Izvestiya of Saratov University.

Economics. Management. Law

ISSN 1994-2540 (Print)
ISSN 2542-1956 (Online)

Error message

  • Notice: Undefined variable: publicationDate in mybiblio_list_block_content() (line 242 of /fs/www/izvestiya_new/public/sites/all/modules/custom/biblio_list/biblio_list.module).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: volume in mybiblio_list_block_content() (line 243 of /fs/www/izvestiya_new/public/sites/all/modules/custom/biblio_list/biblio_list.module).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: issue in mybiblio_list_block_content() (line 244 of /fs/www/izvestiya_new/public/sites/all/modules/custom/biblio_list/biblio_list.module).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: volume in mybiblio_list_block_content() (line 301 of /fs/www/izvestiya_new/public/sites/all/modules/custom/biblio_list/biblio_list.module).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: issue in mybiblio_list_block_content() (line 301 of /fs/www/izvestiya_new/public/sites/all/modules/custom/biblio_list/biblio_list.module).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: Journal_year in mybiblio_list_block_content() (line 304 of /fs/www/izvestiya_new/public/sites/all/modules/custom/biblio_list/biblio_list.module).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: volume in mybiblio_list_block_content() (line 306 of /fs/www/izvestiya_new/public/sites/all/modules/custom/biblio_list/biblio_list.module).
  • Notice: Undefined variable: issue in mybiblio_list_block_content() (line 307 of /fs/www/izvestiya_new/public/sites/all/modules/custom/biblio_list/biblio_list.module).
Full text PDF(Ru):
Article type: 

The role and place of technological sovereignty in ensuring the Russian economy sustainability

Goryacheva Т. V., Saratov State Technical University named after Gagarin Yu. A.
Myzrova Olga Alexandrovna, Saratov State Technical University named after Gagarin Yu. A.

Introduction. The peculiarity of the current period development determined the need to change the vector, format and scale of the structural transformation of the Russian economy. This necessitated the need for domestic development only on the basis of achieving technological sovereignty as the main factor of economic growth and a condition of national security. It is revealed that one of the reasons for the low level of its achievement is the low innovative activity of organizations and a small proportion of organizations creating technological innovations and developments in the subjects of the Russian Federation. Theoretical analysis. The article examines the place and role of technological sovereignty in increasing national independence. Various approaches to understanding the essence of technological sovereignty are considered. A retrospective analysis of the “technological sovereignty” category formation is carried out, its priority over the policy of import substitution is proved. Empirical analysis. The analysis of the organizations’ innovative activity indicators dynamics by subjects of the Russian Federation and by types of economic activity, as well as the dynamics of the share of organizations in the total number of surveyed organizations of the Russian Federation engaged in technological innovations is carried out. The results allowed to make a conclusion about the negative trend of most of the indicators’ values. The obtained results confirmed the need to revise the vector of domestic economy development, the research activities activation as the main factor of ensuring technological sovereignty. Results. The result of the study is the identification and systematization of priority areas and measures to ensure technological sovereignty. The specific characteristics of the sovereignties influencing the achievement of universal sovereignty based on the construction of a sovereign economy model are shown. Based on theoretical and empirical analysis, assumptions are made about the different sovereignties level of development in the Russian Federation.

