Cite this article as:

Latyshov I. V. Problems of Criminalistic Evaluation of the Place of Accidents as Object of Diagnostic Forensically-Ballistic Expert Research. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Economics. Management. Law, 2018, vol. 18, iss. 2, pp. 183-?. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1994-2540-2018-18-2-183-188


Heading: 

Problems of Criminalistic Evaluation of the Place of Accidents as Object of Diagnostic Forensically-Ballistic Expert Research

Introduction. When investigating crimes committed with the use of small arms and gas barreled weapons, it is often necessary to carry out expert studies of not only individual objects (weapons, cartridges, traces of their operation), but also the material situation of the scene as a whole. Theoretical analysis. The problem of forensic assessment of the scene of an accident as an object of scientific and practical cognition is examined through analysis of the existing in forensic knowledge of the essence of expert research at the scene and expert studies of the scene of the incident. It is established that the concepts “expert investigations at the scene” and “expert investigations of the scene” are used in a variety of ways. In solving scientific and practical problems, the possibility of their application is determined by the specific situation that develops in the course of the investigation of the crime, the organizational and methodological necessity of providing expert research. Based on the definition of the conformity of the category “material situation of the scene” to the essence of the methodology of cognition of such objects, the relationship between the concepts “scene of the accident” and “material situation of the scene”, it was concluded that in a number of cases the entire set of available information on the scene of the incident, including its material situation, for solving problems of situational order. Empirical analysis. The case of expert practice cited in the work illustrates the advisability of using an expanded list of forensically significant information about the scene of events to establish the event side of the crime under investigation. Results. The possibility of examining as the object of a diagnostic forensic-ballistic expert study not only the material situation of the scene, but also the site of the incident itself, the volume of criminally significant information of which can be expressed by the formula “material situation of the scene +” is proved. The expediency of distinguishing such a group of objects of expert research determines the cases of establishing the event party of the crime being investigated, when for an expert decision of the issue information is needed not only about the material situation of the scene, but also other forensically significant information.

References: 

1. Komarinets B. M. Uchastie ekspertov-kriminalistov v provedenii sledstvennykh deistvii po osobo opasnym prestupleniiam protiv lichnosti [Participation of forensic experts in conducting investigative actions on especially dangerous crimes against the person]. Teoriia i praktika kriminalisticheskoi ekspertizy [Theory and practice of forensic examination], 1964, no. 1 (11), pp. 6–64 (in Russian). 

2. Shimanova Z. E. Pozharno-tekhnicheskaia ekspertiza [Fire and technical expertise]. Moscow, 1963. 117 p. (in Russian). 

3. Eisman A. A. Zakliuchenie eksperta. Struktura i nauchnoe obosnovanie [Expert opinion. Structure and scientifi c justifi cation]. Moscow, 1967. 152 p. (in Russian). 

4. Belkin R. S. Kurs kriminalistiki: v 3 t. T. 3. Kriminalisticheskie sredstva, priemy i rekomendatsii [Forensic science course : in 3 vol. Vol. 3. Forensic tools, techniques and recommendations]. Moscow, 1997. 480 p. (in Russian). 

5. Pleskachevskii V. M. Sudebno-ballisticheskie ekspertnye issledovaniia na meste proisshestviia [Forensic-ballistic expert studies at the scene]. In: Voprosy sudebnoi ekspertizy [Questions of forensic examination. Collected). Baku, 1974, pp. 19–113 (in Russian). 

6. Granovskii G. L. Kriminalisticheskaia situatsionnaia ekspertiza mesta proisshestviia [Forensic situational expertise of the scene]. Referaty nauchnykh soobscheniy na teoreticheskom seminare – kriminalisticheskikh chteniiakh 21 aprelia 1977 g. Vyp. 16 [Abstracts of scientifi c reports at the theoretical seminar – criminalistic readings April 21, 1977. Iss. 16]. Moscow, 1977, pp. 3–16 (in Russian). 

7. Vladimirov V. Yu. Situalogicheskaia ekspertiza mesta proisshestviia [Situational expertise of the scene. Teaching aid]. St. Petersburg, 1995. 24 p. (in Russian). 

8. Gedygushev I. A. Sudebno-meditsinskaia ekspertiza pri rekonstruktsii obstoiatel’stv i uslovii prichineniia povrezhdenii (metodologiia i praktika) [Forensic medical examination during the reconstruction of circumstances and conditions of damage (methodology and practice]. Moscow, 1999. 215 p. (in Russian). 

9. Kolkutin V. V., Makarov I. Yu. Vozmozhnosti situatsionnoi ekspertizy pri rassledovanii ugolovnykh del, sviazannykh s primeneniem ognestrel’nogo oruzhiia [Possibilities of situational expertise in the investigation of criminal cases involving the use of fi rearms]. Sudebno-meditsinskaia ekspertiza [Forensic-medical examination], 2005, no. 4, pp. 8–12 (in Russian). 

10. Isakov V. D. Situalogicheskaia ekspertiza v sudebnoi meditsine (teoriia i metodologiia) [Situational expertise in forensic medicine (theory and methodology). Education quidance). St. Petersburg, 2007. 132 p. (in Russian). 

11. Kriminalisticheskaia ekspertiza oruzhiia i sledov ego primeneniia : v 2 ch. Ch. 1 [Forensic examination of weapons and traces of its use. Textbook: in 2 pt. Pt. 1. Ed. by V. A. Ruchkina, I. A. Chulkova]. Volgograd, 2004. 316 p. (in Russian). 

12. Kokin A. V., Iarmak K. V. Sudebnaia ballistika i sudebno-ballisticheskaia ekspertiza [Judicial ballistics and forensic ballistics. Textbook]. Moscow, 2015. 350 p. (in Russian). 

Full Text (PDF): 
Status: 
опубликована
Short Text (PDF):