoring processes, goals, objectives, coordination activities on three levels: the macro-level (Macro-HP/country), meso-level (meso-HP/supply chain), the micro-level (Micro-HP/ enterprise). Discussion of results. The result developed by the authors of guidelines is to provide flow control using a model of logistic system of the global economy, reducing the time required to carry out coordination activities on cross-functional, and the inter-organizational levels.

Evaluation and Selection of Options Logistics Development Given the Uncertainty

Introduction. At the moment when, any activity carried out under conditions of risk and systematically growing uncertainty, consideration of alternatives evaluation of logistics systems becomes a priority, which determines the objective necessity of search tools and algorithms implementation process make effective management decisions aimed at the development of the system in line with the target settings. Theoretical analysis. The uncertainty of the environment is manifested in its ability to be in one of a plurality of different states, as determined by destabilizing factors influencing parameters and status logistics system. Posed problems can be solved with the help of game theory, tools which allow you to select options for rational solutions and ways of development that is aimed at the realization of the growth potential of the logistics system and the achievement of its target plants. The criteria by which selected decisions under uncertainty, depends on the degree of uncertainty of information about the environment. Results. The result of the proposed algorithm select the option to develop the logistics system is the choice of the optimal strategy under uncertainty using the criteria of Laplace, Savage, Hurwitz Wald and evaluating various aspects of the effectiveness of management decisions in the most satisfying real conditions.

System Analysis of Environmental Factors in the Operation of Logistics System

Introduction. The growing uncertainty of the business environment, increased business risks requires search methods and mechanisms of control destabilizing factors influencing the level of achievement of the purposes of the logistics system and the achievement of its resulting indicators within the established setting, which is particularly important to enhance the operation of complex systems. Theoretical analysis. During the operation of the logistics system should be achieved stability, efficiency and competitiveness of its most desirable state. The objective function of this process is to increase the strategic economic potential of the system, which in turn is the basis for sustainable optimal functioning logistics system in a constantly changing environment. Change of medium components can reduce the likelihood of achieving the established logistics system settings and requires the construction of a control system destabilizing factors and to develop a mechanism of adaptive their management. Logistics management process of neutralization of disturbances is a clear identification of signals of the environment and the development of adaptive control actions can reduce the negative impact on the resulting performance logistics system, improve the accuracy of prediction of its parameters and reduce the risks of industrial and economic activity. Results. The result of applying the proposed model adaptive control mechanism for environmental factors logistics system is to achieve the highest possible system performance predictability, instant tracking signal for possible changes and the development of true management actions to neutralize the destabilizing factors of the environment.

Logistics Oriented Aspects of Control Mechanism Achieving the Objectives of Logistics System

Introduction. Currently, any activity subject to the destabilizing effect of environmental factors, which reduces the competitiveness, efficiency of business processes and thus achieve planned results of the corresponding goal. Solving this problem requires a search for new tools, methods, process control mechanisms achievement using logistics-oriented concepts that produce a variety of reasons: the need to optimize the management of flows of resources, minimizing costs and risks, improve efficiency and adaptability of activities to environmental change. Theoretical analysis. To obtain the most effective results of operations of the logistics system due to multi- dimensional, multi-dimensionality and complexity of the process control system goals, you need to develop a mechanism for managing this process with the application of the concept of node interference in managing the flow of resources, which is to control actions on the nodes of intersection of the main resource flows drugs to achieve maximum economic benefit from the economic activity and the release of logistical capacity. Results. The result of applying the concept of nodal impacts is optimizing the time and cost of managing flows of resources, risk production and business activities, the maximum adaptation logistics system to environmental changes. Authors’ model of process control mechanism to achieve the goals of drugs based on the concept of nodal actions will achieve the maximum degree of realization of the set goals, improving the competitiveness and efficiency of the overall system by optimizing the process of finding the resources to achieve the goals of the system.