right to information

The Constitutional Right of Everyone to Freely Produce Information: Concept and Essence

Introduction. The article deals with a complex analysis of the constitutional legal regulation of the right of everyone to produce information. Theoretical analysis. The author considers various approaches of scientists to the content of the right to information. The right to produce information is generally considered as one of the warrants of the right to information. There is no concept of the production of information in Russian legislation, but at the same time, synonymous terms are used. They reflect the essence of the production of information, such as: “making”, “creation”, “editing”, “processing”, “formation”, “preparation” of information. The author considers constituents of the constitutional formulation that reads «everyone has the right to produce information». Results. The author notes that the right to produce information can be regarded as a subjective constitutional right to create an information product, regardless of its presentation in the process of creative, production and other socially useful activity of a person and citizen, as the right to make, process, prepare and edit information products with the aim of replicating such information. The author proposes to consider the right to produce information as an independent subjective right and formulates her own notion of the constitutional right to produce information.

Legal Regime of Information Production and Distribution

Developing information technologies enhance production and distribution of messages and materials that contain various data and opinions. However, distributed information can both pursue positive goals and have a destructive impact on individual and social consciousness, be exploited to achieve publicly illegitimate and wrongful goals. Purpose. The author aims at studying and describing legal regime of information production and distribution stipulated by the Russian legislation. Results. The author investigates the subject matter of the constitutional right to produce and distribute information; gives the classification of legal means used to regulate information production and distribution; systematizes major limitations stipulated by the Russian legislation in the sphere. Conclusion. Legal regime of information production and distribution is a set of measures targeted at conditions for citizens, mass media, social organizations and public associations, political parties to exercise their rights to free information production and distribution within the stipulated legal range that ensures security of subjects of information activities.