логистическая система

Portfolio Analysis Technologies in the Logistics System

Introduction. The modern functioning of logistics systems, which is characterized by high demands for increasing efficiency, saving resources, reducing the costs of product distribution, confirms the relevance of the competitiveness of enterprises through the use of advanced resource management technologies. Theoretical analysis. The article presents a theoretical analysis of the portfolio method of researching technologies that are used in the implementation of logistics operations and functions in an enterprise, and also describes in detail the stages and features of the construction of matrices of portfolio analysis technology. Scientists’ views on the use of portfolio analysis are summarized, and the advantagesof portfolio analysis of technologies in enterprises integrated into logistics systems are revealed. Results. According to the results of the study, problematic issues of constructing portfolio technology matrices were identified, criteria for technological attractiveness and resource endowment were formulated, which allow to develop effective strategies for improving the competitiveness of enterprises when performing logistic operations and functions.

Formation of Cross-functional Logistics Coordination Through the Use of the Principles of System Analysis

Introduction. The main task of cross-functional and interorganizational logistics coordination in the implementation of flow control is to reduce the time required to perform the full logistics cycle. The emergence of the lack of coordination in the implementation of cross-functional and inter-organizational logistics coordination leads to violation of terms of delivery and increase downtime. The reason for this lies in the lack of elaboration of theoretical and practical issues of coordination of actions of participants of logistic processes as at the enterprise level (cross-functional level) and at the level of the supply chain (inter-organizational level). The article presents the guidelines for the implementation of the design and functioning of cross-functional and inter-organizational logistics coordination, based on a differentiated approach to the analysis of the logistics system of the global economy. Empirical analysis. The process of constructing the model coordinate the flow of logistics system of the global economy is based on the delimitation of monitoring processes, goals, objectives, coordination activities on three levels: the macro-level (Macro-HP/country), meso-level (meso-HP/supply chain), the micro-level (Micro-HP/ enterprise). Discussion of results. The result developed by the authors of guidelines is to provide flow control using a model of logistic system of the global economy, reducing the time required to carry out coordination activities on cross-functional, and the inter-organizational levels.

Evaluation and Selection of Options Logistics Development Given the Uncertainty

Introduction. At the moment when, any activity carried out under conditions of risk and systematically growing uncertainty, consideration of alternatives evaluation of logistics systems becomes a priority, which determines the objective necessity of search tools and algorithms implementation process make effective management decisions aimed at the development of the system in line with the target settings. Theoretical analysis. The uncertainty of the environment is manifested in its ability to be in one of a plurality of different states, as determined by destabilizing factors influencing parameters and status logistics system. Posed problems can be solved with the help of game theory, tools which allow you to select options for rational solutions and ways of development that is aimed at the realization of the growth potential of the logistics system and the achievement of its target plants. The criteria by which selected decisions under uncertainty, depends on the degree of uncertainty of information about the environment. Results. The result of the proposed algorithm select the option to develop the logistics system is the choice of the optimal strategy under uncertainty using the criteria of Laplace, Savage, Hurwitz Wald and evaluating various aspects of the effectiveness of management decisions in the most satisfying real conditions.

The Formation Process of Transportation Planning in the Logistic

Introduction. The primary task of the transport service material flows within the country and within the framework of integration associations (Customs Union) is the delivery of goods to the consumer in accordance with the requirements of logistics. A violation of the practice of the time and cost of transportation, lack of coordination of logistics operations leads to contradictions between supply chain members, inability to provide normal conditions for the delivery of established values. One reason for this is the lack of theoretical and practical elaboration of the issues of coordinated planning areas of logistics activities of the participants of the supply chain and internal departments. The paper proposes a methodological recommendations on the formation of the basic model of the delimitation of competences in the strategic planning process at the levels of entrepreneurship in General and its spheres, based on the differentiation of goals and objectives for objects, functions, and elements of the logistics system. Empirical analysis. The planning process consists of a comprehensive analysis in two-dimensional space relationships strategies, functions, objects and logistics system based on the division of competencies, goals and objectives in the strategic fields of business: marketing, production, personnel, organization and financing. Discussion of the results. The result developed by the authors methodological recommendations is a proposal to use a two-dimensional matrix space activities for the implementation of the strategic planning process, aimed at the formation of a complex of actions for achieving the targets of the transport service.

