Creative tourism and digitalization of society

Introduction. The substantiates the relevance of the study of creative tourism and the digitalization of society. The increasing digital needs of citizens are noted. The answer to the consumer’s request is the digitalization of the economy. It is indicated that creative tourism, using digital technologies, is able to ensure the restoration of the tourism industry, which was most severely aff ected during the pandemic. Theoretical analysis. The concept of “creative industries” is considered in detail from an economic and legal point of view. Groups of creative industries are distinguished. It is noted that creative industries are being transformed into tourist niches, which together make up creative tourism. Empirical analysis. The analysis of retrospective data and the forecast of future values indicates a growing share of the contribution of creative industries to both global GDP and Russian GDP. However, it is noted that digital exclusivity is becoming an obstacle in the development of creative industries. The paper focuses on digital products of domestic and foreign museums. The possibility of introducing digital avatars into the activities of performing arts as components of the creative tourism industry is indicated. Results. In conclusion, it is noted that the processes of digitalization aff ect the development of creative tourism. Innovation and experimentalism inherent in creative industries and digital technologies will determine the directions of transformations of creative tourism in the future.

Precarization of employment in digital economy

Introduction. Precarization of employment has become one of the objective and signifi cant manifestations of the employment processes transformation in the digital economy, while it is rapidly expanding and becoming more complex. The increase in upward precarization, depending on the degree of digitalization processes development and economic turbulence, indicates that it has acquired the qualities and characteristics of a clearly dominant trend in modern economic development, which has already become a reality for diff erent categories of employed and which all participants and contractors of the labor market – employees and employers – have to reckon with. Precarization of the employed is a relatively new and therefore only fragmentally studied phenomenon not only for the global labor market, but also for the Russian labor market, where it has its manifestations and features. All this in general determines the relevance of the research topic. Theoretical analysis. The study of various aspects of precarization of employment in the digital economy as a stochastic system – its content, causes, main manifestations and related consequences, externalities – is of scientifi c interest. Particularly signifi cant in epistemological and ontological aspects is the analysis of the reasons for the intensifi cation of precarization processes in digital economy in relation to Russian conditions, namely, the reduction of jobs, the excess of the need for new specialists over the capabilities of the modern education system, the transition to the platformization of labor processes, the expansion of the short-term contracts economy. Results. Active processes of precarization in the digital economy create conditions for the formation of new employment standards and new competencies of the employed.

Neoprotectionism as a necessary condition for the technological development of modern Russia

Introduction. The contradictions that have accumulated in the world economy call into question the advantages of globalization and free trade, reinforcing the tendencies of protectionism. Theoretical analysis. Since mercantilism, which created the prerequisites for the Industrial Revolution, protectionism and industrial policy havebeen used as complementary mechanisms. In the twentieth century, protectionism was fi nally ousted from trade policy and from scientifi c research. However, the policy of free-trade has not been able to remove the contradictions of the countries of the “core” and “periphery”, whose socio-economic inequality persists. There is a need to develop a new concept of international trade, called neoprotectionism. Empirical analysis. A signifi cant disruption of the international trade balance between its largest participants signifi cantly aff ects Russia. The reproduction system created after the reforms and the level of gross accumulation insuffi cient to overcome deindustrialization led to a high degree of depreciation of fi xed assets and the destruction of the production basis of the Russian economy. Results. The risk of external threats and the need to overcome the technological gap determine the use of neoprotectionism, which provides preferences primarily for enterprises aimed at social effi ciency, since the concept of a domestic producer has lost its original meaning in the process of globalization.

The specifi cs of the infl ationary processes development in modern Russian economy

Introduction. In modern conditions, infl ation is a topical problem of Russian economy, which occupies a key place in economic science and economic policy. Identifi cation of the infl ationary processes development specifi cs in modern Russian economy is signifi cant from the point of view of developing eff ective anti-infl ationary regulation measures. Theoretical analysis. The article clarifi es the content of infl ation as an economic category. The concepts of «repressed infl ation» and «hidden infl ation» are distinguished. The study revealed that the development of infl ationary processes in Russia has its own specifi cs, due to the peculiarities of the socio-economic development of the country. Еmpirical analysis. The statistical description of the infl ation dynamics depending on the phase of the cycle has been carried out. The factorial analysis of the development of infl ationary processes in the country has been carried out. The infl uence of the monetary policy instruments carried out within the framework of the infl ation targeting regime on key macroeconomic indicators is analyzed. Results. The countercyclical nature of Russian infl ation and the changing role of the prevailing factors of its development are revealed. The inconsistency of the anti-infl ationary strategy with the goals of achieving sustainable economic growth is demonstrated.

The laws of the synergetic eff ects emergence in Russian economy

Introduction. Modern economy is dynamic and consists of various actions of business entities that can lead to the emergence of synergetic eff ects. There are patterns that gradually turn into laws of the synergetic eff ects occurrence. To analyze and systematize these laws is an important research task. This is the relevance of the research topic. Theoretical analysis. There are several aspects of the emergence and functioning of synergetic eff ects: the time trend, the criteria of optimality and positivity. The analysis of synergetic eff ects according to the optimality criterion is of special interest. The initial, desirable, pre-optimal and optimal synergism are highlighted. The types of suboptimal synergism: nonsinergism, desinergism, resinergism and antisysinergism are revealed using historical and logical approach at the micro and macro levels. Results. Dynamic and static laws of synergetics are revealed. The internal and external factors of the optimal and non-optimal synergetic eff ects occurrence are identifi ed, taking into account the action of the synergetics laws.

