Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Economics. Management. Law

ISSN 1994-2540 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1956 (Online)

For citation:

Korabelnikova Y. L. The influence of urbanization on the development of modern state and law. Journal Izvestiya of Saratov University. Economics. Management. Law, 2024, vol. 24, iss. 1, pp. 72-79. DOI: 10.18500/1994-2540-2024-24-1-72-79, EDN: PJNHSU

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).
Full text PDF(Ru):
Article type: 

The influence of urbanization on the development of modern state and law

Korabelnikova Yulia Leonidovna, Management Academy of the Ministry of the Interior of Russia

Introduction. Currently, most of the world’s population lives in cities, megacities, and urban agglomerations, since they are the core of progress and create the conditions for comprehensive human development. Theoretical analysis. A study of the history of the development of cities, urbanized and suburbanized structures shows that this particular form of human settlement is the most attractive in modern developed countries. The analysis of the research of scientists on the problems of urban development led to the conclusion that the process of urbanization had gone through several stages. Initially, it was characterized by a significant increase in urban population due to the development of industry and gradual formation of an urban lifestyle. At the second stage, more complex urban structures were created (urban agglomerations, megacities). At the present stage of development of states where cities play a leading role, urbanization has acquired a global character, and formation of an urban civilization has become its result. Empirical analysis. The study of the urban development by representatives of various branches of science showed that urbanization has significant results. It leads, firstly, to an increased role of cities in government; secondly, to the formation of urban culture, mentality and values; thirdly, to the creation of opportunities to increasingly meet the needs of urban residents; fourthly, to the emergence of characteristic urban activities and others. Results. In connection with the introduction of various innovations and constant development of the urban environment, existing social relations are being improved in these territories and new ones are being formed, and they are more formalized in nature. In connection with the globalization of the urbanization process, today we can talk about the existence of an urban civilization, where complex special legal regulation of social relations is the most effective. In this connection, it can be argued that cities and urbanized structures require the development of legal norms that are valid and subject to application specifically in these territories.

