Cite this article as:

Zemlyanuhina S. G., Zemlyanukhina N. S. The System of Economic Relations in the Sphere of Self-employment of the Population of Russia. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Economics. Management. Law, 2018, vol. 18, iss. 2, pp. 126-133. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1994-2540-2018-18-2-126-133


Heading: 
Language: 
Russian

The System of Economic Relations in the Sphere of Self-employment of the Population of Russia

Introduction. The relevance of the problem of self-employment in Russia is justified by the need for its legalization, withdrawal from the shadow economy and attracting this category of the population to pay various kinds of contributions and taxes. While attempts of the authorities to legalize self-employed citizens and determine their legal status have not been successful, which indicates a lack of theoretical development of this phenomenon. The purpose of this article is to present the system of economic relations, expressed in the category of self-employment, and to make proposals for the successful functioning of this category of labor resources. Theoretical analysis. When examining the system of economic relations in the sphere of self-employment of the Russian population, the authors emphasize the specifics of self-employment in comparison with the more general category of employment, define self-employment as a process of including the population in economic activity, which is expressed in the independent organization of the production of goods or services without the use of an employed manpower in order to generate income. This allows us to show the role of these relations in the system of labor relations and property relations, the inconsistency of the self-employment interpretations available in the literature, and make suggestions on the determination of the legal status of the self-employed. Conclusions. Additional justification of the President’s proposal for granting not only tax holidays, but also exemption from taxation of the category of self-employed, which meets the criterion proposed in the article, is given.

References: 

1. Poslanie Prezidenta Rossii ot 01 dekabria 2016 g. (The message of the President of Russia from 01 December 2016). ATP «Garant» [electronic resource] (in Russian). 

2. Matvienko: Zadacha gosudarstva – vvesti pravovuiu legalizatsiiu samozaniatykh grazhdan (Matvienko: The task of the state to enter legal the legalization of selfemployed people). Available at: http://allmedia.EN/ newsitem.asp?id=963152 (accessed 29 May 2017) (in Russian). 

3. Gosduma priniala nalogovyi zakon dlia samozaniatykh (The state Duma adopted the tax law for self-employed). Available at: http://krizis-kopilka.ru/archives/36483 (accessed 29 May 2017) (in Russian). 

4. Titov: Popytka vlastei legalizovat’ samozaniatykh grazhdan “fakticheski provalilas’” (Titov: The attempt of the authorities to legalize the self-employed “has failed”). Available at: http://www.mk.ru/economics/2017/05/19/ titov-popytka-vlastey-legalizovat-samozanyatykhgrazhdan-fakticheski-provalilas.html (accessed 29 May 2017) (in Russian). 

5. Preobrazovanie nashego mira: Povestka dnia v oblasti ustoichivogo razvitiia na period do 2030 goda. Rezoliutsiia, priniataia General’noi Assambleei OON 25 sen tiabria 2015 goda (Transformation of our world: An Agenda for Sustainable Development for the period up to 2030. Resolution adopted by the UN General Assembly on September 25, 2015). Available at: http://www.un.org/ ru/ga/70/docs/70res1.shtml (accessed 29 May 2017) (in Russian). 

6. Zemlyanukhina S. G., Maksimovich L. V. Samozaniatost’ naseleniia v rossiiskoi ekonomike: formirovanie i regulirovanie [Employment in the Russian economy: formation and regulation]. Saratov, 2007. 145 p. (in Russian). 

7. Rekomendatsii po primeneniiu v statisticheskoi praktike metodologicheskikh polozhenii po izmereniiu trudovoi deiatel’nosti, zaniatosti i nedoispol’zovannoi rabochei sily s uchetom rezoliutsii 19-i Mezhdunarodnoi konferentsii statistikov truda (MKST) [Recommendations for use in statistical practice the methodological regulations on measuring labor activity, employment and underutilized labor force, taking into account the resolution of the 19th International conference of labour statisticians (ICLS)]. Moscow, 2015. 103 p. (in Russian). 

8. Tatiana Zverintseva: Miniust opredelil status samozaniatykh (The Ministry of justice determined the status of self-employed). Available at: http://gosvopros.ru/ territory/business/status-samozanyatykh/ (accessed 29 May 2017) (in Russian). 

9. The Civil Code of the Russian Federation. The latest edition. Article 2 of the Civil Code. Relations governed by civil law. Available at: http://www.grazkodeks.ru/ gzk-glava-1/gz-statia-2/ (accessed 29 May 2017) (in Russian).

10. Sotsial’noe polozhenie i uroven’ zhizni naseleniia Rossii: 2015 [Social status and living standards of Russia’s population: 2015]. Moscow, 2015. 311 p. (in Russian). 

11. Azbuka prav trudiaschikhsia zhenschin i gendernogo ravenstva (ABC of women workers’ rights and gender equality). Mezhdunarodnoe biuro truda (International labour offi ce), 2008. Available at: http://migrationcentralasia.itcilo.org/ru/proekt/sozdanie-i-ukreplenie-i... cd/1-41043743144343a430-43f440430432.pdf (accessed 29 May 2017) (in Russian). 

12. V Sovete Federatsii predlozhili lishit’ samozaniatykh grazhdan polnotsennoi pensii (In the Federation Council proposed to revoke the self-employed full pension). Available at: https://www.kp.ru/online/news/2734219/ (accessed 29 May 2017) (in Russian).

13. Federal’naua sluzhba gosudarstvennoi statistiki (The Federal State Statistics Service. Site). Available at: http:// www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/ statistics/wages/labour_force/ (accessed 29 May 2017) (in Russian). 

14. Sotsial’noe polozhenie i uroven’ zhizni naseleniia Rossii – 2015 (Social status and living standards of the population of Russia – 2015). Federal’naia sluzhba gosudarstvennoi statistiki (Federal state statistics service. Site). Available at: http://www.gks.ru/bgd/regl/b15_44/ Main.htm (accessed 29 May 2017) (in Russian). 

15. Ershova M. V. Teoriia 20-S formirovaniia partnerskikh otnoshenii mezhdu gosudarstvom i obshchestvom v povyshenii kachestva zhizni naseleniia [In the Theory of the 20 with the formation of a partnership between the state and society to improve the quality of life of the population]. Sotsial’no-ekonomicheskie iavleniia i protsessy [Socio-economic phenomena and processes], 2015, vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 13–17 (in Russian). 

16. Chislennost’ naseleniia s denezhnymi dokhodami nizhe velichiny prozhitochnogo minimuma i defi tsit denezhnogo dokhoda (Population with money incomes below the subsistence level and lack of cash income). Federal’naia sluzhba gosudarstvennoi statistiki (Federal state statistics service. Site). Available at: http:// www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/ statistics/population/poverty/# (accessed 29 May 2017) (in Russian).

Full Text (PDF): 
Status: 
опубликована
Short Text (PDF):