Transformation of Views on the Content Category of «Ecological Risk»

This article analyzes the transformation of views of category «environmental risk». It examines the multiplicity of the concepts of «risk»  

Function and Importance of Service Industry in the Process of Evaluation of the Social Level of Living

The author considers the methodical problems concerning the social standards of living. Special attention is given to the effects of the service industry activity on the index of development of human potential. Nonmonetaized indication – precisely, share of people employed in this particular industry – is offered as an indication for calculation of the results of the service industry activity.

Foreign Economic Potential of Agrofood Complex of Russia

In the article foreign economic relations of agrarian and industrial complex of Russia and the factors of the world market influencing food sphere are considered. The condition of agrofood export of Russia in which structure the basic place is on grain crops is analyzed. The export potential as one of basic elements of resource potential of a grain husbandry is in detail studied. Measures on increase of competitiveness of grain branch with the purpose of maintenance of food safety are offered.

Internal and External Drivers of Public-Private Partnership in Russia

The article discusses factors that drive development of public-private partnerships (PPPs) in Russia. These factors have been categorized in two groups: internal and external. The author draws a conclusion that a more balanced approach to PPP benefits and potential drawbacks should be employed as partnership innovation is in no way guaranteed, and a PPP project may become more costly compared to traditional service delivery by government. 

Forms of Monopoly in Modern Russian Economy

The article describes types of monopolies in the modern economy of Russia, analyzes factors that affect their functioning, investigates cooperative interactions, as well as the hidden processes of concentration in the economy and pattern of interactions cartel.

Trends and Limitations of the Russian Food Industry

The present article deals with the comprehensive analysis of the food industry nowadays. Some problems of the food industry as a whole and its individual sub-sectors have been under consideration: dairy, meat, bakery, confectionery and others. This research has been done covering both industry and large / medium-sized organizations.

The Contribution of Large Corporations in the Development of Russian Economy

The article analyzes the peculiarities of Russian large corporations. The activities of Russian corporations as it promotes economic development, and implements the inertial tendencies. Addressed the complexities involved and when transferring innovations created in other countries on Russian soil.

Macro Trends and Threshold Changes of Modern Russian Economy

Methodological and theoretical aspects of threshold changes of macroeconomical dynamics in modern Russia are considered in the article.

Theoretical and methodological aspects of ensuring the sustainable development of agro-food systems

Introduction. The relevance of the scientifi c substantiation of approaches to ensuring the sustainable development of the agro-food system is due to the growing impact of environmental factors on the internal structural balance and the target setting of the agro-food system. The sustainable development of the national agro-food system has begun to imply economic growth in order to achieve indicators of the physical and economic accessibility of quality food for the Russian population. At the same time, environmental priorities increasingly has begun to fade into the background, which contradicts the basic principles of the concept of sustainable development, which implies the unity of economic, social and environmental aspects. Research methodology. The theoretical and methodological basis of the study is a systematic approach, the main provisions of which give grounds to consider the agro-food complex as a complex, dynamic and multi-level system of interconnected elements and diverse ordered relationships between them. Theoretical analysis. The article considers and systematizes theoretical approaches to the interpretation of the concept of “agro-food system”. The structural features of the agro-food complex as a system are highlighted. The stages of the reproduction process in all sectors of the agro-industrial complex are characterized through the prism of the economic, social and environmental components of the concept of sustainable development. Empirical analysis. Using a systematic approach, the infl uence of external and internal factors on the main criteria for the sustainability of the agro-food system has been studied. A conceptual framework for analyzing the resilience of agro-food systems in relation to external infl uences is presented. Potential for sustainability, adaptation and management are considered with regard to agro-food system. Conclusions. The relationship between the basic principles of ensuring the sustainability of agro-food systems and aspects of food security is revealed. The properties that are most signifi cant for maintaining the sustainability of the agro-food system under the constant infl uence of external risks are identified.

Innovations of the Russian financial sector of the economy

Introduction. The digital changes taking place in all spheres of society are most evident in certain sectors, especially in the fi nancial sector. One of the factors of the modern development of a sustainable economy is the digitalization of society associated with the rapid development of information technologies. Informatization of this sector in Russia is associated with the synthesis of legal, economic, social, political changes. Theoretical analysis.The article is devoted to the key trends of informatization of the fi nancial sector of Russia. Consideration of theoretical and methodological approaches to the study of the penetration of digital technologies into the fi nancial sector shows the lag of the Russian practice of deploying digital technologies from Western practices, and rapid growth in 2020 under the infl uence of the covid crisis. Empirical analysis. Analysis of the main suppliers of information technologies in the fi nancial sphere and their products has been carried out. Priority directions of development of information technologies in the fi nancial sector and ways of their implementation are identifi ed. The main approaches to strengthening information security and reliability of fi nancial technologies in Russia have been studied. Synthesis of materials on research of information technologies in the fi nancial sector of Russia has been carried out. Results. Modern realities are such that new technologies based on digital services are actively being introduced into Russian practice, which changes the structure of fi nancial market entities, makes fi nancial products more accessible to citizens and businesses. The penetration of IT companies into the fi nancial services market starts the process of transforming the delivery of fi nancial products and services fi ntech becomes an independent sector of the economy. The format of the fi nancial sector, 24/7, gives users round-the-clock access to services and products, but at the same time forms a range of risks that need to be taken into account and addressed. Digitalization of the fi nancial sector, based on a global rethinking of information solutions, is the key to the transition to sustainable development.