  1. Aleshin V. I. Modern scientific and technical potential: Its structure and management. Sotsial’no-gumanitarnye znaniya [Social and Humanitarian Knowledge], 2009, no. 4, pp. 103–115 (in Russian).
  2. Anchishkin A. I. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy progress ipovyshenie effektivnosti obshchestvennogo proizvodstva [Scientifi c and technological progress and increasing the efficiency of public production]. Moscow, Obshchestvo “Znanie” RSFSR Publ., 1986. 40 p. (in Russian).
  3. Afanasyev A.A. Technological sovereignty: A question of essence. Kreativnaya ekonomika, 2022, vol. 16, no. 10, pp. 3691–3708. https://doi.org/10.18334/ce.16.10.116406 (in Russian).
  4. Vitun S. E. Scientifi c and technical potential of the region and the effectiveness of its use. Novaya ekonomika [New Economy], 2010, no. 1, pp. 55–61 (in Russian).
  5. Zadumkin K. A., Kondakov I. A. Nauchno-tekhnicheskiy potentsial regiona: otsenka sostoyaniya i perspektivy razvitiya [Scientifi c and technical potential of the region: Assessment of the state and prospects of development]. Vologda, ISERT RAS Publ., 2010. 205 p. (in Russian).
  6. Semenov E. V. Scientifi c and technological sphere: Ways of representing an object. Nauka. Innovatsii. Obrazovanie [The Science. Innovation. Education], 2013, vol. 8, no. 2, pp. 82–98 (in Russian).
  7. Fedoseev S. V., Tumar O. S. Scientifi c and technical potential in the structure of the total economic potential. Journal of Mining Institute, 2011, vol. 191, pp. 309–315 (in Russian).
  8. Anishchenko V. N. Problems of technological development in Russia in the conditions of global economic integration. Economic Problems and Legal Practice, 2020, vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 38–42 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.33693/2541-8025-2020-16-6-38-42
  9. Baburina O. N., Gurieva L. K. The Scientifi c and Technological imperative of Russia’s competitiveness in the context of the conceptualization of the Fourth Industrial Revolution (Industrie 4.0). National Interests: Priorities & Security, 2019, vol. 15, iss. 3, pp. 396–416 (in Russian).
  10. Varshavsky A. E. Spatial inequality and centripetal movement of the Russian population: Threats to economic, scientifi c, technological and national security. Konceptsii [Concepts], 2018, no. 1 (37), pp. 3–27 (in Russian).
  11. Egerev S. V. Countries of the global world in search of technological self-suffi ciency. In: Materialy Mezhdunarodnoy konferentsii Rossiiskogo natsional’nogo komiteta po istorii ifilosofii nauki i tekhniki RAN, posvyashchennoy 90-letiyu Instituta istorii estestvoznaniya i tekhniki im. S. I. Vavilova RAN [Materials of the International Conference of the Russian National Committee for the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology of the Russian Academy of Sciences, dedicated to the 90th anniversary of the S. I. Vavilov Institute of the History of Natural Science and Technology of the RAS]. Moscow, S. I. Vavilov Institute of the History of Natural Science and Technology of the RAS Publ., 2022, pp. 237–239 (in Russian).
  12. Dutov A. V., Klochkov V. V. Problems of technological development of Russia and modernization of applied science. Innovatsii [Innovations], 2019, no. 3, pp. 3–7 (in Russian).
  13. Lenchuk E. B. Science and technology development as a strategic national priority of Russia. Ekonomicheskoe vozrozhdenie Rossii [Economic Revival of Russia], 2022, no. 1 (71), pp. 58–65 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.37930/1990-9780-2022-1-71-58-65
  14. Kovalev S. G. Technological sovereignty of Russia in the newest world order. Filosofiya hoziaystva [Philosophy of Economy], 2020, no. 6, pp. 29–46 (in Russian).
  15. Kovalev S. G. The paradigm of the world order and sovereign geostrategy of Russia. Filosofi ya hoziaystva [Philosophy of Economy], 2019, no. 4, pp. 71–83 (in Russian).
  16. Crespi F., Caravella S., Menghini M., Salvatori C. European Technological Sovereignty: An Emerging Framework for Policy Strategy. Intereconomics, 2021, no. 6, pр. 348–354. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10272-021-1013-6
  17. March C., Schieferdecker I. Technological Sovereignty as Ability, Not Autarky. CESifo Working Paper No. 9139. 2021. https://doi.org//10.2139/ssrn.3872378
  18. Kvint V. L., Novikova I. V., Alimuradov M. K., Sa saev N. I. Strategizing the National Economy during a Period of Burgeoning Technological Sovereignty. Administrative Consulting, 2022, no. 9, pp. 57–67 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.22394/1726-1139-2022-9-57-67
  19. Afanasyev A. A. Technological sovereignty as a scientifi c category in the contemporary knowledge system. Ekonomika, predprinimatelstvo i pravo, 2022, vol. 12, no. 9, pp. 2377–2394 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.18334/epp.12.9.116243
  20. Faltsman V. K. Statistical measurements of Russia’s. Technological sovereignty. Contemporary Europe, 2018, no. 3 (82), pp. 83–91 (in Russian). https://doi.org/10.15211/soveurope320188391
  21. Kokoshin A. A. National interests, real sovereignty and national security. Voprosy fi losofi i [Russian Studies in Philosophy], 2015, no. 10, pp. 5–19 (in Russian).
  22. Dmitry Peskov. Why technological sovereignty is important for Russia. RBC. Available at: https://www.rbc.ru/newspaper/2022/06/10/62a0e95b9a79472d8b713207 (accessed February 9, 2023) (in Russian).
  23. Andrey Belousov named the main directions of technological policy. Rospatent. Available at: https://rospatent.gov.ru/ru/news/belousov-tehnologicheskayapolitika-18072022 (accessed February 10, 2023) (in Russian).
  24. Ensuring technological sovereignty of Russia. Specmash. Available at: https://npf-specmash.ru/stati/tekhnologicheskiy-suverenitet#:~:text=Вицепремьер%20Дмитрий%20Чернышенко%2C%20выступая%20на,и%20формирования%20зависимости%20от%20них (accessed February 11, 2023) (in Russian).
  25. Edler J., Blind K., Frietsch R., Kimpeler S., Kroll H., Lerch Ch., Reiss T., Roth F., Schubert T., Schuler J., Walz R. Technology sovereignty. From demand to concept. Karlsruhe, Verlag, 2020. 32 p. (in German). https://doi.org/10.24406/publica-fhg-300301
  26. On the Strategy of Scientific and Technological Development of the Russian Federation. Decree of the President of the Russian Federation no. 642 of December 1, 2016. ATP «Garant» [electronic resource] (in Russian).
  27. Science and Technology Indicators in the Russian Federation: 2022: Data Book. Moscow, HSE Publ., 2022. 400 p. (in Russian).
  28. The Kremlin called the timing of Russia’s achievement of technological sovereignty. RBC. Available at: https://www.rbc.ru/politics/27/06/2022/62b9147b9a7947727cf15fca (accessed February 11, 2023) (in Russian).