Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Economics. Management. Law

ISSN 1994-2540 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1956 (Online)

For citation:

Tugusheva R. R., Ogurtsova E. V., Firsova A. A. Development of Russian precious metals sales planning under the conditions of macroeconomic and geopolitical instability. Journal Izvestiya of Saratov University. Economics. Management. Law, 2023, vol. 23, iss. 2, pp. 180-185. DOI: 10.18500/1994-2540-2023-23-2-180-185, EDN: NLTGU

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text PDF(Ru):
Article type: 

Development of Russian precious metals sales planning under the conditions of macroeconomic and geopolitical instability

Tugusheva Ryasimya Rigayatievna, Saratov State University
Ogurtsova Elena Viacheslavovna, Saratov State University
Firsova Anna Alexandrovna, Saratov State University

Introduction. The development of science and technology in recent decades, the active introduction of innovations and ongoing technological changes have significantly influenced economic processes and led to the emergence of a post-industrial economic system with a predominance of the Quaternary knowledge-intensive sector of the economy. Theoretical analysis. The development of intellectual activity and the expansion of the intellectual production sphere change the quality of the economic system itself. In modern economy, the development of markets for intellectual goods and services leads to qualitative changes in traditional sectors of the economy, which makes it important to study their development dynamics. Еmpirical analysis. Based on empirical data from 85 Russian regions for 2014–2021, an integral indicator of the development level of regional markets for intellectual goods and services was calculated using nine indicators that characterize the most large-scale knowledge-intensive sectors of knowledge generation in regional economies: educational services, innovations and information technologies. Results. The dynamics of the development of regional markets for intellectual goods and services as a whole is determined, and the unevenness of their development and a high degree of differentiation are revealed. The “disconnection” of regions with a high level of development of knowledge-intensive sectors from each other hinders the formation of an even innovation space and the spread of a high-tech way of life, the effective transfer of knowledge, technology, information and economic growth in general. Conclusion. The results of the study can be used to analyze changes in the educational services market, when conducting research on the innovative and informational development of regions, predicting qualitative and quantitative trends in the development of markets for intellectual goods and services.

  1. Castells M. The Information Age: Economy, Society and Culture. Vol. III. End of Millennium. 2nd ed. Cambridge, Massachusetts, Oxford, UK, Blackwell, 1998. 448 p.
  2. Firsova A. A., Chernyshova G. Yu., Tugusheva R. R. Approaches to Efficiency Assessing of Regional Knowledge-Intensive Services Sector Development Using Data Envelopment Analysis. Mathematics, 2022, vol. 10, iss. 2, Art. 173. https://doi.org/10.3390/math10020173
  3. Tugusheva R. R. Demonstration of Fictitious in Intelligent Goods at the Economy Knowledge. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Economics. Management. Law, 2016, vol. 16, iss. 4, pp. 390–394 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/1994-2540-2016-16-4-390-394
  4. Tugusheva R. R., Ogurtsova E. V., Firsova A. A. Аnalysis of conditions for development of distance educational technologies in Russian regions. In: Taran V. N. (ed.) Distantsionnye obrazovatel’nye tekhnologii [Distance Learning Technologies: Proceedings of the VI International Scientific and Practical Conference]. Simferopol, IT “Arial”, 2021, pp. 86–89 (in Russian).
  5. Kuznetsova S. A. (ed.) Sovremennyi tolkovyi slovar’ russkogo yazyka [Modern Dictionary of Russian language]. St. Petersburg, Norint, 2001. 960 p. (in Russian).
  6. Khodzhson Dzh. The socioeconomic consequences of the progress of knowledge and the increasing complexity. Voprosy ekonomiki, 2001, no. 8, pp. 32‒45 (in Russian).
  7. Crawford R. In the Era of Human Capital: The Emergence of Talent, Intelligence and Knowledge as the Worldwide Economic Force and Means to Managers and Investors. New York, Harper Business, 1991. 154 p.
  8. Drucker P. The Effective Executive. London, Routledge, 2016. 184 p. https://doi.org/10.4324/9780080549354
  9. Firsova A. A., Makarova E. L. Factors Affecting the Innovative Development of the Region. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Economics. Management. Law, 2017, vol. 17, iss. 2, pp. 141–147 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/1994-2540-2017-17-2-141-147
  10. Krasilnikov O. Yu. Knowledge and Information in «New Economy» Conception. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Economics. Management. Law, 2012, vol. 12, iss. 2, pp. 12–16 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/1994-2540-2012-12-2-12-16
  11. Machlup F. The Production and Distribution of Knowledge in the United States. New Jersey, Princeton University Press, 1962. 416 р.
  12. Karpov A. O. Basic theoretical concepts of the knowledge society. Herald of the Russian Academy of Sciences, 2015, vol. 85, no. 9, pp. 812–820 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.7868/S0869587315090054
  13. Kolesov V. H. (ed.) Ekonomika znaniy [Knowledge Economy]. Moscow, INFRA-M, 2008. 432 p. (in Russian).
  14. Gorts A. Nematerial’noe znanie, stoimost’ i kapital [Non-material knowledge, cost and capital]. Moscow, HSE Publishing House, 2010. 209 p. (in Russian).
  15. Fenin C. V., Musaeva D. N. Various measurements of the heterogeneity of the economic space of the Russian Federation. Humanitarian Scientific Journal, 2019, no. 1, pp. 120–127 (in Russian).
  16. Federal State Statistics Service (Rosstat). Site. Available at: http://rosstat.gov.ru/folder/14477 (accessed January 18, 2023) (in Russian).
  17. Firsova A. A., Tugusheva R. R., Ogurtsova E. V. Analysis of the Knowledge-Intensive Sectors Development in Russian Regions. In: Proceedings of VI International Scientific and Practical Conference Distance Learning Technologies (DLT–2021), September 20–22, 2021. Yalta, Crimea (CEUR Workshop Proceedings), 2021, pp. 153–160.
  18. Preobrazhenskiy Yu. V. Macroregions as Supra-Regional Innovation Systems: The Problem of Knowledge Spillover. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Earth Sciences, 2020, vol. 20, iss. 1, pp. 17–22 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18500/1819-7663-2020-20-1-17-22
Available online: