Technological Modernization as a Driver of Development of the Russian Federation

The article deals with the pressing economic problems, macroeconomic conditions and controls that ensure the dynamic development of a national industrial and technological modernization of the economy the Russian Federation.

Neo-Marxist Interpretation of Development of Economy USSR: World-System Analysis by I. Vallerstein

historical-economic interpretation, economy USSR, Neomarxist world-system analysis by I. Vallerstein

Knowledge and Information in «New Economy» Conception

The difference and similarities between «knowledge» and «information» are examined in this article. The author offers original theory of Экономика 13 influence of these categories on each other in postindustrial society.

Regional Development in a Context of Reproductive Approach

In article the general characteristic of regional reproduction is given, its distinctive features and a place in system of public reproduction are shown. It is proved that realization reproductive process at regional level corresponds to market principles of the organization of the economy, expressed in an effective utilization of economic potential of national economy of Russia.

Infrastructure as a Category of Economics

The article deals with theoretical aspects of the research infrastructure as an economic category and it shows the contents of this category, the possible ways of development of infrastructure as a phenomenon of the real economy. Forms of interaction are presented in the regional infrastructure management, including innovative and inertial form.

The works of А. N. Radishchev: A study of economic and anthropological interpretation

Introduction. A. N. Radishchev in his writings lays the foundations of a humanistic study of Russian society and an anthropological understanding of economic orders. Most of the works were not published during his lifetime; the scientific publication of works and the study of views, mainly of a social nature, was undertaken in the 1940s–1950s. The comments emphasized the radical worldview of the thinker, manifested in the literary field. In reality, the enlightener’s work is more multifaceted and covers philosophy, law, history, and economics. Three life periods are distinguished, different in subject matter, but consonant with moral ideas. Theoretical analysis. The first period of writing is characterized by works of social philosophy, fiction and official notes of a legal and economic nature, in which Radishchev’s ambivalent attitude to power, lawmaking and moral values is revealed. The probable coincidence of the enlightener’s views with his European contemporaries (Locke, Diderot, A. Smith, Blackstone) and Russian philosophers (Tatishchev, Storkh) is revealed. Parallels with the works of I. Kant and the categorical apparatus of modern economic anthropology are determined. Empirical analysis. The views of Radishchev and Catherine II are interpreted in a comparative way. It is shown that there are no direct invectives in the “Journey from St. Petersburg to Moscow” against the Empress. The works on legislation in the third period of creativity are an adjusted continuation of the works of the first period. The most complete economic and anthropological theme is presented in the essay “On Chinese Bargaining”, which implicitly rejects the principles of the government’s economic policy, which does not take into account the spatial identity of Russia, its civilizational mission and the potential of free enterprise. Results. The writings of A. N. Radishchev anticipate the field of research of modern economic anthropology: the importance of reflection in human behavior, its noumenal and phenomenal representation, historical construction of ways of action and thought, performative thinking, hierarchy and fragmentation of power, structuration of economic (market) relations are taken into consideration. The key concepts are collective faith, feelings and habits, inclinations and individual differences, good-action, objective and subjective interests, reasonableness and rationality in historical refraction. The problems of conciliarity, will, moral imperatives, acquisition of systematic knowledge, necessity of laws, human rights are highlighted as the most important from the position of the enlightener.


Institutional portfolio of Russian education

Introduction. The educational system is constitutive in all countries, it is one of the world’s largest systems that generates and reproduces human, intellectual, cognitive capital. National educational systems have both common features and differences, which are based on unique components – institutional genes. Russian education inherits many of the best traditions of the previous social system, thanks to which world recognized successes have been achieved. Most of these traditions have acquired the qualities of institutional genes, but this does not exclude the emergence of stable inefficient institutions, i.e. institutional traps. These are the characteristics of Russian education that are synthesized in its institutional portfolio as a topical and, in many ways, new research topic. Theoretical analysis. This study for the first time offers an approach to Russian education from the standpoint of institutional genetics. Institutional genes are a set of institutions, institutional structures, their interactions, mutual determinations, various rules of the game that are inherited, i.e. are transmitted from the previous economic system to the next, develop within the existing system, are constantly reproduced. Institutional genes can undergo processes of various changes - mutations and mimicry, dysfunctions, institutional pathologies. Empirical analysis. The main characteristics of institutional genes are highlighted: they are inherited, changed, reproduced within the framework of subsequent economic systems, which creates a certain predictability of trends in future socio-economic development and the possibility of choosing effective directions in politics. The study of new institutional traps in Russian education is of scientific interest, which is significant for determining the mechanisms of their leveling in the general course of systemic transformations. Results. An institutional portfolio of Russian education is presented, containing an analysis of the best traditions of the domestic education system, most of which is identified as institutional genes, and its new institutional traps. The significance of the appeal to the institutional genetics of Russian education and the existence of institutional traps, mechanisms for leveling them to substantiate the algorithm for the development of the educational system in accordance with its genesis, national priorities and strategic prospects is substantiated.

On the infl uence of “tales” on the economics methodology formation and their use in the teaching process (Part I)

Introduction. This article is a justification of the possibility of using tales to popularize economics, economic history and the history of economic thought. Theoretical analysis. The historiographic review showed that many prominent English-speaking and Russian-speaking economists in their scientific articles and monographs textually or allegorically use the terms “parables”, “fables”, “stories”, “stories”, “myths”, “saga”, and the like. Therefore, the term “tales” will organically complement this semantic range. The study of the construction of theory and models within the framework of economic theory and economic history in the 20th century revealed that the essence of the methodology of scientific research data (instrumentalism) is very close to the practice of inventing half-truth instructive stories, from which the proper conclusions should be made. Results. Post-modernization of the modern academic environment pluralization, can be used in the process of creative self-expression of economists and progress in the field of economic sciences.

Development of Cooperation in the Sphere of Energy in a Globalizing World Economy

The article considers the prospects of TAPI (Turkmenistan – Afghanistan – Pakistan – India) gas-pipe line for strengthening of the energy safety in the Asian region. A special attention is paid to possible participation of Russia in the future projects of energy cooperation. The author proves economic expediency of the given project.

Trade in Soviet Russia During the Formation of a Socialist Economy (1917–1924 years)

This article analyzes the specifics of trade in the period of the socialist economy, trying to replace trade distribution system, the search for new organizational forms of supply of the population, the need for a new economic policy.