economic security

Forming a model for assessing economic security in conditions of digital transformations

Introduction. New economic conditions today are reflected in the development of the digital economy and determine the need to develop new methods of assessment, management, ways to attract specialists. In this article, an attempt was made to formulate a model for assessing economic security in the context of digital transformation, showing how the introduction of digital technologies contributes to the growth of real industry indicators and indicators and economic security. Theoretical analysis is based on the assumption that the effectiveness of digital transformations is expressed through the rate of change in the economic security indicators of a particular industry. For example, the agro-industrial complex was chosen as the key one in the field of maintaining the food and economic security of Russia. The model for assessing the economic security of innovation activity includes four stages: the formation of a set of indicators that characterize the level of digital development of the industry; construction of a reference series and ranking of indicators; comparison of the actual ranking series with the reference ranking series, calculation of the development coefficient; interpretation of the digital transformations’ economic security assessment results. Empirical analysis. The results obtained indicate that there are pathological problems in the industry that cannot be resolved through digitalization, this is proved by the development coefficient trend: there is an outstripping growth of investment in digital development against the backdrop of weakly growing intra-industry indicators; there is a decrease in the real disposable income of the population against the backdrop of rising inflation, which affects the purchasing power of the population; in the agro-industrial complex there is a high level of depreciation of fixed assets. Conclusions. The use of the economic security assessment model quite informatively reflects the current realities of economic development. The results of the assessment showed the presence of crisis phenomena in the industry and its grave condition. A way of solving the existing problems can be the increase of economic security both at the level of the state and industry, and at the level of a single organization.

Ensuring national economic security: Scenarios for the coronacrisis exit

Introduction. The COVID-19 pandemic has become a trigger mechanism for the deployment of a global economic crisis that has engulfed all countries of the world. The aim of the study is to analyze the consequences of the COVID-19 pandemic as a global threat to the world’s largest economies. Theoretical analysis. Within the framework of the basic AD-AS model, variants L, V, N, W were modeled and possible scenarios for overcoming the crisis were considered. Empirical analysis. Anti-crisis measures and the main indicators of the economic security of China, the United States, Germany and Russia are analyzed. Based on international statistics, forecasts have been made to overcome the economic crisis caused by the coronavirus. Conclusion. It is concluded that ensuring national economic security depends on the scenario conditions for economic recovery, on the eff ectiveness of macroeconomic policy and risk management at the global level. 

Contemporary Problems of Economic Security of Russian Regions

 In the conditions of reforming of Russian economy when the change of governing system takes at times rather difficult forms, a special attention should be drawn to the problem of economic security of Russian regions. The article studies the interrelations of the notions «economic security», «economic security of the regions» and «regional crisis situation». Theoretical analysis. The article contains the comparative analysis of crisis situations valuation methods applied at the federal and regional levels. There have been revealed zones of threats to the economic security in resources of strategic focus. The crisis condition of economy and social sphere of regions is formed under the influence of specific manifestations of the following phenomena and processes, able to cause the threats to the national (first economic) security of Russia. The author suggests at the studying of impact character of regional factors of destabilization on the national and economic security of the country, to assess the structural changes in the regional economy not only from the viewpoint of the current market condition but taking into account long-term economic advantages of a certain territory in the whole system of territorial division of labor. Discussion of results. Market transformations without state interference and support of regions of different types, without coordination and regulation in the state interests will lead to the strengthening of disintegrated tendencies, diminish the security of the state and restrict the rights of our citizens. 

Indicator Method as an Instrument to Ensure Financial Security of an Economic Entity

Introduction. Any enterprise’s functioning in a market economy entails internal and external risks. Reducing their impact or leveling ensures a long-term existence of the business. In this view, the subject of the study is relevant. Theoretical analysis. The theoretical and methodological basis of the study was the works of Russian and foreign researchers in the field of economic and financial security. During the critical study of scientific publications it was determined that the interpretation of the financial security of enterprises definition is considered in terms of several approaches: complex, resource, financial. It was also found during the study that threats to financial security have a direct impact on production, personnel, information, etc. Empirical analysis. The main methods of research were analysis and synthesis, as well as the method of generalizing indicators. In the course of the study, it was found that the analyzed enterprise uses only quantitative indicators for evaluation, which are unable to identify most threats to financial interests. As a result, an open list of qualitative indicators was proposed that could assess the level of financial security. Results. The construction of the financial security risk matrix allowed us to establish that the total cost of implementing all risks per year can reach 90 million rubles, which is about 9% of the property of the enterprise. Having assessed the risks of financial security, we recommended that the management of the enterprise should pay attention to the realization of the profits loss risks due to the unstable position of suppliers and contractors in the market or the termination of their activities.

