Principles of Project Investment Method of Innovation Activity

Introduction. At present, the development of a modern economy of the country is impossible without investing in innovation. The role of innovation in the economy increases every day, and one investment project method and the basic methods of investment, which will help Russia to overcome all the new frontiers of economic development. Theoretical analysis. The article deals with the analysis and design method of investing innovation and detail all the principles of the method. Result. Based on the different perspectives of the authors about the project method and its investment principles identified strengths and weaknesses of this method. According to the results of the research project method investment innovation were identified strengths of this method and can say with full confidence that the use of the design method of investing in the Russian Federation will promote the growth of innovative activity in the country and boosting the economy of the country as a whole.

Marketing Strategy as a Factor of Transfers and Commercialization of Technologies

Introduction. The relevance of the problem of the transfer of intellectual property is determined by the feature of the present stage of scientific and technical progress. Under the technology transfer involve the transfer (sale, exchange) of knowledge in order to organ ize the production of competitive products conforming to market needs. Marketing support innovation enterprise is a basic condition for the successful implementation of intellectual property. In order to innovative technologies have led to economic success, it should be very attentive to the problems of formation and implementation of the marketing strategy of technology transfer centers in the Russian Federation. Theoretical analysis. The article discusses the theoretical basis of the formation of the marketing strategy of technology transfer centers in the Russian Federation, the necessity of their development. Results. Give the characteristic features and problems specific to the transfer and commercialization of innovative technologies in the modern world. The authors designed a mechanism for constructing marketing strategies of technology transfer centers. Conclusion. Transfer and commercialization of innovative technologies involves activation of a completely new strategic competences elements of innovation infrastructure.Thus, for the development of the national innovation system is necessary to increase the rate of transfer of innovative technologies, and these processes should be systematic.

Management of Limited Innovative Resources of the Industrial Concern Based on a Non-manipulable Support Mechanisms of the Decision-making

Introduction. One of the key factors of innovation activity of industrial concern in modern conditions is the use of information and cognitive technologies. As part of the author’s theory of economics active Connection have the opportunity to make effective management decisions for a balanced allocation of scarce resources, innovative industrial concern among enterprises, in its composition. Theoretical analysis. This article discusses some aspects of the balanced allocation of scarce resources, innovative industrial concern among enterprises. The author’s solution to this problem on the basis of non-manipulable mechanisms to support decision-making decision- makers. It is proved that under certain conditions, in particular when not transferable utility, optimal decision-making processes in economic systems must be sought in the class of non-manipulable mechanisms. It is shown that the current problem of the distribution of scarce resources well studied as a problem of individual decision- making, but in practice has not been studied from the point of view of the problem as a problem of collective manipulability and mixed decision-making, while the likes of her performances are highly relevant to modern practice under sanctions restrictions Russian industrial concerns on the part of the governments of the EU and the US. Results. The scientific concept of the balanced allocation of scarce resources, innovative industrial concern among its enterprises describes the overall technology adoption managerial decisions, formulate a mathematical model of the mechanism of decision-making decision-maker to industrial concerns and define conditions feasibility of non-manipulable mechanisms of planning, in particular, in a transferable utility. The evaluation of the developed decision support system based on a mathematical model of a balanced allocation of scarce resources among innovative enterprises in the framework of the application of non-manipulable planning mechanisms.

Study of Rail Transport on the Basis of Historical Time Series

Introduction. Significant territorial space of Russia Federation determined the special place of rail transport for the economic development of the country, so the bulk of the goods in the country is transported by rail. An important role in assessing the condition and prospects of development of rail transport plays an analysis of the historical time series of indicators of passenger and freight traffic. Methods. In this paper, using statistical and econometric methods analyzed historical time series of indicators of passenger and freight railway transport for the period from 1956 to 2012 and presents a forecast for the period up to 2015. Results. The analysis showed the absence of a general trend in the historical time series of indicators of passenger and freight traffic. In such cases, to describe the trends may not apply analytical alignment and should use self-correcting recurrent patterns that characterize the time-varying, dynamic properties of a number of speakers, take into account the value of the previous levels, and provide an opportunity to get a fairly accurate predictions of future levels. Under the influence of the prevailing socio-economic conditions, the dynamics of the performance of rail transport in the forthcoming period will have moved in different directions: turnover in the forecast period is increase and pass-turnover is decrease.

Organization of Procurement Dairy Enterprises on the Market Raw Milk

Introduction. Under conditions of inelastic supply on the market of milk as raw material create dairy enterprises specialized structures transaction management becomes a question not only effective contractual interaction, and survival. Empirical analysis. The article proves that the specific investments made in the framework of these structures, can affect both the individual price and non- price parameters of milk as raw material and the conditions of their formation. Typically, processors create with farmers hybrid governance structure the transaction with such property, as the permeability of borders. Based on the analysis of this property, we have identified two characteristic is the depth of penetration of specific investments and the incidence of common functions down
«the value chain» within the boundaries of a farmer is allowed to justify the creation of three hybrid structures: a contractual warranty, basic and strategic partnership. Among the purchasers of the local processors are in a weak position due to the fact that the scope of contractual safeguards do not allow them to carry out a significant amount of specific investments in the farms. This factor creates inequality positions of different types of dairy enterprises on the market of milk as raw material. To data processors to improve the conditions of access to the resource base of households, we proposed the use of «stimulating factor», which is a premium to the purchase price of milk as raw material. Results. The mechanism of compensation of expenses of the regional budget to pay premium to the purchase price would allow local processors to increase purchases from significant farms.

