университет

Indicators of the Regional Systems of Higher Education Efficiency Evaluation

Introduction. The search for effective models of higher education development necessitates the development of approaches and indicators for assessing the activities of regional higher education systems. The aim of the study is to develop methodological foundations and approaches to assessing the effectiveness of regional higher education systems by identifying indicators for a comprehensive assessment of current trends in their development, their implementation of their functions and their socio-economic effectiveness in order to develop recommendations for improving the effectiveness of the higher education system in Russia. Theoretical analysis. The effectiveness of the regional higher education system is evaluated on the basis of its functioning results, which are expressed in the implementation of educational, research and social functions. An urgent vector for the development of this problem is the development of a list of indicators that should, on the one hand, be accessible from available sources and quantitatively measurable, and on the other hand should reflect the contribution of regional higher education systems to regional development and evaluate their effectiveness in the context of involvement in regional development. Empirical analysis. Performance indicators should, accordingly, provide an opportunity to evaluate such results. The system of indicators for assessing the effectiveness of regional higher education systems is presented from the perspective of the functional aspect in terms of input and output resources. Results. The development of methods for assessing the effectiveness of the regional innovation system and the contribution of universities to regional development on the basis of the indicators considered will allow us to study various aspects of regional universities’ activities, creating tools for assessing their potential in promoting regional economic development.

ПРИМЕНЕНИЕ МУЛЬТИПЛИКАТИВНЫХ ЗАВИСИМОСТЕЙ В АНАЛИЗЕ ВКЛАДА УНИВЕРСИТЕТА В ЭКОНОМИЧЕСКОЕ РАЗВИТИЕ РЕГИОНА

Введение. Определение вклада университета в экономическое развитие региона необходимо для стимулирования инноваци- онной деятельности, реализуемой университетами, а также для осуществления государственного регулирования деятельности университетов, что требует более глубокого анализа иннова- ционной активности региональных университетов. Развитие инновационной экономики и постоянный мониторинг инноваци- онной активности региональных организаций требует комплекс- ного подхода, применения математических и инструментальных средств анализа. Методы. В статье предложен комплексный подход к решению проблемы оценивания вклада университетов в экономическое развитие региона. Выполнен анализ связи до- ходов университета с его ресурсной базой и построена мульти- пликативная модель зависимости от формирующих эти доходы показателей. Предметом исследования являются индикаторные и функциональные модели, позволяющие оценить вклад уни- верситетов в региональное инновационное развитие. Разрабо- тан экономико-математический инструментарий для анализа и оценивания вклада университета в экономическое развитие региона. Результаты. Проведены вычислительные экспери- менты по данным Росстата на примере Астраханской области. Рассмотрены важные показатели деятельности вузов, произве- дено структурное и кластерное деление показателей. Выявлены зависимости результативного показателя (доходы вузов) от фор- мирующих их факторов. Рекомендации могут применяться для рационализации финансирования инноваций, способствующих повышению качества экономического развития регионов за счет влияния университетов.

Problematic Issues of Academic Engagement Between Universities and Business

Introduction. National research universities in addition to the functions of education, research, play an integrating role within the ecosystem of innovation, participating in the process of business development. Paramount importance of academic cooperation between universities and enterprises. Theoretical analysis. In the article the problematic issues of academic cooperation between universities and business associated with his assessment: lack of longitudinal information, the validity and comparability of study results is limited. Discussion of results. the Result of research conducted by the author are the proposals to strengthen the study of the process of academic engagement, examine its implications, institutional aspects. Conclusion. Further study of problematic issues of academic cooperation will allow to draw conclusions about which forms to promote and under what conditions they can achieve further academic or economic goals.

Academic Value Added in the Evaluation of the Effectiveness of the University

Introduction. Increased interest in the performance of education systems in terms of strengthening the transparency for the state and society form the new tools for assessing the effectiveness based on the concept of the academic added value. Each educational system or institution can be evaluate from the point of view of efficiency of money spent by the state and the quality and scope of knowledge and skills of its graduates. Theoretical analysis. The academic added value can serve as a tool to assess the degree of improvement / strengthening of knowledge, skills and abilities of students in the learning period, the extent of giving them opportunities of critical thinking and reflection on current events and changes, and the ability to learn throughout life. Empirical analysis. Obtained on the basis of academic value-added results provide an opportunity to compare the quality of educational institutions, with different levels of the student body. Results. Academic added value concept reflects the influence of external factors, often not related to the educational process, the level of educational achievements of students, raising more serious questions about the availability and quality of education as a whole, rather than its effectiveness, and makes research in the field of education to move to the assessment of learning outcomes, rather than inputs (especially such as funding and the professional level of the teaching staff).

Approaches to the Methodology for Assessing the Contribution of the University in the Innovative Development of the Region

Introduction. Strengthening the role of universities in regional development is determined by the relevance of the studies to identify the direction of the impact of the university on the region, as well as to assess how effective are the results of the impact of regional development.

Theoretical analysis. To identify and assess the role of universities in regional development in the foreign studies used different models to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the contribution of universities to social and economic development of the regions and innovative.

Methodology of the study. The development of a methodology for assessing the contribution of the university in the innovative development of the region involves determining approaches to setting trends, the degree of time and the impact of changes in the environment of the object of its operation. Evaluation of the contribution of the university in the innovative development of the region – an assessment of the impact of its dynamics on change in the functional structure of the region.

Results. Rate the university’s contribution to the innovative development of the region on a functional approach proposed by the following parameters: the presence of knowledge economy in the functional structure of the regional economy; its share, the nature of the interactions functionally organized units of the regional economy, the presence/absence of innovation rents; the level of innovative competitiveness of the regional economy. Drafted assessment will determine the presence and nature of the contribution (positive/negative effect) University in the innovative development of the region.

