public control

The Category of “Public Control” in the Constitutional Legislation of Foreign States

Introduction. This article analyzes the constitutional legislation of foreign countries for the existence of a normative consolidation of the category of “public control” in it. The article studies the legal and technical approaches to determining the content of this concept, applied in foreign countries, as well as general and specific features of the institutionalization of public control in national legal systems. The main goal of the work is to study the peculiarities of the legal understanding and the rightful implementation of public control in foreign countries.

Results. The author analyzes the norms of the constitutions of foreign states, which strengthen the foundations of democracy. The article shows the dependence of the use of the category of “public control” in the constitutional legislation of countries depending on the national peculiarities of the organization and functioning of political and legal systems. Particular attention is paid to the influence of the Russian legal system on the development of legislation in the sphere of public control in the CIS countries.

Сonclusion. The author comes to the conclusion that foreign countries rarely use the concept of public control, replacing it in most cases with the concept of civic participation, which presumes essentially identical forms and ways of interaction between the state and civil society.

Information Support of Public Control in the Russian Federation: System and Legal Analysis

Introduction. This article deals with issues related to the study of the role and importance of information in the system of public control. The studies the features of the regulatory and legal consolidation of information support for public control activities, including focusing on the main areas of information exchange between subjects and objects of the type of control under consideration. Purpose. The main purpose of the work is to study the role and place of information in the process of organization and implementation of public control. Results. Analyzed the Russian regulatory and legal framework governing issues related to information support for public control activities. Shows the practical implementation of the principles of openness and publicity in the process of functioning as subjects of public control, and its objects. Particular attention is paid to researching the legal provision of access to information on the activities of public authorities, identifying its main areas, such as the organization of official websites, state information resources, the provision of official information on the requests of citizens and organizations, access to meetings of public authorities, etc. Сonclusion. The present time the necessary regulatory and legal framework has been created in the Russian Federation that provides information openness to public authorities, which is considered to be the most important and one of the main conditions for the implementation of public control. However, in a number of cases there are violations of the requirements of the current legislation, which is most often manifested in the sphere of organization of work of official websites of public authorities, and therefore additional monitoring of the compliance of the organizational and regulatory components of access to information is required.