industrial policy

Effect evaluation of the industrial policy project instruments application in the regions

Introduction. This study is devoted to the analysis of industrial policy project instruments implemented by the Russian Industrial Development Fund, from the standpoint of assessing their impact on the systemic results of the industrial development of Russian regions. Theoretical analysis. The industrial sector of the economy has historically played a key role in the socio-economic development of Russia. Given the backbone role of industry in the country’s economy, the issues of state support for industrial development are traditionally the most important on the agenda of the state’s economic policy. Established in 2014, over the past period, the Fund has demonstrated the fl exibility and adaptability of its programs to changing conditions, has provided its customers with convenient tools for concessional lending for technological modernization projects, and, in general, has become the most popular instrument of industrial policy. At the same time, the question of the strategic eff ectiveness of the Fund’s activities as a systemic institution of industrial policy, solving not only local tasks of supporting modernization projects and creating new industries, but also the tasks of industrial development and growth in general, remains open. Empirical analysis. Given that the problem of industrial development is ultimately localized at the level of the constituent entities of the Russian Federation, in this study, based on the methods of regression analysis, an assessment has been made of the impact of the Fund’s activities on the development of the manufacturing sector in the regions of Russia. The work has assessed the impact of projects implemented within the framework of the Fund’s programs on the indicators of the production index and the volume of shipment of goods, services on their own in the manufacturing industry of the region by groups of constituent entities of the Russian Federation, depending on the level of the average annual cost of investment projects implemented with the participation of the Industrial Development Fund. Results.The analysis has showed that the Fund’s current tools have a positive eff ect on the systemic growth and development of industry only up to a certain level of intensity of their use in regions with an average and low level of industrial development. As for industrialized regions, the results obtained here from the standpoint of systemic eff ects of accelerated industrial development are not obvious.

The Concept of Development of an Industrial Policy of the Saratov Area

In article conceptual bases of working out of an industrial policy of the Saratov area are considered. The author also proves necessity of realisation of a regional industrial policy by a program method.

Institutional Component of the Industrial Policy of the Russian Federation: Features and Problems of Formation

Introduction. For Russia, the development of an effective industrial policy is a response to the challenge of maintaining competitiveness and increasing the productivity of the country’s industrial complex. The study aims to identify and systematize the prerequisites and limitations of industrial development in the context of the institutional component of industrial policy. Theoretical analysis. We have considered the historical transformation of views on industrial policy, identified resource-industry and institutional approaches to industrial policy, and justified their differences. Based on the literature review the specific features of the institutional environment of Russia have been summarized: path dependence of previous development, weakness of institutions, institutional traps, distorting market signals. Empirical analysis. The analysis of statistical information made it possible to substantiate that over the past decades, Russia has deepened its raw material specialization, while there are some positive changes regarding the quality of the institutional environment. The analysis of the features of the institutional component of industrial policy made it possible to identify the following turning points: the creation of the Presidential Council on the modernization of the economy and innovative development of Russia; the adoption of a law on industrial policy; the modification of the system of central executive bodies and the improvement of their interaction; creation of infrastructure of the Industrial Development Funds. At the same time, a number of restrictions on the institutional environment have been identified. The most significant are: the formal and contradictory nature of the strategic planning of industrial development, duplication of powers and contradictions between formal institutions of state power, the creation of a system of “incomplete” regulation. Results. The analysis has revealed that effective institutes for the development of industrial policy have not yet been formed, despite the permanently changing institutional environment. The thesis on situational and institutional component of the fragmentation of the existing industrial policy has been confirmed.