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Century of Mobilization Development of the Russian Economy

Introduction. Researched sustainable secular trend of mobilization development of the Russian economy since the beginning of the First World War in 1914. Theoretical analysis. Outlines the main theoretical and methodological assumptions put forward scientific hypotheses: the mobilization of the economy as a result of government entrepreneurship, limiting the share of consumption and increase the share of savings in the structure of gross product of the country. Dynamics of the statistical indicators of the mobilization of the Russian economy – a share of consumption and accumulating in the national income, a share of consumption and a saving in gross domestic product – on chronologically consecutive historical intervals is analyzed. Results. Consecutive alternation within century of three models of the Russian economy speaks: the military mobilization, investment mobilization and rent-mobilization. It is proved that the trajectory of mobilization development of the economy of Russia/ USSR was caused by its semi-peripheral status in the international division of labor, and the vector of government entrepreneurship was determined by the intention of the ruling power to enter the group of advanced countries. Conclusions. The estimation of rent-mobilization model of the modern economy of Russia as the abnormal condition typical for the peripheral countries is given.