Cite this article as:

Senokosovа O. V. Clustering in the Training System. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Economics. Management. Law, 2018, vol. 18, iss. 4, pp. 386-393. DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1994-2540-2018-18-4-386-393


Heading: 
UDC: 
331.52
Language: 
Russian

Clustering in the Training System

Introduction. The development of the digital economy has a mixed impact on the development of individual spheres of the economy. Technological innovations introduced into production and non-production spheres involve personnel changes and the use of highly skilled labor. However, the system interaction of industries, markets, and spheres in the present time is shown poorly, dysfunctions arise, especially between the training of labor resources and their actual application in the production process. The solution to the problem is partly clusterization, which is formed in various spheres and branches of the national economy. Considering technological, information changes, as well as new qualitative characteristics of the workforce, a full-fledged mechanism for the formation of qualitative labor force in the modern economy under clustering conditions has not been created.

Theoretical analysis. Clustering is considered separately for economic sectors, the mechanism of interaction between the system of training and production combined into clusters is not clearly defined. Existing approaches to the cluster interaction system are generalized. Scientific works touching on the problems of interaction between the labor market and education focus on the problems, functions, dysfunctions of such interaction and do not take into account the types of clusters, their goals and the transformation of the education system in Russia.

Results. The evolutionary foundations of the application of clusterization in the Soviet economy make it possible to use clusters more effectively in the relationship between education and production in modern Russia. The models for the development of clusters of the USSR and in the conditions of the development of the digital economy are shown. The connections of cluster interaction with the system of personnel training according to the levels of the modern education system in Russia are shown.

References: 

1. Senokosova O. V. Changes in the Structure of Employment in the Context of the Transformation of the Russian Economy. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Economics. Management. Law, 2010, vol. 10, iss. 1, pp. 26–33 (in Russian).

2. Klimova S. V. Model of Information Society Labor: The Problem of Implementation in Modern Russia. Vestnik Saratovskogo gosudarstvennogo social`no-ekonomicheskogo universiteta [Vestnik of Saratov State Socio-Economic University], 2012, no. 2 (41), pp. 164–167 (in Russian).

3. Latova N. V. Structural and Professional Disproportions in Modern Russia. Теrrа Economicus, 2014, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 131–151 (in Russian).

4. Kravtsov P. G., Mikhelkevich V. N. Organizational-Methodical Bases of the Functionally-Oriented Training of Specialists in the Structure of Regional Educational Cluster. Vestnik Samarskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta. Ser. Psikhologo-pedagogicheskie nauki [Bulletin of the Samara State Technical University. Ser. Psychological and pedagogical sciences], 2015, no. 2 (26), pp. 99–107 (in Russian).

5. Proskurina T. L. Educational Cluster as a Regional Innovation Strategy. Obrazovatel`nye tekhnologii [Educational Technologies], 2011, no. 3, pp. 53–63 (in Russian).

6. Muehlemann S., Wolter S. C. Return on Investment of Apprenticeship Systems for Enterprises: Evidence from costbenefit analysis. IZA Journal Labor Policy (December 2014). Available at: https://link.springer.com/article/10.1186/2193-9004-3-25 (accessed 22 January 2018).

7. About the Approval of Rules of Participation of Associations of Employers in Monitoring and Forecasting of Needs of Economy for Qualifi ed Personnel, in Realization of State Policy in the Field of Secondary Professional Education and the Higher Education. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation of 10.02.2014 no. 92. ATP «Garant» [electronic resource] (in Russian).

8. On Education in the Russian Federation. Federal Law of 29.12.2012 no. 273-FZ. ATP «Garant» [electronic resource] (in Russian).

9. Efi mushkin V. A. Kruglyi stol “Tsifrovaia transformatsiya biznesa na osnove tekhnologiy sviazi sleduiuschego pokoleniya” 28 Marta 2017 g. (Round table “Digital business transformation based on next-generation communication technologies” 28 March 2017). Available at: https://bi.hse.ru (accessed 9 May 2018) (in Russian).

10. Nikulina O. V. Strategicheskie orientiry innovatsionnogo razvitiya ekonomiki [Strategic guidelines for innovative development of the economy]. Krasnodar, 2010. 190 p. (in Russian).

Full Text (PDF): 
Status: 
опубликована
Short Text (PDF):