Shaping to Concepts of the Life Cycle of the Manager to Corporations

Introduction. In accordance with the theory of the cycle all the world is subject to cyclical development. Is no exception management activities manager, which is also prone to cyclical fluctuations. Theoretical analysis. On the basis of generalization of the results of the theory of the cycle in the paper shows that the cyclical dynamics is an important factor in the management of activities and one of the determinants of its development, so the activity is subject to manager’s qualitative transformation and is seen as alternately repeated change of several qualities (stages). Discussion of results. The result of the analysis of the stages of the life cycle management becomes avoidance of the stage of “decline” and extend its life cycle. Thus, there is an objective need for the formation and operation in practice of the new concept of life cycle management.

The Formation Process of Transportation Planning in the Logistic

Introduction. The primary task of the transport service material flows within the country and within the framework of integration associations (Customs Union) is the delivery of goods to the consumer in accordance with the requirements of logistics. A violation of the practice of the time and cost of transportation, lack of coordination of logistics operations leads to contradictions between supply chain members, inability to provide normal conditions for the delivery of established values. One reason for this is the lack of theoretical and practical elaboration of the issues of coordinated planning areas of logistics activities of the participants of the supply chain and internal departments. The paper proposes a methodological recommendations on the formation of the basic model of the delimitation of competences in the strategic planning process at the levels of entrepreneurship in General and its spheres, based on the differentiation of goals and objectives for objects, functions, and elements of the logistics system. Empirical analysis. The planning process consists of a comprehensive analysis in two-dimensional space relationships strategies, functions, objects and logistics system based on the division of competencies, goals and objectives in the strategic fields of business: marketing, production, personnel, organization and financing. Discussion of the results. The result developed by the authors methodological recommendations is a proposal to use a two-dimensional matrix space activities for the implementation of the strategic planning process, aimed at the formation of a complex of actions for achieving the targets of the transport service.

System Analysis of Environmental Factors in the Operation of Logistics System

Introduction. The growing uncertainty of the business environment, increased business risks requires search methods and mechanisms of control destabilizing factors influencing the level of achievement of the purposes of the logistics system and the achievement of its resulting indicators within the established setting, which is particularly important to enhance the operation of complex systems. Theoretical analysis. During the operation of the logistics system should be achieved stability, efficiency and competitiveness of its most desirable state. The objective function of this process is to increase the strategic economic potential of the system, which in turn is the basis for sustainable optimal functioning logistics system in a constantly changing environment. Change of medium components can reduce the likelihood of achieving the established logistics system settings and requires the construction of a control system destabilizing factors and to develop a mechanism of adaptive their management. Logistics management process of neutralization of disturbances is a clear identification of signals of the environment and the development of adaptive control actions can reduce the negative impact on the resulting performance logistics system, improve the accuracy of prediction of its parameters and reduce the risks of industrial and economic activity. Results. The result of applying the proposed model adaptive control mechanism for environmental factors logistics system is to achieve the highest possible system performance predictability, instant tracking signal for possible changes and the development of true management actions to neutralize the destabilizing factors of the environment.

Theoretical Aspects of Development of Integrated Supply Chains in Trade

Introduction. Modern industry trade is characterized by a high degree of consolidation, as well as the growing share of modern retail formats. The establishment of an effective commodity sphere of trade on the basis of logistics, to meet the growing needs of the population, and the development of the ideology of integrated supply chains are particularly relevant. Theoretical analysis. The main types of logistics integration are an infrastructural, organizational and information, as well as social, financial, technological, physical (reorganization of logistics networks, spatial consolidation of logistics activities in the logistics distribution centers) and other types of logistics integration. The degree of integration is related to the volume of integrated information, the quality and speed of exchange of information flows, the harmonization of technical capabilities and processes. Each sector of the economy characterized by its own configuration of the supply chain, which is determined by the specifics of the upstream and downstream flows. A major role in the design of integrated supply chains plays a precise identification of upstream and downstream flows, indicating the quantitative characteristics. Results. Celebrated the union of all the existing infrastructure and the formation of their new common infrastructure based on integrated trading enterprise, whose main purpose is not only to make a profit, as any commercial enterprise, but also timely customer satisfaction. For the «start» mechanism of development of integrated supply chains in trade requires more organizational work related to the formation of the corresponding production, storage and trade infrastructure to «link» agricultural producers and trading companies, including the network.

Withholding of Competitive Advantage Dairy Enterprises at the Local Level

Introduction. Local (municipal and district) level is represented by the largest number of dairy companies to whom there is a problem retaining competitive advantage. Empirical analysis. The article proves that the dairy plant of this type can offer a combination of competitive advantages, appropriate conditions as the territory of the dislocation, and the presence of specific resources. To analyze the influence of the conditions of location dairy enterprise introduced the concept of «double effect of access» by which the detected difference in the effect of competitive forces – farms, suppliers and consumers. Multidirectional vector of these forces allows us to determine the influence of factors of heterogeneity and sluggishness of the local market to choose from a combination of competitive advantages. Empirical analysis of the dairy enterprises at this level showed that the best adaptation achieves enterprise operating in a deficit of raw milk and a large market sales, rather than vice versa. This company creates the optimal mechanism of transaction management with farms, suppliers and activities focuses on a combination of competitive advantages – the saturation range and low cost. Results. Dairy plant with a rich nomenclature usually develops broad functional abilities, looking for ways to isolate the power advantages, uses a strategy of «narrow differentiation», reaching on a background of rivals high economic results.