Cognitive Modeling the Impact of a Regional System of Higher Education in the Innovative Development of the Region

Introduction. To find the most effective management tools for interaction of regional higher education and regional innovation system to analyze their mutual influence through cognitive analysis. Theoretical analysis. To assess the role of regional institutions of higher education in regional development in the foreign studies used different models to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the contribution of universities to social and economic innovative development of the region. Empirical analysis. It is obvious that the education system and innovation system linked at the regional level. To construct the initial cognitive map, a model that reflects the current state of the education system and the regional innovation system and their influence on the innovative development of the region, used indicators of educational activities, research and innovation, human resource development, international activities, infrastructure, employment of university graduates, financial indicators. Results. Tools cognitive modeling can simulate the effects of decisions made on the interaction of all the actors of the regional innovation system: government, science and business at the regional level, and lays the foundation for the efficient use of the capacity of higher education institutions in promoting opportunities to promote regional development.

Universities Impact on Innovative Development of Regions: an Empirical Analysis

Introduction. In recent decades, questions the impact of universities on regional economic development and the search for the most effective mechanisms and instruments of cooperation of universities and regions attracts more and more attention from researchers and practitioners. Methodology of the study. In this article it was set the goal – to study the influence of Russian universities in the innovative development of the regions. To assess the impact of universities on the performance of innovative development of regions were used statistical data of Federal service of state statistics for 2010–2013. The factors characterizing the influence of the university, was chosen set of statistically observable on the financial performance of national research universities. To assess the level of innovation development of the region was used the method of integral rating analysis of innovative activity and knowledge production function model. Results. Analysis of the correlation of the analyzed regions of the Russian Federation shows significant differentiation parameters and dynamics influence the activities of national research universities in the innovative development of the region. By increasing the amount of funds they have received R & D contracts with businesses in relation to their total revenues to 1 million rubles, the level of innovation development of the region will increase by 4.8499 units, which indicates good prospects for the development of regions with the active collaboration of universities and business.

The Role of Public Authorities in the Organization of Innovative Activity in the Saratov Region

Introduction. The tactical objective of the authorities in the field of innovation is the formation of a favorable environment, as «umbrella» over innovation. Theoretical analysis. The article analyzes the activities of executive authorities in the Saratov region, responsible for taking initiatives in innovation, and algorithmic activities of the government of the Saratov region on the creation of favourable innovation climate and innovation infrastructure. Empirical analysis. The mechanisms of influence of the Ministry of industry and energy of the Saratov region, the Ministry of economic development and investment policy, regional Venture Fund and Business incubator for innovative activity in the region analyzed. Discussion of the results. There is support of key state agencies aimed at stimulating innovation activity, commercialization of new inventions, their introduction into production in the Saratov region. Powerful university complex with regional bodies has a direct impact on the development of innovative activities in the region. However, weak industry, the lack of competitive enterprises in a modern technological basis, the bankruptcy of many industrial enterprises, the burden of excessive taxes, high tariffs, lack of investment programs reinforce is negative trends. It requires the review of all innovation, investment and industrial policy in the Saratov region, its adjustment towards the creation of favorable conditions for development of innovative activity.

The Influence of the University of Small Innovative Enterprises on Regional Development

Introduction. The urgency of studying of the problems of correlation of regional development and Genesis of small innovative enterprises at universities is due to the strengthening of innovative orientation of national economic development. Theoretical analysis. The article considers the small innovative enterprises, which are one of the leading forms of commercialization of results of research activities of higher education institutions. The article presents the stages of development of business initiatives at the state universities of Russia. The article reveals the features of the small innovative enterprises at universities in innovative development of the region and the country. Empirical analysis. To determine the impact of small innovative enterprises on the development of the Volga Federal district built an econometric model. This model defines the dependence of the growth rate of the gross regional product of the values of indicators such as the number of staff employed in scientific research and development the costs of research and development, used advanced production technologies, the number of small innovative enterprises. Conclution. Although small innovative business in universities is an important part of the modernization of the region and of the Russian economy and plays a leading role in the implementation of University innovations, formation of intellectual elite of the region, the involvement of students in the business, its influence on the development of the region is not so clear and not immediately be accompanied by the positive effect. It depends primarily on how well-developed innovation infrastructure of each region, and what is taking innovative measures.

The «Triple Helix» in the Innovation System Saratov Region – Interaction and Disadvantages of Functioning

Introduction. The article deals with the content of theories of «Triple Helix», developed by Western scholars at the beginning of the XXI century, the essence of which is the need for innovative interaction of three driving forces of the modern economy – the university community, industry and the public authorities, and analyzes the practical aspects of this interaction in the Saratov region, shows the advantages and disadvantages of the relationship between data elements. Theoretical analysis. Consideration of the interaction between the elements of the «Triple Helix» involves the use of methods of scientific research. These methods include systemic, complex, statistical methods, analysis and synthesis of the object, the use of special methods of research (interview data). Empirical analysis. In an innovative collaboration at the regional level, considering the possibility of capitalization available cash of material and financial resources of the region and it is shown that in the Saratov region to implement such a capitalization problematic due to the high credit debt in the region. Results. In conclusion, it is concluded that much of the functioning of the «Triple Helix» depends on the activities of the regional public authorities, which must implement appropriate economic policies to increase the capitalization of the available material and educational resources in the Saratov region, to prevent the «brain drain» from the region, to create favorable conditions for the implementation of innovations most gifted students, the scientific community and innovative businesses

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