The dialogue about the new economic policy: J. M. Keynes and V. I. Ulyanov-Lenin

Introduction. It is particularly interesting to study the achievements of outstanding personalities on the world scale, those who made a signifi cant contribution to economic science, played a crucial role in the international history of politics and economic activity, laid the prerequisites for the formation of original schools of economic thought, which were named after their founders. Such personalities were John Maynard Keynes and Vladimir Ilyich Ulyanov-Lenin. Methods and concepts. The term “dialogue”, meaning a conversation, an exchange of statements in spoken and written speech, precisely characterizes the format of correspondence communication between J. M. Keynes and V. I. Lenin. Having no personal acquaintance with each other, no mutual sympathies, the interlocutors addressed each other in publications and public speeches, setting out and commenting on the words and thoughts, deeds and actions, moral values, social and political ideals shared by the vis-a-vis. The dialogue between the two prominent persons dealt with the problems of developing and implementing a new economic policy in the international sphere and in certain countries. Analysis and interpretation. The immediate reason for the beginning of the dialogue was the publication of J. M. Keynes’ book “Economic Consequences of Peace” in December 1919, which repeatedly mentioned the name of V. I. Lenin. The dialogue of J. M. Keynes and V. I. Lenin took place not only in the format of publicly addressing each other, indicating the name of the interlocutor, but also in a hidden form of reminiscence – memories of what was said and heard, written and perceived by the counterpart. Results. The communication between J. M. Keynes and V. I. Lenin was maintained in the “Ab voce, ad rem” mode – from words to deeds. Serious thoughts expressed by the interlocutors found their real embodiment.


With the expansion of international economic relations national tax policy cannot be considered only as a set of measures providing the domestic regulation in the country and ensuring the implementation of social and economic policy. Interstate traffic of goods, labor and capital increases the importance and the role of taxes in the distribution relations both between businesses and the state, and among the countries that are active in foreign trade. Theoretical analysis. The article studies the directions of harmonization of tax policy Eurasian EC. Methods. The article proves the necessity of system approach to the analysis of tax systems of the Eurasian countries and work on the harmonization of tax laws of the member states of the integrated community. The system approach will develop the theoretical and methodological base for the process of development the tax harmonization in Eurasian countries, make the interstate integration process more stable and dynamic. Results. The developed by the authors analysis results in the detection the most important areas of the Eurasian integration processes under the influence of tax arrangements, including the harmonization of indirect taxation in Eurasian countries, the establishment of general principles of taxation of income and property in Eurasian EC, intensification the information interchange between the tax services of Eurasian countries

Specifics of the Russian Model of the State Entrepreneurship

In different historical periods and in different countries the model of the state entrepreneurship has special, unique features, its own forms and methods of influence on the macroeconomic dynamics and socio-economic development. The study of the specific Russian model of the state entrepreneurship is necessary to implement a successful economic policy of the government in our country. Theoretical analysis. In macroeconomic models the system of the national economy is determined by three key aggregate economic entities (sectors of the economy): households, businesses and government. The activity of the state, involving the use of public property and its sources of replenishment, aimed at increasing the circulation of controlled economic resources, has business orientation. A model of state entrepreneurship is determined by the national specificity of the country: historical conditions of development, a set of organizational forms, legal, cultural, religious norms, ideological, cultural traditions, and geographic location. Conclusion. The interrelation of economic and administrative activity of the state, hierarchical and financial supremacy of the state apparatus in the system of economic relations, the crucial importance of the budget in the economic life of the country is confirmed by the analysis of the historical experience of Russia.

The State Stimulation of Investments on Securities Market

Modern problems of the transformation of saved monetary resources into effective investments, for both business organizations and all-level governments, are analyzed. Methods. It is emphasized that it would be objectively impossible to create a favorable investment climate in Russia’s national economy with no development of a state strategy and methods of investment stimulation on the securities market as a economic growth factor. Results. The objective need of creation of a state regulation system at all management levels for investment stimulation on the securities market is proven. The author emphasizes that the formation of a fictitious capital market, securities markets in regions and municipalities is a powerful tool of promotion of the processes of investment, redistribution of the corporate property, and business profit. Conclusion. Essential causes of the poor development of the securities market are revealed as well: dispersion of the share capital among small (minority) shareholders, the unprofitableness of investments into production because of increased risks, the lack of differentiation of regulating functions between various financial structures of the state.

Theoretical and Methodological Modelling Based on the Major Cycles Concept of by N. D. Kondratyev: Problem Statement

Interest in major cycles concept by N. D. Kondratyev has been lately linked with its applied usage for analysis and evaluation of the perspectives of economy’s crisis state of leading countries and world economy. Development of fundamental economic theory and formation of renewed educational courses by means of theoretical and methodological modeling can be carried out within the framework of major cycles paradigm by N. D. Kondratyev. Research methods. The article presents the theoretical and methodological modeling potential based on the major cycles concept. The study uncovers the interconnection between model factors: technological, social and demographic, ecological, capital accumulation, dynamics of the monetary conversion sphere, outlet market development, correlation of forces between different countries on the world market, actions of social groups inside separate states. Results. Major cycles define the dynamics of development of the society’s economic development, which can be viewed as a special economic paradigm, which is a system of economic knowledge and practical skills, behavior samples, stimuli and regulators of reproduction, organizational forms, legal, cultural, religious norms, and ideological settings. There is a close interconnection between dynamics of country economy’s conjuncture and state enterprise. The article shows the possibility of theoretical and methodological modelling of spatio-temporal design and economy’s long wave oscillations within the framework of the world system analysis. Conclusion. Interchange of periods of long-term falls and rises in the Russian economy coincided with the change of state enterprise practice. Repetition of events shows the consistency of transition from one economic paradigm to another under conditions of revolutionary breakage of all social norms.