Federation Council

Modern Constitutional-Legal Regulation of the Organization and Activity of Presidential Plenipotentiary Envoy to Russia

Introduction. RF President occupies a leading place in the system of Russian power. RF Constitution in art. 80 determines the RF status of the President as head of state, whose responsibilities include security, coordination and control of the most important areas of public administration: the Constitution, the rights and freedoms of man and citizen, the sovereignty of the Russian Federation, its independence and state integrity, coordinated functioning and interaction public authorities. The fundamental tools in the work of the Head of State spoke of his powers to determine the main directions of domestic and foreign policy in accordance with the Constitution and federal laws, as well as the Russian representative in the country and in international relations. For the implementation of competence, the President shall have broad powers laid down in Chapter 4 and other articles of the Basic Law and constitutional law. Thus, the President is entitled to form its own unit, namely the Administration and its member plenipotentiaries (pp. I), k) art. 83 of the Constitution). Purpose. The main objective of the work is theoretical understanding of institute of plenipotentiaries of the Head of the Russian State and to develop practical recommendations to improve regulation and enforcement. Results. It is stated that the establishment of the institute of plenipotentiaries of the President of the Russian Federation is defined unlimited constitutional right of the President and is aimed at the formation mechanism of the implementation of its broad competence. Conclusion. The status is determined by the Plenipotentiary Representative of the Head of State, different legal diversity, it requires legislative harmonization and improvement of law enforcement.

Governance and the Constitutional Process: Problems of Interaction and Mutual Influence

The form of government as one of the three characteristics of the structure of the state, determined by the method of formation of the public authorities. The classic formula defines a republic as a form of government in which the supreme authorities elected or formed a national representative institution. Depending on the procedure of formation of executive power and the place of the President (Head of State) in the government distinguished presidential, parliamentary and semi-presidential republic, in which the law or in fact the president is always a chief executive or a part of it. At the same time the fundamental principles governing the system of state power and the place of its president, is the principle of separation of powers and independence of authorities (Art. 10 The Constitution of the Russian Federation), as well as the unity of state power (Pt. 3 of Art. 5 The Constitution of the Russian Federation). Methods. The methodological basis of research supports internally interconnected complex methods of knowledge: system-structural, functional, logical, historical. The basic general legal methods are comparative legal and formal-legal, allowing the author to explore the legal basis of the formal and the actual form of government in Russia, comparing the attributes of the Parliamentary, presidential and semi-presidential republic. Results. It is stated that at the present stage of development of the Russian state needs to shift from sverhprezidentskoy to parliamentary form of government with the relevant constitutional changes in law and practice.