закон

Protection of Human Rights in the Activities of Legislative (Representative) Bodies of State Power of Subjects of the Russian Federation

Introduction. Protection of rights and freedoms is one of the most important activities of legislative (representative) bodies of state power of subjects of the Russian Federation. Theoretical analysis. The paper analyzes constitutional legal regulation of the rights and freedoms in the activity of legislative (representative) bodies of state power of subjects of the Russian Federation. In the Russian Federation rights and freedoms of man and citizen are recognized and guaranteed on the basis of the principle of equality under the universally recognized principles and norms of international law and in accordance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation. The author comes to the conclusion about the necessity of compliance with national and international standards in adopting laws of subjects of the Russian Federation governing the implementation and protection of the rights and freedoms of man and citizen. Results. On the basis of the conducted analysis, the substantiates the necessity of compliance with the Constitution of the Russian Federation in legislative activity of regional parliaments in the adoption of legal acts with the aim of preventing restrictions of human rights.

Sexual and Reproductive Rights and Freedoms in the Constitutions and Legislation of Foreign States

Introduction. The United Nations and the World Health Organization are completing the formation of an international system of sexual and reproductive rights and freedoms, carrying out the implementation provisions of this system into national law. The ongoing process obeys to a number of general rules, whose analysis is carried out in this article. Object. Universal patterns in the development of sexual and reproductive rights and freedoms, using as illustrations of this development the constitutions and the laws of India, Switzerland and Gabon. Results. The author analyzes the constitutional establishment and regulation of sexual and reproductive rights and freedoms in the studied countries. The studied countries are located at different stages of the process of achieving the highest possible level of compliance and protection of sexual and reproductive rights and freedoms. Conclusion. The process of achieving the highest possible level of compliance and the protection of sexual and reproductive rights and freedoms proceeds inductively. The article presents a model of this process.