On the concept and legal means of ensuring sustainable urban development

Introduction. The concept of sustainable development continues to receive more and more support every year, both at the international and domestic levels. The main reason for its popularity is that this concept has become a qualitatively new strategy for social development, designed to balance the environmental, economic and social interests of a citizen, business, society and the state in the interests of both present and future generations. Theoretical analysis. The movement towards sustainable development of cities within the framework of the overall strategy for achieving the SDGs is ensured by the activities of public authorities and the public to best solve the social, economic and environmental problems of settlements, improve the comfort of life of citizens through the rational use of urban resources, eff ective urban planning, not exceeding the assimilation potential of urban ecosystems, for the benefi t of present and future generations. Results. At the moment, there is no definition of sustainable urban development in the Russian law, and therefore, there is no mechanism for implementing the tasks set in SDG No. 11, including the lack of a system of indicators in the country (social, economic, environmental and others) to assess the degree of achievement of the SDGs. Today we see only separate doctrinal and normative indicators of sustainable development of cities, reflecting only some aspects of the transition of cities to sustainable development (in terms of comfortable housing, etc.). In the scientific doctrine, the relationship between the concept of sustainable urban development and other (related) concepts of interaction between nature and society, including the concept of an eco-city and a “smart” city, is also extremely poorly studied. In this regard, the legal solution to this problem can be the development of the Concept of the transition of the Russian Federation to sustainable development, which includes a clear plan of legislative work, one of the sections of which should include measures to ensure the sustainable development of cities, as well as a number of stages of movement towards this goal and a system of indicators for evaluating these processes.

The Concept of Development of an Industrial Policy of the Saratov Area

In article conceptual bases of working out of an industrial policy of the Saratov area are considered. The author also proves necessity of realisation of a regional industrial policy by a program method.

Conceptual aspects of sustainable development of economic systems: Evolution of approaches and modern paradigm

Introduction. The relevance of scientific substantiation of approaches to sustainable development management is due to the need to take into account external changes and the development of conceptual provisions for the adaptation of economic systems. Theoretical analysis. The article summarizes the main approaches to the interpretation of the “sustainable development” concept. The evolution of economic thought and the historical transformation of views towards the study of sustainable development concerning various objects are considered. The scientific approaches and studies of leading foreign and domestic scientists are presented, which constituted the theoretical and methodological basis of the sustainable development concept. The essence of the category “sustainability of development” concerning economic systems is revealed. Empirical analysis. The economic, social and environmental substantiation of the sustainable development concept is given. The external and internal factors influencing the stability of economic systems are investigated. The stability of the system is considered through the prism of such interrelated system characteristics as controllability and adaptability. Results. The relevance of the application of an integrated approach to the study of the triad “society – economy – ecology” is shown. It is substantiated that the synergy of the main provisions of economic theory, conceptual principles of sustainable development, system analysis of the countries’ development determinants in the context of new global challenges and threats should underlie the strategic provision of sustainable development in the long term.

The Concept and Functions of State and Municipal Services

Introduction. Legal regulation of state and municipal services in the Russian Federation has its own characteristics and peculiarities, which also determines the specific character of these services. This paper presents a theoretical understanding of the principles of state and municipal services. This article presents a theoretical understanding of the concepts and functions of state and municipal services. Administrative reform as a necessary result of the implementation of its major events marked the achievement of high-quality organizational support of the implementation of title and enforcement functions of the state. Adoption of a series of priority to the provision of services by public authorities and local authorities citizens and businesses has become the most important novel in the direction of the state and municipal government.

Purpose. The main objective of the paper is due to the administrative reform, in addressing the problems arising in the delimitation of the concepts and functions of the organization and provision of state and municipal services.

Results. This article analyzes the concept and functions of the aforementioned services and to compare the different approaches authors with regards to this issue.

Conclusion. We believe that the state (municipal) services must be referred to the executive and administrative activities of the relevant authorities, and themselves state (municipal) services to the direct-providing entities related services. However, these definitions do not establish a clear distinction between these concept, which implies their specific identity, that when they practice or the provision could lead to varying interpretations.