Entity and Negative Role of Freeriding

Introduction. The problem of freerides in the economy is being addressed. The example of passenger transport shows the negative impact and the limits of its development. The freerides problem is reflected both for the business that is providing the service and for bona fide users in the form of additional charges for servicing the freerides. Theoretical analysis. The freerides in various branches of the economy have been reviewed and summarized. Free services for natural persons, as exemplified by passenger transport, have been separately allocated. Description of the research object. The orientation of the control services to achieve full payment by all passengers for their journey in the electric train. In order to achieve full fare charges, the control of passengers in the electric train is considered at the interstation line of the road to be complete and continuous during the entire time of the train’s journey. The problem of finding an effective option for the provision of electric trains by supervisor’s staff is described. The solution to the empirical task. The task of optimizing the cost of maintaining the supervisors state by paying for travel on the train with different options for travel is being pursued. Results of the study. The phenomenon of freerides is not attributed to a negative phenomenon. The overall purpose of law enforcement is not to “eradicate” crime, but to “contain it at the optimum level”. The psychological aspect of the phenomenon, the systemic characteristics of the society also depend on the level of coverage of its freerides, which should be optimal for it as well. The systemic integrity of a society must be separated from the unsystemal state of the social community, but at the same time should not disrupt the production and targeting of a society. The second structural integrity must prevail over the first.

Personnel Policy as a Tool of Control of Competitiveness of the Digital Company

Introduction. Negative influence of environmental factors in recent years has caused a significant decline in the competitiveness of banking organizations operating in the Russian market. In the conditions of limited resources of the external environment, banks have the opportunity to build up competitive forces mainly through the professional use of internal capacity. Theoretical analysis is based on the assumption that the personnel policy that serves as the foundation for the effective use of the human resource of the organization can become a source of formation of the bank’s competitive advantages. The effect of personnel policy on the competitiveness of the bank as an instrument for controlling its level is investigated. Empirical analysis is based on the development of a research methodology that is based on the assumption that the type of personnel policy has a positive impact on the performance indicators of personnel management, which in turn affect the formation of the bank’s competitiveness parameters. The methodology of the analysis involves the use of sociological and statistical methods. Approbation of the methodology was carried out using the example of JSC “Rosselkhozbank”. Results. Based on the results of the analysis, an econometric model is obtained that proves that personnel policy is an effective tool for controlling the bank’s competitiveness. Application of the model in practical activities will allow JSC “Rosselkhozbank” to rank the importance and necessity of improving the directions of the personnel policy depending on the effect on the resulting feature.

Development of Monitoring Tools of Quality of Education for the Third Age

Introduction. The development of educational programs for the third age allows increasing social activity of older people, improving their psycho-physiological condition, increasing physical activity, as well as the level of education for their integration into modern society. Considering that the contingent of students in the education centers of the third age has a rich experience of life, and age-specific changes in health status, it is important to organize a high level of quality of education, select teaching staff in order to implement the educational process. Development of tools for monitoring the quality of educationfor the third age will solve this problem.

Methods. Monitoring the quality of education traditionally is based on the process approach. Its characteristic is the of planning parameters and indicators of processes, availability of resources, the implementation of measures to achieve the planned monitoring and measurement of processes, and analysis of processes for efficiency. Instrumentation for monitoring the quality of the organization of training includes three components: first, an array of background information, formed by a set of current forms of operational and statistical observation; second, the methodology for calculating and summarizing monitoring indicators; third, the analysis methodology for set of indicators to assess the quality of education.

Results. The result of the study is a system of indicators of the quality of education for the third age (at the Training Center of Samara State Technical University for Third Age), which is built in a hierarchical manner, reflecting the quality of education in the context of the individual subsystems. As the top-level of hierarchy appears comprehensive consolidated indicator.

Control of Passengers in Commuter Train: the Intensity and Interest Coverage

Solving the problem of building cash activity on
commuter trains, which will provide a high level of coverage of
passengers on all trains route, can be considered from the point of
view of productivity of supervisors. Passengers trains represent the
requirements for service on the part of supervisors. They come in a
railroad train at stops and leave the train, serving their supervisors
or not. This process is convenient to describe position of queueing
theory. Theoretical analysis. Discusses achieving full payment
for the carriage of passengers, with different levels of coverage. An
analysis on suburban passenger rail, cash flows pay their passage,and monitoring to ensure the collection of tolls from the stowaways.
Results. Accepted passengers not uniform along the length of the
route. The vast majority of passengers should be on small distances
and mainly around major stations, generating and absorbing the
flows of passengers. Time to move trains on this site not long lasting.
Ensuring continuous monitoring of passengers transported in
commuter trains may subject local tactics maneuvering strength
of controlling group focus on filling the carriages and the intensity
of the rotation process passengers.