Analysis of the markets for intellectual goods and services dynamics development in Russian regions

Introduction. The development of science and technology in recent decades, the active introduction of innovations and ongoing technological changes have significantly influenced economic processes and led to the emergence of a post-industrial economic system with a predominance of the Quaternary knowledge-intensive sector of the economy. Theoretical analysis. The development of intellectual activity and the expansion of the intellectual production sphere change the quality of the economic system itself. In modern economy, the development of markets for intellectual goods and services leads to qualitative changes in traditional sectors of the economy, which makes it important to study their development dynamics. Еmpirical analysis. Based on empirical data from 85 Russian regions for 2014–2021, an integral indicator of the development level of regional markets for intellectual goods and services was calculated using nine indicators that characterize the most large-scale knowledge-intensive sectors of knowledge generation in regional economies: educational services, innovations and information technologies. Results. The dynamics of the development of regional markets for intellectual goods and services as a whole is determined, and the unevenness of their development and a high degree of differentiation are revealed. The “disconnection” of regions with a high level of development of knowledge-intensive sectors from each other hinders the formation of an even innovation space and the spread of a high-tech way of life, the effective transfer of knowledge, technology, information and economic growth in general. Conclusion. The results of the study can be used to analyze changes in the educational services market, when conducting research on the innovative and informational development of regions, predicting qualitative and quantitative trends in the development of markets for intellectual goods and services.

Development of Russian precious metals sales planning under the conditions of macroeconomic and geopolitical instability

Introduction. Under the influence of external limitations, Russian precious metals market faced new threats and challenges. Metallurgical companies have been forced to re-engineer aff ected business processes. One of the main tasks is to reassess their approach to sales planning. Theoretical analysis. High market volatility triggered by increased macroeconomic and geopolitical risks causes price bubbles. Bubbles have a negative impact on the market because they produce serious deviations from fundamental levels. There is a defi nite connection between negative news and bubbles growth. Empirical analysis. Precious metal prices showed high volatility in 2022. The analysis revealed at least one palladium price bubble formed during March. In the face of increased uncertainty, the main sales objective was to sell as much of the production as possible, which most metallurgical companies have coped with. Results. In order to develop sales planning under constraints, a combined approach is proposed that gives minimal deviations from average prices and reduces bubble probability. It is worth using econometric models for the early identifi cation of price deviations from its fundamentals. It is necessary to encourage the regional trading hubs of precious metals.

Digital technologies in the sphere of health care as a way to ensure the quality of human capital

Introduction. The article considers the relevance of the digital technologies introduction in healthcare organizations, accelerated by the coronavirus pandemic. The purpose of the publication is to clarify the role of digital technologies in the healthcare sector for solving applied problems and ensuring the quality of human capital as a factor of the sustainable development of the economy. Theoretical analysis. A review of Russian and foreign publications on the subject of digitalization in the field of healthcare is given. The problems of digital health are highlighted. The directions for the introduction of digital technologies in the domestic healthcare system based on the technologies of mobile healthcare, electronic medical records, medical analytics, telemedicine, and artificial intelligence systems are presented. The study is based on the analysis of statistical data on the federal districts of Russia. Results. The results of the study made it possible to identify the limiting factors for the introduction of digital technologies in healthcare organizations in Russia, to clarify the importance of digital technologies for ensuring the quality of human capital. Conclusions. The results and conclusions of the article can become a theoretical platform for further research to advance healthcare towards the implementation of the digital maturity model and the widespread use of digital technologies for the provision of medical care and services in the healthcare system.

International Experience of Public-Private Partnerships for Development Investment of Innovation

The review of international experience organizing public-private partnerships in the development of investment processes of innovation are made in this article. It focuses on key trends in this area, analyzed the basic tools and support mechanisms for innovation in PPP projects in developed countries and their actual using in Russia, stated the key areas of decision development problems of public-private partnership in the area of innovation.

About Passage to the Principle of Effective Budgeting in Russia

The article is devoted to the budgetary reform in Russia. The author is examined questions of passage to the medium-term budget planning, shaping of state (municipal) job for the noncommercial establishments, realignment of the network of public institutions, formation of program budget. For example to Saratov region and the city of Saratov are given the positive aspects of the conducted changes in the budgetary sphere and their problematic moments.

Modeling of Spatial Distribution of Trading Networks

In this paper we consider the problem of regression analysis of spatial data on an example of trading networks in the city of Saratov are considered, using the law of retail gravitation.

Methodological Aspects of Strategic Management Engineering

In this ar ticle necessit y of strategic management branch developments is proved. Methodological aspects of strategic management of mechanic al engineering are c onsidered. The basic directions and elements of strategic management of development of the mach i n e- bui l di ng c o mplex ar e represented.

The Improvement of Public Requirements Satisfaction Management in Conditions of Information Economy

The author defines the characteristics of public requirements satisfac- tion process in modern conditions of information economy. The factors (managerial risks) preventing the achievement of public purchases process and its result quality on different stages of purchasing cycle are revealed. It is pointed out to the necessity of modern public purchases institutional model optimization on the basis of federal contract system. Тhe article shows the mechanism of public purchases management efficiency rise.

Experience the System of Territorial Public Self-Government in the Volgograd Region

In this article are discussed questions of the practical realization in the Volgograd region a new self-government form – territorial public self-government. There was described a positive experience of the region, that prove its viability. The reigning feature of projects under development in the region is implementation of a distant interactive government and administration under administrative-civil partnership. 

Spatial Analysis of Socio-Economic Development of Municipalities in the Region

Improving the system of indicators for an objective assessment of spatial heterogeneity of socio- economic development of municipalities is the subject of discussion in this article. It is proposed to use the geoinformational system (GIS) and simple and complex ranking cartograms (thematic maps) as a means assessment of spatial socio-economic and natural resource asymmetry in the region. The implementation of geoinformational approach to the evaluation of intra-regional heterogeneity provide an effective system of diagnosis and prediction of competitiveness, sustainability and security of municipal development in the region.