  1. 1. Pivovarov Yu. L. Rossiya i mirovaya urbanizatsiya: antropokul’turnaya i prostranstvennaya dinamika [Russia and world urbanization: Anthropocultural and spatial dynamics]. Nalchik, Poligrafservis i T, 2007. 336 p. (in Russian).
  2. Set of rules SP 42.13330 “SNIP 2.08.01-89 Urban planning. Planning and development of urban and rural settlements”, approved by order of the Ministry of Construction and Housing and Communal Services of the Russian Federation No. 1034/pr of December 30, 2016. Minstroy Rossii (Ministry of Construction of Russia. Site) Available at: https://minstroyrf.gov.ru/docs/14465/ (accessed Оctober 16, 2023) (in Russian).
  3. Population of the Russian Federation as of January 1, 2023. Federal’naya sluzhba gosudarstvennoy statistiki (Federal State Statistics Service. Site). Available at: https://rosstat.gov.ru/folder/11110/document/13282]?print=1 (accessed September 19, 2023) (in Russian).
  4. Bol’shaya sovetskaya entsiklopediya (Great Soviet Encyclopedia). 3rd ed. Vol. 27. Pt. 1. Available at: http://bse.uaio.ru/BSE/bse30.htm#x000 (accessed April 4, 2020) (in Russian).
  5. Marx K., Engels F. Sochineniya [Works]. In 30 vols. 2nd ed. Vol. 2. Moscow, Gospolitizdat, 1955. 652 p. (in Russian).
  6. Durkheim E. De la division du travail social. 8e éd. Paris, Les Presses universitaires de France, 1967. 416 p. (Russ. ed.: Moscow, Kanon, 1996. 430 p.).
  7. Kasatkina S. S. Urbosphere: System-semiotic analysis. Thesis Diss. Dr. Sci (Philos.). Arkhangelsk, 2019. 38 p. (in Russian).
  8. Weber M. Gorod [Stadt]. 2nd ed. Moscow, Strelka Press, 2018. 252 p. (in Russian).
  9. Simmel G. Bol’shie goroda i dukhovnaia zhizn’ [Big cityes and spiritual life]. Moscow, Strelka Press, 2018. 112 p. (in Russian).
  10. 2012.01.018. Park R. E. The city: Suggestions for the investigation of human behavior in the city environment // American J. of Sociology. Chicago, 1915. Vol. 20, no. 5, pp. 577–612. Sotsial’nyye i gumanitarnyye nauki. Otechestvennaya i zarubezhnaya literatura. Seriya 11. Sotsiologiya: Referativnyy zhurnal [Social and Human Sciences. Domestic and Foreign Literature. Series 11. Sociology: Abstract Journal], 2012, no. 1, pp. 129–170 (in Russian).
  11. Nikolaev V. G. Park Robert Ezra. Bol’shaya rossiyskaya entsiklopediya (Great Russian Encyclopedia). Available at: https://bigenc.ru/c/park-robert-ezrabed0df/?v=4005063 (accessed October 17, 2023).
  12. 2000.04.027. Mckenzie R. D. The ecological approach to the study of Human Community // Park R. E., Burgess E. W., Mckenzie R. D. The City. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1925. P. 6379 (printed with a slight abbreviation). Sotsial’nyye i gumanitarnyye nauki. Otechestvennaya i zarubezhnaya literatura. Seriya 11. Sotsiologiya: Referativnyy zhurnal [Social and Human Sciences. Domestic and Foreign Literature. Series 11. Sociology: Abstract Journal], 2020, no. 4, pp. 138–153 (in Russian).
  13. 97.03.024. Wirt L. Urbanism as a way of life // American J. of Sociology. Chicago, 1938. Vol. 44, n 1, p. 1–24. Sotsial’nyye i gumanitarnye nauki. Otechestvennaya i zarubezhnaya literatura. Seriya 11. Sotsiologiya: Referativnyy zhurnal [Social and Human Sciences. Domestic and Foreign Literature. Series 11. Sociology: Abstract Journal], 1997, no. 3, pp. 169–196 (in Russian).
  14. Vershinina I. A. Henri Lefebvre: From the “right to the city” to the “urban revolution”. Moscow State University Bulletin. Series 18. Sociology and Political Science, 2018, vol. 24, no. 2, pp. 48–60 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.24290/1029-3736-2018-24-2-48-60
  15. Lefebvre H. The Right to the City (excerpt). Ekonomicheskaya sotsiologiya [Journal of Economic Sociology], 2023, vol. 24, no 1, pp. 55–70 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.17323/1726-3247-2023-1-55-70
  16. Kristol I. Urban civilization and its troubles. EON. Al’manakh staroy i novoy kul’tury: sbornik statey. Vyp. 10. Irving Kristol. K itogam XX veka [EON. Almanac of Old and New Culture. Collection of papers. Vol. 10. Irving Kristol. To the results of the 20th century. Theory and history of culture]. Moscow, Institute of Scientific Information on Social Sciences of the RAS Publ., 2014, pp. 13–30 (in Russian). EDN: UMTHPB
  17. Harvey D. Pravo na gorod [Right to the City]. Translation from English and comment. M. A. Kotlyarova. Ekaterinburg, 2019. 36 p. (in Russian).
  18. Mitchell D. The right of the city: Social justice and the fight for public space. New York, Guilford Press, 2003. 270 p.
  19. Vershinina I. A. Western concepts of the city and urbanization in the sociology of the second half of the 20th – early 21st centuries. Thesis Diss. Dr. Sci. (Sociol.). Moscow, 2022. 50 p. (in Russian).
  20. Pivovarov Yu. L. Sovremennaia urbanizatsiia: osnovnye tendentsii rasseleniia [Modern urbanization: Main trends in settlement]. Moscow, Statistica, 1976. 191 p. (in Russian).
  21. Demidenko E. S. Urbanization: Concept and policy of urban development. Thesis Diss. Dr. Sci. (Philos.). Мoscow, 1992. 46 с. (in Russian).
  22. Tabolina V. V. (ed.) Legal urbanology. Urbanological theory. In 2 vols. Moscow, Justitsinform, 2021. 824 p. (in Russian).
  23. Medvedev I. R. Razreshenie gorodskikh konfliktov [Resolving urban conflicts]. Moscow, Infotropik Media, 2017. 372 p. (in Russian).
Available online: