Equality of Floors in the Sphere of Family Relationships

Introduction. The article is devoted to the complex analysis of the constitutional legal regulation of the equality of rights and duties of men and women in the sphere of family legal relations. Discussion. The author analyzed the constitutions of the Soviet period with the aim of establishing the existence of a guarantee for the protection of the rights and interests of fathers (men) subject to gender discrimination. The author notes that certain advantages provided by the state, aimed at equalizing the legal status of men and women, apply only to women. It does not take into account the interests and rights of men who, as a result of providing women with appropriate benefits, may be violated, which can lead to discrimination against men on the basis of gender. Conclusion. As a result of the analysis of the constitutions of the Soviet period, the author comes to the conclusion that despite the fact that the Basic Laws of the Soviet period enshrined the principle of gender equality, they did not contain a guarantee of protection of the institution of paternity (with the exception of the 1978 RSFSR Constitution). The Constitution of the Russian Federation demonstrates a new approach to the family, highlighting both motherhood and paternity. The author notes that at present men are not provided with an actual guarantee for the state protection of the interests of paternity. Paternity is not included in the sphere of state policy, which leads to gender asymmetry in the status of mother and father in society. This is confirmed by the absence of an appropriate law aimed at regulating the relations of motherhood, paternity and childhood; not by establishing a guarantee of protection of the institution of paternity at the constitutional level.