Logistics Oriented Aspects of Control Mechanism Achieving the Objectives of Logistics System

Introduction. Currently, any activity subject to the destabilizing effect of environmental factors, which reduces the competitiveness, efficiency of business processes and thus achieve planned results of the corresponding goal. Solving this problem requires a search for new tools, methods, process control mechanisms achievement using logistics-oriented concepts that produce a variety of reasons: the need to optimize the management of flows of resources, minimizing costs and risks, improve efficiency and adaptability of activities to environmental change. Theoretical analysis. To obtain the most effective results of operations of the logistics system due to multi- dimensional, multi-dimensionality and complexity of the process control system goals, you need to develop a mechanism for managing this process with the application of the concept of node interference in managing the flow of resources, which is to control actions on the nodes of intersection of the main resource flows drugs to achieve maximum economic benefit from the economic activity and the release of logistical capacity. Results. The result of applying the concept of nodal impacts is optimizing the time and cost of managing flows of resources, risk production and business activities, the maximum adaptation logistics system to environmental changes. Authors’ model of process control mechanism to achieve the goals of drugs based on the concept of nodal actions will achieve the maximum degree of realization of the set goals, improving the competitiveness and efficiency of the overall system by optimizing the process of finding the resources to achieve the goals of the system.

МОДЕЛИРОВАНИЕ ОПТИМАЛЬНОГО ФУНКЦИОНИРОВАНИЯ ПРОИЗВОДСТВЕННО-СБЫТОВОЙ ДЕЯТЕЛЬНОСТИ ЛОГИСТИЧЕСКОЙ СИСТЕМЫ

Введение. В современных условиях хозяйствования, когда деятельность субъектов осуществляется в условиях риска и систематически растущей неопределенности, рассмотрение вопросов оптимального управления производственно-сбытовой деятельностью с использованием концептуальных основ логистики становится первоочередной задачей в процессе функционирования сложных систем и принятии управленческих решений. Теоретический анализ. Для повышения эффективности функционирования производственно-сбытовой деятельности (ПСД) хозяйствующих субъектов необходимо учитывать ее свойства, а именно: целостность, сложность иерархической структуры, сложные информационные процессы, множественность целей, динамичность процессов, многофункциональность, инерционность. Логистическое управление ПСД предполагает оптимизацию ее структуры, построение эффективных коммуникаций между ее элементами и внешней средой, оптимизацию всех бизнес-процессов в рамках соответствующей деятельности с целью минимизации затрат, сведения к минимуму коммерческих рисков и учет всей совокупности факторов в управляемой системе, способных оказывать существенное влияние на функционирование всех системных процессов. Результаты. Результатом применения предложенной модели управления производственно-сбытовой деятельностью логистической системы является достижение производственно-технологической, финансово-экономической, социально-экологической и информационно-организационной эффективности, что приведет к повышению конкурентоспособности логистической системы в целом.

МОДЕЛЬ СОВЕРШЕНСТВОВАНИЯ УПРАВЛЕНИЯ ПОТОКОВЫМИ ПРОЦЕССАМИ В ИНТЕГРИРОВАННЫХ СЕРВИСНЫХ КОМПЛЕКСАХ

Введение. Применение интегрированной парадигмы логистики позволяет сформировать единую логистическую систему управления сервисными комплексами социально-культурной сферы. Теоретический анализ. Регулирование сервисного потока как интегратора финансового, материального, информационного потоков целесообразно рассматривать как единое целое – интегрированную систему, реализующую цели бизнеса от поставщика до конечного потребителя Результаты. Модель обеспечивает синхронизацию информационных, финансовых, материальных потоков путем определения характерных весо- вых категорий, фрагментаций и логистических барьеров. Выводы. Интегрированная система регулирования и контроля потоковых процессов осуществляется при помощи экономико- математической модели динамичной комбинации рынок – потребитель – услуга, что способствует формированию устой- чивых сервисных потоков, обеспечивая высокое качество и адаптивность оказываемых услуг.