Mathematical Methods and Instrumental Means of Industrial Identification of Enterprises and Organizations by Economic Activities

Introduction. The task of sectoral identification of enterprises and organizations by type of economic activity is considered, which is understood as the following – to determine its main type of activity and industry affiliation according to the balance sheet or other financial statements of an enterprise. Theoretical analysis. Sectoral identification is required in six areas identified by the authors: checking counterparties (suppliers and contractors), checking conflicting statistics, financial analysis, bankruptcy forecasting, business valuation, and determining the stage of the life cycle. Еmpirical analysis. All necessary calculations and computer modeling were made in the special computer program named The universal cognitive analytics system “Eidos”. It was revealed that according to the balance structure, reduced to a specific type, it is possible to identify the sectoral affiliation of enterprises and organizations with a certainty of 83%, and also to determine the probability of bankruptcy with a certainty of 90%. Knowing the most characteristic balance sheet items, we can identify industry ratios for business valuation. Results. The ranges of balance sheet items characteristic of five industries: information technology and telecommunications, mining, construction, agriculture and chemical production are shown, as well as characteristic ranges of balance sheet items for insolvent and financially sustainable enterprises in the construction industry. The regression equation for estimating the value of the construction enterprises’ business is given, which can be used for rapid assessment as a method of industry coefficients.

To the Question of the Formation of the Gilzoteks of Smoothbore Firearms Service and Hunting Weapons

Introduction. The legislation of the Russian Federation does not provide for the test shooting of smooth-bore weapons by law enforcement agencies. There are no catridge-cases repository of smoothbore weapons because of low criminalistic information, which, in turn, makes it difficult to investigate crimes committed using this type of firearm. The report considers the possibility of introducing catridge-cases repository of registered smooth-bore weapons. Conceptual possibilities for implementing this solution are described. Theoretical analysis. The developed forensic markers are offered as one of the necessary conditions for the implementation of the project for the creation of catridge-cases repository of smoothbore weapons. The considered system of ballistic marking of cartridge cases of smoothbore firearms civilian and service weapons, which is intended for the rapid (operative) establishment of the number copy of the weapon from which it was shot, followed by the identification of weapons by private criminalistic features. Empirical analysis. Experimental studies with forensic markers made using various technical methods have been carried out, and criteria for their effectiveness have been analyzed, which, in an identification study, can identify individualizing criminalistic features. The possibilities of forensic identification of tracks on the cartridge case reflected from forensic markers are examined with the aim of establishing by law enforcement agencies a specific specimen of smooth-bore registered weapons. Results. By introducing criminalistic markers at the legislative level, law enforcement agencies have the opportunity to create a base for criminalistic catridge-cases repository of smoothbore registered weapons, which will increase the effectiveness of investigating crimes using this type of firearm.