political parties

Legal Problems of Interaction between the State and Political Parties in Modern Russia

Introduction. The article substantiates the judgment about the lack of regulation of the issue of interaction between the state and political parties: the law stipulates neither the principles nor the form, nor the order, nor the sphere of interaction of political parties with the state. There is no mechanism for taking into account and implementing the recommendations and proposals of political parties in the state management sphere, which makes it impossible for political parties to have a real impact on state policy. Meanwhile, the legislation on political parties contains the requirements for the establishment, activities of parties, as well as the system of state guarantees in the information, financial and other spheres.

The purpose is to justify the idea that one can speak of unilateral impact of the state on the parties rather than of parity interaction of the state and political parties.

Theoretical analysis. The legislative regulation of interaction between parties and the state is enshrined only in article 10 of the Federal law “On political parties” in the form of a ban on mutual influence on each other’s activities, which is clearly not enough for effective cooperation. Namely, it should be a condition for the full development of political and state-legal systems. The lack of clearly defined principles, forms and methods of interaction between the state and political parties led, firstly, to the state’s influence on political parties, primarily through the system of financial and information resources provided to the parties participating in the elections, and, secondly, to selective control over the activities of political parties, which leads to inequality of the actual situation of the latter.

Conclutions. The analysis of the Russian legislation has shown that the multidimensional goal of creation and activity of political parties in Russia cannot be realized, as political parties are in subordinate position when interacting with state, as there are no effective guarantees and mechanisms of influence on the state legal life.

The Participation of Citizens in Managing the Affairs of the State Through the Activity of Political Parties at the Local Level

Introduction. The article is dedicated to analyze questions and opportunities of participation of citizens in managing the affairs of the state through the activity of political parties at the local level. Object. The main point of the article is to analyze a regulatory framework of improving political parties’ activity at the local level ensuring the realization citizens’ rights of the participation in managing the affairs of the state. Results. The author has completed his research of Russian legislation, practice of parties’ participation in resolving local issues in the CIS counties and in the world, benchmark of Russian parties’ activity in resolving local issues. He proved that opportunities of citizen participation in government process are increasing simultaneously with the increase of number of elected local officials. Proper realization and enforcement of this citizens right to influence government on the local level and participate in management is exactly the point where political parties have growing opportunities and should be more active. Conclusion. Author concluded that parties’ activity on the local and regional level is not enough and it doesn’t confirm the priorities of the development of civil society and the political system. Author discovers roots about the opportunity of improving efficiency of political parties’ activity and the realization citizens’ rights of the participation in government process based on principles of the Russian Constitution and the legislation of the political parties. There is also a list of problems is formulated. The political parties could play a major role solving these problems.