Legal Problems of Interaction between the State and Political Parties in Modern Russia

Introduction. The article substantiates the judgment about the lack of regulation of the issue of interaction between the state and political parties: the law stipulates neither the principles nor the form, nor the order, nor the sphere of interaction of political parties with the state. There is no mechanism for taking into account and implementing the recommendations and proposals of political parties in the state management sphere, which makes it impossible for political parties to have a real impact on state policy. Meanwhile, the legislation on political parties contains the requirements for the establishment, activities of parties, as well as the system of state guarantees in the information, financial and other spheres.

The purpose is to justify the idea that one can speak of unilateral impact of the state on the parties rather than of parity interaction of the state and political parties.

Theoretical analysis. The legislative regulation of interaction between parties and the state is enshrined only in article 10 of the Federal law “On political parties” in the form of a ban on mutual influence on each other’s activities, which is clearly not enough for effective cooperation. Namely, it should be a condition for the full development of political and state-legal systems. The lack of clearly defined principles, forms and methods of interaction between the state and political parties led, firstly, to the state’s influence on political parties, primarily through the system of financial and information resources provided to the parties participating in the elections, and, secondly, to selective control over the activities of political parties, which leads to inequality of the actual situation of the latter.

Conclutions. The analysis of the Russian legislation has shown that the multidimensional goal of creation and activity of political parties in Russia cannot be realized, as political parties are in subordinate position when interacting with state, as there are no effective guarantees and mechanisms of influence on the state legal life.

To the Question of the Legal Status of People

Introduction. Stable development of Russia as a multinational democratic state requires consideration not only of the characteristics of a nation as a historical and cultural community of people living on the same territory, and the determination of its constitutional-legal status as a subject of Vlastnosti. Purpose. The main aim of this work is the justification of the legal personality of the people as the owner of statutory measures of behavior and participant regulated by legal norms of social relations. Results. The authors considered the scope and content of the exclusive constitutional legal status of the people as a special collective subject. Availability of generic legal capacity allows people not just to be a subject of law, and member of the constitutional legal. In this regard, are considered forms of realization of the constitutional legal status of the people within specific relationships, as well as indirectly, through various socio-political institutions. Conclusions. The authors come to the conclusion about the necessity of clarifying the constitutional-legal status of the people.