инвестиции

To the Question of the Interrelation of the Monetary Factors of Investment Demand and Efficiency of the Economy

Introduction. The shocks that occurred in 2014 in the country’s financial markets, which gave rise to the current crisis, led to an understanding of the decisive role of financial sector behavior in determining economic dynamics. Economic policy, long held in our country, only nominally having the right strategic goals, caused stagnation at the expense of the means by which it was implemented. The chosen model led to the collapse of production, a decrease in the efficiency of the economy, significant economic losses and additional expenses of the state to mitigate the negative consequences of economic dynamics. Theoretical analysis. The research methodology is based on the principles of system analysis. Empirical analysis. During the research, statistical, correlation and factor analysis were used; empirical-theoretical, comparative, research methods, the method of synthesis of theoretical and practical material. Results. The study confirms that in order to ensure the sustainable development of investment relations, monetary stimulation of investment demand and the formation of an effective state economic policy to stimulate investment are necessary.

МЕХАНИЗМ ВЗАИМОДЕЙСТВИЯ СОБСТВЕННОСТИ И ИНВЕСТИЦИЙ В СОВРЕМЕННОЙ РОССИИ

Введение. Теоретически и практически важно изучение взаимодействия отношений собственности и инвестирования, поскольку от этого зависит реальная эффективность развития экономики России. В статье рассматриваются несколько видов механизмов взаимодействия собственности и инвестиций. Теоретический анализ. Механизмы взаимодействия собственности и инвестиций существуют в различных видах и фор- мах, что обусловливает необходимость их изучения в рамках экономической теории. Также важно при изучении механизмов взаимодействия собственности и инвестиций использовать в теории проблему инновационного времени. Инновационный механизм взаимодействия собственности и инвестиций может сформироваться только тогда, ког- да инновационное время станет мерилом успеха страны в целом. Наличие множества экономических механизмов взаимодействия собственности и инвестиций позволяет относиться избирательно к их применению, находить критерии эффективности приме- нения таких механизмов с учетом реальной хозяйственной деятельности в различных регионах. Обсуждение результатов. В современной России особое значение име- ет инновационный механизм взаимодействия собственности и инвестиций. При этом у данного механизма имеются серьезные препятствия в реализации как со стороны адми- нистративных барьеров (в виде коррупции), так и обусловленные неравномерностью ин- вестиционной привлекательности в регионах. Управление регионом практически важно для реализации этого механизма взаимодействия и решения этих проблем. Выводы. Совокупность механизмов взаимодействия собственности и инвестиций в современной России становится реальностью при успешной реализации социального и экономиче- ского механизма такого взаимодействия. Для позитивного взаимодействия собственно- сти и инвестиций чрезвычайно важны социально-экономические интеграторы, которые позволяют объединять их в единое целое.

Century of Mobilization Development of the Russian Economy

Introduction. Researched sustainable secular trend of mobilization development of the Russian economy since the beginning of the First World War in 1914. Theoretical analysis. Outlines the main theoretical and methodological assumptions put forward scientific hypotheses: the mobilization of the economy as a result of government entrepreneurship, limiting the share of consumption and increase the share of savings in the structure of gross product of the country. Dynamics of the statistical indicators of the mobilization of the Russian economy – a share of consumption and accumulating in the national income, a share of consumption and a saving in gross domestic product – on chronologically consecutive historical intervals is analyzed. Results. Consecutive alternation within century of three models of the Russian economy speaks: the military mobilization, investment mobilization and rent-mobilization. It is proved that the trajectory of mobilization development of the economy of Russia/ USSR was caused by its semi-peripheral status in the international division of labor, and the vector of government entrepreneurship was determined by the intention of the ruling power to enter the group of advanced countries. Conclusions. The estimation of rent-mobilization model of the modern economy of Russia as the abnormal condition typical for the peripheral countries is given.

Moral Component of Economic Consciousness and its Role in New Industrialization of Russia

The maintenance of national security and the
implementation of a strategic course for innovative development in
conditions of economic sanctions by the Western countries and the
need to raise the issue of new industrialization of import substitution
(reindustializacii). Implementation of the strategy requires action on
the reindustrialization of the financial resources of the innovation
process, affecting the economic interests of the subjects, moral
norms and the principles of economic consciousness. Methods.
The study uses treatment of concepts in the scientific literature, the
dialectic of the General and specific, multidisciplinary and production
approaches. Theoretical analysis. The article examines the
role of ethical-moral component of economic consciousness in new
industrialization strategy. Emphasizes the importance of moral and
ethical values and attitudes of entrepreneurs in making decisions on
the use of the proceeds-or for the development and modernization
of production, or for personal enrichment and export capital abroad.

Results. The level of morality of real proprietors of the national wealth
in Russia, financial oligarchy allows you to use the power of the State
not to invest in innovation, and in their own interests through corruption,
lobbying, development and adoption of the State budget and
other economic and political decision-making. From the entrepreneurs
observed deformation of ethical principles and standards of conduct,
which is manifested in violations of labour standards. Approach to
addressing violations of morality must be a system, and legislative,
economic, and psychological and ideological measures.

Quality of Investment as a Factor of Reproductive Potential and Competitiveness of the Region

Introduction. Further successful development of the Russian regions should be based on the strategy of modernization. Identification of the main problems of economic development of regions, especially investment, should be an important stage in the construction of this strategy. The methodology and results of the study is analysis of the extent and dynamics of indicators of investment activity in the regions, as well as the assessment of the level and quality of the use of the most important elements of their reproductive capacity required in determining the degree of implementation of the strategy of modernization. Theoretical analysis. The process for determining the effectiveness of investment activity at the regional level offered, and the rating of regions of the Russian Federation on key indicators of return on investment is made. Discussion of the results. The study found that some regions, occupying relatively high positions in the main macroeconomic indicators of gross product, have a number of problems in its investment development. Obstacle to the modernization of the economy of the Russian regions is their under- investment. As a guide the long-term development must be put as a goal to achieve and exceed the national average values. Also some measures the effective implementation of the reproductive potential of the regions offered.