Retrospective Analysis of the Region’s Development Based on the Input-Output Balance Methodology

Introduction. The use of the inter-sectoral balance methodology expands the possibilities of the region’s economy retrospective analysis and thus contributes to the strategy improvement and increases the reliability degree of the socio-economic development forecasts. The planned economy and the market economy are characterized by a variety of General indicators in the regions’ development. The total social product, produced and used national income (net product) served for the first economy, while the gross regional product served for the second. These indicators are not comparable by themselves. Theoretical analysis. The article attempts to extend the period of retrospective analysis by developing an original method of ensuring the comparability of the generalizing indicators in the two periods. Empirical analysis. The materials of the reporting and planned dynamic inter-sectoral balances of the planned and market economies are used to expand the analysis significantly and thereby improve the base of forecasting and strategic management of the regional economy. Results. It is concluded that the category of regional product’s reproductive potential can be used as a tool of macroeconomic analysis. Its essence is determined by the region’s ability to produce, convert and consume regional intermediate and final product. The transition for the regional product from one system to another as a result of the developed equality and inequality in the system of balance of the national economy and the system of national accounts was carried out. The basis of the research is the inequality of the total social product and the national economic turnover and the equality of the economic turnover to the regional economy product.

Factors Affecting the Innovative Development of the Region

Introduction. The problems of determining the composition of the factors influencing the innovative development of the region, the methodologies for measuring this influence and the development of tools for its evaluation are relevant in the context of developing potential mechanisms for stimulating regional innovation activity in modern conditions. Theoretical analysis. To study the sources of the difference in the level of innovative development in the region, an analysis of the regional factors affecting it is carried out and the directions for studying these factors are determined. Empirical analysis. The mechanism of influence of regional factors on the innovative development of the region, such as R&D staff, the industrial specifics of the region, urbanization, the sectoral structure of the economy, the structure and quality of human capital, research institutes, financial resources, the attractiveness of the region in terms of a set of living conditions business, as well as the interaction of the actors of the innovation system, the “innovation environment” and partnerships. Results. Evaluation of the effectiveness of innovative development requires the development of special indicators and indicators, a system of quantitative and qualitative indicators that characterize innovation development, and the approaches presented to the selection of factors of influence on the innovative development of the region can be used as a basis for further analysis and development of models for assessing the effectiveness of regional innovation development.

Quality of Investment as a Factor of Reproductive Potential and Competitiveness of the Region

Introduction. Further successful development of the Russian regions should be based on the strategy of modernization. Identification of the main problems of economic development of regions, especially investment, should be an important stage in the construction of this strategy. The methodology and results of the study is analysis of the extent and dynamics of indicators of investment activity in the regions, as well as the assessment of the level and quality of the use of the most important elements of their reproductive capacity required in determining the degree of implementation of the strategy of modernization. Theoretical analysis. The process for determining the effectiveness of investment activity at the regional level offered, and the rating of regions of the Russian Federation on key indicators of return on investment is made. Discussion of the results. The study found that some regions, occupying relatively high positions in the main macroeconomic indicators of gross product, have a number of problems in its investment development. Obstacle to the modernization of the economy of the Russian regions is their under- investment. As a guide the long-term development must be put as a goal to achieve and exceed the national average values. Also some measures the effective implementation of the reproductive potential of the regions offered.