Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Economics. Management. Law

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ISSN 2542-1956 (Online)

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Tumeneva N. V. Features of the Application of the Universal Criteria of Science in Law. Journal Izvestiya of Saratov University. Economics. Management. Law, 2019, vol. 19, iss. 1, pp. 82-88. DOI: 10.18500/1994-2540-2019-19-1-82-88

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Features of the Application of the Universal Criteria of Science in Law

Tumeneva Nataliya Vladimirovna, Saratov State University

Introduction. Universal scientific criteria have their own specific application in law, this is due to at least two circumstances. First, universal scientific criteria are developed in the conditions of the classical philosophical picture of the world, and the question of revision of the system of universal scientific criteria was actualized in the era of post-non-classical philosophy, since not all of them are able to “work” in irrational conditions. The second is related to the general nature of universal criteria that do not take into account initially the features of the object-subject area of legal sciences. This circumstance, coupled with the lack of disciplinary criteria of legal knowledge, “coarsens” the effectiveness of the application of universal criteria to the assessment of legal knowledge for scientific purposes. Accordingly, a combination of, a set of criteria of scientific character in relation to a particular legal phenomena can be varied. These issues require careful study in connection with the emergence of new social phenomena that require legal understanding, the introduction of definitions of their concepts in the categorical apparatus of the general theory of state and law. Purpose. The purpose is to consider the set of universal scientific criteria that are necessary and suitable for the standardization of legal knowledge. Results. Due to the fact that the system of such individual (disciplinary) settings did not work, the universal standards of knowledge developed in philosophy of science are used as the criteria of scientific character of legal science. They represent a complex system of foundations of science, consisting of theoretical and logical, and empirical parameters. However, they are often insufficient for quality assessment of legal knowledge. The article considers how to apply some of the theoretical and logical scientific criteria for the identification of the scientific foundations of different legal phenomena. In other words, it is shown under which conditions (if there are grounds) legal phenomenon can be the object of scientific analysis. Conclusions. Thus, the scientific criteria are necessary evaluation parameters of state-legal phenomena, allowing to standardize legal knowledge. Their system, features of the application depend on the object and subject of science, historical and socio-cultural conditions, as well as the prevailing (dominant) methodology.

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