Cite this article as:

Tumeneva N. V. Features of the Application of the Universal Criteria of Science in Law. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Economics. Management. Law, 2019, vol. 19, iss. 1, pp. 82-88. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1994-2540-2019-19-1-82-88


Heading: 
UDC: 
340.1
Language: 
Russian

Features of the Application of the Universal Criteria of Science in Law

Introduction. Universal scientific criteria have their own specific application in law, this is due to at least two circumstances. First, universal scientific criteria are developed in the conditions of the classical philosophical picture of the world, and the question of revision of the system of universal scientific criteria was actualized in the era of post-non-classical philosophy, since not all of them are able to “work” in irrational conditions. The second is related to the general nature of universal criteria that do not take into account initially the features of the object-subject area of legal sciences. This circumstance, coupled with the lack of disciplinary criteria of legal knowledge, “coarsens” the effectiveness of the application of universal criteria to the assessment of legal knowledge for scientific purposes. Accordingly, a combination of, a set of criteria of scientific character in relation to a particular legal phenomena can be varied. These issues require careful study in connection with the emergence of new social phenomena that require legal understanding, the introduction of definitions of their concepts in the categorical apparatus of the general theory of state and law. Purpose. The purpose is to consider the set of universal scientific criteria that are necessary and suitable for the standardization of legal knowledge. Results. Due to the fact that the system of such individual (disciplinary) settings did not work, the universal standards of knowledge developed in philosophy of science are used as the criteria of scientific character of legal science. They represent a complex system of foundations of science, consisting of theoretical and logical, and empirical parameters. However, they are often insufficient for quality assessment of legal knowledge. The article considers how to apply some of the theoretical and logical scientific criteria for the identification of the scientific foundations of different legal phenomena. In other words, it is shown under which conditions (if there are grounds) legal phenomenon can be the object of scientific analysis. Conclusions. Thus, the scientific criteria are necessary evaluation parameters of state-legal phenomena, allowing to standardize legal knowledge. Their system, features of the application depend on the object and subject of science, historical and socio-cultural conditions, as well as the prevailing (dominant) methodology.

References: 

1. Distsiplinarnost’ i vzaimodejstvie nauk [Disciplines and Interaction of Sciences. Ans. eds. B. M. Kedrov., B. G. Yudin]. Moscow, Nauka Publ., 1986. 280 p. (in Russian).
2. Puti formirovaniya novogo znaniya v sovremennoi nauke [Ways of Formation of New Knowledge in Modern Science. Ans. ed. M. V. Popovich]. Kiev, Naukova dumka Publ., 1983. 229 p. (in Russian).
3. Priakhina T. M. Konstitutsionnaia doktrina Rossiiskoi Federatsii [Constitutional Doctrine of the Russian Federation. Sci. ed. V. O. Luchin]. Moscow, Juniti-dana Publ., Zakon i pravo Publ., 2006. 323 p. (in Russian).
4. Nedbajlo P. E. Vvedenie v obschuyu teoriyu gosudarstva i prava (predmet, sistema, funktsii) [Introduction to the General Theory of State and Law (the Subject, System, Functions)]. Kiev, Vischa shkola Publ., 1971. 160 p. (in Russian).
5. Tjumeneva N. V. Tendentsii razvitiya prava na zhizn’ v sovremennoi rossiiskoi pravovoi deystvitel’nosti [Trends in the Development of the Right to Life in the Modern Russian Legal Reality]. Saratov, SGAP Publ., 2008. 172 p. (in Russian).
6. Filosofskaia entsiklopediya [Philosophical Encyclopedia: in 5 vols. Editor in chief F. V. Konstantinov. Vol. 2]. Moscow, Sovetskaia entsiklopediya Publ., 1962. 575 p. (in Russian).
7. Korobova A. P. Pravovaia politika: poniatie, formy realizatsii, prioritety v sovremennoi Rossii [Legal Policy: Concept, Forms of Implementation, Priorities in Modern Russia]. Thesis Diss. Cand. Sci. (Jur.). Saratov, 2000. 27 p. (in Russian).
8. Na puti k edinstvu nauki [On the Way to the Unity of Science. Ed. by V. I. Kuptsov, Th. Horvath]. Moscow, MGU Publ., 1983. 253 p. (in Russian).
9. Judgment of the European Court of Human Rights in the Sunday Times V. United Kingdom of 26 April 1979. In: Evropeiskiy sud po pravam cheloveka. Izbrannye resheniya [European Court of Human Rights. Selected Decisions: in 2 vols. Vol. 1]. Moscow, Norma Publ., 2001, pp. 198–230 (in Russian).
10. Krylov V. N. Rol’ nauchnykh abstraktsiy v postroenii sistemy kategoriy prava [The Role of Scientifi c Abstractions to Build a System of Categories of Law]. Thesis Diss. Cand. Sci. (Jur.). Moscow, 1985. 21 p. (in Russian).
11. The Constitution of the Russian Federation (adopted by the popular vote of 12.12.1993) (amended of 30.12.2008 no. 6-FKZ, of 30.12.2008 no. 7-FKZ, of 05.02.2014 no. 2-FKZ, of 21.07.2014 no. 11-FKZ). Rossiiskaia gazeta [Russian Newspaper], 1993, 26 December; Sobranie zakonodatel’stva RF [Collection of Laws of the Russian Federation], 2014, no. 31, art. 4398 (in Russian).
12. Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms, ETS N 005 (Rome, 4 November 1950) (rev. and add. of 11 May 1994). Sobranie zakonodatel’stva RF [Collection of Laws of the Russian Federation], 1998, no. 20, art. 2143 (in Russian).
13. Il’in V. V. Kriterii nauchnosti znaniya [The Criteria of Scientifi c Knowledge]. Moscow, Vysshaia shkola Publ., 1989. 128 p. (in Russian).
14. Gil’bert D. Osnovaniya geometrii [The Foundations of Geometry. Transl. from the seventh German Edition of I. S. Graphican, ed. by P. K. Rashevsky]. Moscow, Leningrad, OGIZ, Gosudarstvennoe izdatel’stvo tekhnikoteoreticheskoi literatury, 1948. 491 p. (in Russian).

Full Text (PDF): 
Status: 
опубликована
Short Text (PDF):