Portfolio Analysis Technologies in the Logistics System

Introduction. The modern functioning of logistics systems, which is characterized by high demands for increasing efficiency, saving resources, reducing the costs of product distribution, confirms the relevance of the competitiveness of enterprises through the use of advanced resource management technologies. Theoretical analysis. The article presents a theoretical analysis of the portfolio method of researching technologies that are used in the implementation of logistics operations and functions in an enterprise, and also describes in detail the stages and features of the construction of matrices of portfolio analysis technology. Scientists’ views on the use of portfolio analysis are summarized, and the advantagesof portfolio analysis of technologies in enterprises integrated into logistics systems are revealed. Results. According to the results of the study, problematic issues of constructing portfolio technology matrices were identified, criteria for technological attractiveness and resource endowment were formulated, which allow to develop effective strategies for improving the competitiveness of enterprises when performing logistic operations and functions.

Optimization and Improving Efficiency of Public Sector Expenditures in the Context of the Economic Area De-globalization

Introduction. There is an exacerbation of the struggle between the countries for the implementation of their economic interests in the global market in the context of a multipolar world formation. The de-globalization trends increase and emerging local and global economic crises form the series of new requirements to ensure the efficiency of the public sector housekeeper. The article analyzes the measures to optimize the public sector costs during the crisis. Theoretical analysis. State in the modern economy is intended to create optimal conditions for the optimization of transaction costs. In economic theory calls for limiting the activity of the state in the economic system replaced the ideas of greater state intervention and increased costs of the public sector with a parallel increase their effectiveness. State failures occur in the event that the public sector does not function efficiently. In today’s economy there is a system of mutual neutralization of failures, when the state and the market, in some cases neutralize each other’s failures. Results. A set of recommendations aimed at optimizing and reducing inef- ficient spending of the public sector of the economy. The author comes to the conclusion that the formation of public and institutional mechanisms allowing to monitor the cost effectiveness of the public sector of the economy.

System Analysis of Environmental Factors in the Operation of Logistics System

Introduction. The growing uncertainty of the business environment, increased business risks requires search methods and mechanisms of control destabilizing factors influencing the level of achievement of the purposes of the logistics system and the achievement of its resulting indicators within the established setting, which is particularly important to enhance the operation of complex systems. Theoretical analysis. During the operation of the logistics system should be achieved stability, efficiency and competitiveness of its most desirable state. The objective function of this process is to increase the strategic economic potential of the system, which in turn is the basis for sustainable optimal functioning logistics system in a constantly changing environment. Change of medium components can reduce the likelihood of achieving the established logistics system settings and requires the construction of a control system destabilizing factors and to develop a mechanism of adaptive their management. Logistics management process of neutralization of disturbances is a clear identification of signals of the environment and the development of adaptive control actions can reduce the negative impact on the resulting performance logistics system, improve the accuracy of prediction of its parameters and reduce the risks of industrial and economic activity. Results. The result of applying the proposed model adaptive control mechanism for environmental factors logistics system is to achieve the highest possible system performance predictability, instant tracking signal for possible changes and the development of true management actions to neutralize the destabilizing factors of the environment.