Convergent political economy of the “New socialism” by J. K. Galbraith

In the evolution of Western-type and Soviet-type economies after World War II, there were many common points that prompted scientists to talk about the convergence of two ideologically alternative political and economic systems. Remarkable examples of a comparative analysis of both vectors of the development of national economies, based on the same conceptual premises, are the books of J. K. Galbraith “The new industrial state” and “Economics and the public purpose”. The inability of the neoclassical and neo-Keynesian theory to explain the socio-economic changes that took place initiated a scientifi c search in the Western economy for the properties of the Soviet socialist system of regulation, the planned organization of the national economy. The need for planning was predetermined by the nature of the use of time and capital in modern production, the specialization of enterprises, the needs of large corporate organizations, the problems of unstable functioning of the market in conditions of advanced engineering and technology. There are reasons to assume that J. K. Galbraith’s concept of the state-corporate economy contains a reminiscence of the theory of state-monopolistic capitalism, set forth in the most famous works of V. I. Ulyanov-Lenin “Imperialism, the highest stage of capitalism” and “About food tax”. J. K. Galbraith outlined a logically holistic conceptual understanding of the objective conditionality of convergence in the development of Western-type and Soviet-type economic models. Decentralization in Soviet-style economic systems meant not a return to the market, but the transfer of some planned functions from the state to the fi rm. The convergence of the Soviet and Western systems cannot be understood as the return of the fi rst system to the market. Both systems have outgrown the market. There was a clear convergence in the direction of the same forms of planning. J.K. Galbraith discussed the possibility of reforming the American economy on the basis of the model of “new socialism”.

The specifics of the concentration of investment processes in the field of ICT- technologies in the Russian economy

Introduction. The relevance of the problems of this article is confi rmed by the fact that the existing and accumulated to date world and domestic experience demonstrates the growing interdependence between the growth of the national economic system and the development of its information systems and technologies. Currently, the development of ICT systems and technologies is associated with the processes of transformation and modifi cation of various activities and sectors of the economy, as well as improving the quality of human life and the effi ciency of business processes. Theoretical analysis. Theoretical analysis examines the methodology for calculating the tools used in the article to assess the degree of economic concentration. Еmpirical analysis. In order to identify the specifi cs of the processes of concentration in the Russian economy in the fi eld of ICT-technologies, using such indicators as the Herfi ndahl-Hirschman index (HHI) and the concentration index (CRk), the calculation and assessment of the concentration dynamics of the volume of investments in fi xed assets directed to the purchase of ICT-equipment. The concentration analysis has been carried out both for the Russian economy as a whole and for individual federal districts. Results. The result of the study is the conclusion that there is a clearly visible trend towards strengthening the process of concentration of the volume of investments in fi xed assets directed to the purchase of ICT-equipment in the Russian economy. At the same time, it has been found that within the various federal districts of the Russian Federation there is a multidirectional process of concentration, which manifests itself both in an increase in its degree in some districts and in a rarefaction of concentration in others.

Formation of the Innovative Business Environment in the Russian Federation

Article is devoted features of formation of an innovative business environment in the Russian conditions. The innovative business environment is, now, at a formation stage, therefore practically there is not is innovative-active population, stimulation of innovators to business, businessmen to active introduction of innovations in manufacture, the mechanism of a birth of innovations, their conclusion to the market and introductions in manufacture.

Transformation Social-economic Maintenance of Consumption in the Information Economy

The article is devoted to the reproduction, information, innovative approaches to transformation of social-economic content consumption From these positions are investigated changes in the role, structure, functions of consumption, its subjects and objects, forms of implementation and results, taking place under the influence of informatization and globalization of society and the economy.

The Concept of Development of an Industrial Policy of the Saratov Area

In article conceptual bases of working out of an industrial policy of the Saratov area are considered. The author also proves necessity of realisation of a regional industrial policy by a program method.

Economic Essence of the State Financial Resources

This article describes the theoretical material, the author says, proves illegitimacy of the inclusion of credit in the financial resources of the state. There is reason to believe this is not the result of neglect of owners of loan capital to the provisions of financial and credit of science, and their business interests, which sometimes do not coincide with the interests of the state.

Theoretical Bases of Resource Potential of Agrarian Manufacture

In the article theoretical approaches to definition of resource potential of social and economic systems are considered. Evolution of scientific views on a category «resource potential» with reference to different objects of research, including to agrarian manufacture is presented. The basic features of resource potential of agrarian and industrial complex are revealed. The author’s treatment of resource potential of agrarian manufacture is offered.

Preconditions аnd Potential оf Upgrade оf Russian Economy

The paper reveals the potential of upgrading; we have highlighted innovative and technological, resource, interactive, and transformative of aspects of upgrade. We have analyzed the sectoral and territorial features of development of Russian economy and have substantiated active, purposeful state intervention in spatial and structural changes of economy and upgrade.

The Quality of Education as a Criterion of the Motivation of the Labour Leaders in the Sphere of Higher Education

The article discusses the theoretical and methodological questions of the development of labor motivation in the sphere of higher education. The main problems of motivation of labor of the higher education system, the analysis of system of management of quality of education, summarizes trends of socio-labor motivation in the higher educational institution. In the opinion of the authors of the article, the main problem of formation of motivation of management staff in the education system is the problem of improving the quality of the system itself, adapting it to modern conditions, as well as the relationship with the individual complex of knowledge and skills of the leader and his team. 

Client Equity for Innovation System in the Meso-level: Regional Aspect

In this paper the role and nature of client capital in the innovation systems in the context of the regional dimension of the problems of development of innovative processes in the meso-level view of the trend «customization». Theoretical approaches to the definition of customer capital, and highlights its features. The notion of client-defined, and the capital of the regional innovation system.