Ensuring the Company’s Economic Security in the Conditions of Economy Digitalization

Introduction. Currently, the economy digitalization is accelerating and transforming the company’s management system. The article discusses the problems and prospects of ensuring economic security in the context of companies’ digitalization based on personnel risk management. Theoretical analysis is based on the identification of personnel safety risks based on the systematization of theoretical practical and applied research done by Russian and foreign authors on this issue. Empirical analysis. The diagnosis of the personnel security level at the enterprise LLC “SEPO-ZEM” is carried out, factors that impede the digitalization of the company are identified. Results. Specific personnel risks that arise in the process of company digitalization are identified, which are connected with a lack of personnel with a high level of digital competencies, inability to synchronize ICT with business activities, information overload, non-compliance with the “digital diet” with a low level of “digital interaction culture”, etc. The degree of negative impact of personnel risks can be minimized by increasing the level of personnel security, in particular internal staff mobility, rejuvenating the team and regulating the fluidity level. 

Actuality of the Study of Economic Safety of the Enterprise in the Face of Global Economic Instability

Introduction. The theme of economic security is of increasing importance, the very dynamic, contradictory trends and developments in the modern world. Theoretical analysis. The problem of global economic security for our country. The global financial crisis raises the issue of the formation of a new concept of economic security that guarantees the independence of the country and its stability, improving the quality of life of the people, the development of science and technology. The purpose of the article is to analyze the national economic security at all levels of management, and pay particular attention to the economic security of business activity, as the stability of the State’s economic development depends on the economic security of every enterprise. It is crucially important to reveal the essence of the problem and related issues, to identify real threats to offer reliable and efficient methods of solving them. Results. Identified the essence and structure of economic security. Investigated the institutional aspects of economic security at all levels of management. Identifies internal and external threats to economic security, entrepreneurial activity and suggest ways of overcoming them. You must create a discussion platform to discuss issues of economic security of Russia, which in turn will not only identify problems but also to find a way out of them.

Multi-criteria Evaluation of Target Efficiency of Inmate’s Labor Adaptation as a Tool to Improve Economic Security

Introduction. In the conditions of turbulence of world economy, the introduced international restrictions and the sanction against the Russian Federation, and also sharp decrease in the world prices for energy carriers the question of search of new conceptual approaches to providing economic security of a manufacturing sector of criminal and executive system is staticized. Theoretical analysis. Manufacturing activity in the penitentiary system is carried out through the employment of convicts and is aimed at the social and labor adaptation of convicts. One way to improve the economic security of the penitentiary system of the economy performs multi-crit analysis of the target efficiency of labor adaptation of convicts. In the process of evaluating the effectiveness of targeted labor adaptation of convicts: determined by the structure of the system of labor adaptation of convicts; formed by a group of experts and quantitatively assessed by expert judgment; in a matrix of priorities, priority vectors are computed and indicators for assessing the consistency; visually presented results of the study. Results. The developed technique of multi-criteria analysis of the target efficiency of labor adaptation of convicts allows you to distribute the degree of influence factors and to assess its condition at some point in time.

Assessment of Food Security Level of Territories on the Basis of the Analysis of Self-reliance of the Population the Main Products

The modern economy of import substitution caused need of an assessment of potential opportunities of certain territories for achievement of goals which is able to allow authorities of all levels to take measures of the stimulating character in time. Relevance gets strengthening of food security in respect of independence of the territory of import deliveries of food. Theoretical analysis. In work mathematical and economic methods of research which in a combination allow to make more accurate classification of territories by the level of food security are used. Indicator of self-reliance of the municipal area the main products in work the main criterion of food security of the territory. The analysis of dynamics of an indicator for a row of years allows to create projection of level of food security of municipal areas that will allow municipal governing bodies within the powers in due time to undertake the measures directed on prevention of internal threats of food security. Results.The technique of an assessment of level of food security of territories is used for the analysis of production and consumption of the main products in certain municipal regions of the Saratov region. The problem of dependence on import of the main products for the majority of the studied areas is as a result noted.