Comparative analysis of university models by their innovation activity

Introduction. Universities play an important role in the formation and transfer of new knowledge, its application and commercialization, becoming centers of intellectual development, scientific discoveries and technological progress. Innovative activity is one of the key success factors for a university in the field of domestic higher education. This determines the relevance of considering the directions of universities innovative activity development, taking into account various models of innovative activity, stages of the universities’ life cycle and their functions. Theoretical analysis. The analysis of university models (1.0–4.0) was carried out and the methods for implementing innovations, as well as the expected results of innovative activity, were considered. Depending on the performance of a particular function by a university, different results of innovation activity arise depending on the level of the university’s innovative activity when performing each of these functions and stages of the life cycle. The directions of the university innovative activity development are analyzed depending on its life cycle stage and a comparative characteristic of the university’s models according to the innovative activity methods is carried out. Results. The key directions for the universities innovative activity development are presented, including strengthening ties with industry and organizations for joint research, development and new technologies implementation, creation of special programs and structures that support innovation, increasing financial support for innovative projects and initiatives, developing a culture of innovation and entrepreneurship.

Development of Russian precious metals sales planning under the conditions of macroeconomic and geopolitical instability

Introduction. The development of science and technology in recent decades, the active introduction of innovations and ongoing technological changes have significantly influenced economic processes and led to the emergence of a post-industrial economic system with a predominance of the Quaternary knowledge-intensive sector of the economy. Theoretical analysis. The development of intellectual activity and the expansion of the intellectual production sphere change the quality of the economic system itself. In modern economy, the development of markets for intellectual goods and services leads to qualitative changes in traditional sectors of the economy, which makes it important to study their development dynamics. Еmpirical analysis. Based on empirical data from 85 Russian regions for 2014–2021, an integral indicator of the development level of regional markets for intellectual goods and services was calculated using nine indicators that characterize the most large-scale knowledge-intensive sectors of knowledge generation in regional economies: educational services, innovations and information technologies. Results. The dynamics of the development of regional markets for intellectual goods and services as a whole is determined, and the unevenness of their development and a high degree of differentiation are revealed. The “disconnection” of regions with a high level of development of knowledge-intensive sectors from each other hinders the formation of an even innovation space and the spread of a high-tech way of life, the effective transfer of knowledge, technology, information and economic growth in general. Conclusion. The results of the study can be used to analyze changes in the educational services market, when conducting research on the innovative and informational development of regions, predicting qualitative and quantitative trends in the development of markets for intellectual goods and services.

Innovative Activity аs Legal Institution

In article modern problems of legal regulation of innovative activity in the Russian Federation are considered. The author proves the position according to which there are all necessary theoretical preconditions considering innovative activity as interbranch institution of the Russian law.

Economical Aspects of Innovative System Development at Mezolevel

The present article analyzes the systematic approach to the innovative activities organization. The special attention is paid to the development of regional innovative system.

Structure of Financing of Innovative Activity of the Enterprises of the Food-processing Industry in the Volgograd Region

In article the structure of financing of the enterprises of the foodprocessing industry in the Volgograd region is discussed. According to the author of article, existence of the uniform mechanism of financing of innovative activity of the enterprises of the food-processing industry creates advantages of their sustainable development on the basis of maintenance of efficiency of functioning of the mechanism of management with financing of innovative activity and consists in consecutive working out of philosophy, ideology, and also tactics and strategy of financing of innovative activity of the enterprise.

Preconditions of Activization of Innovative Activity in the Food-Processing Industry of the Volgograd Region

In article necessity of activization of innovative activity for the foodprocessing industry of the Volgograd region is discussed. According to authors of article, food-processing industry development as the branch providing the population by foodstuff, and also pursuing purpose maintenance of food safety of the country, in modern conditions is impossible without development of conceptual decisions, the ideas, called to raise level of its competitiveness.

Perfection of the Russian Mechanical Engineering Technologies

In this article the concept, signs and laws of development of technical systems is considered. The special attention is given organizational and structural character of machine-building manufacture. Necessity of use of flexible industrial systems at the russian enterprises of mechanical engineering is proved.

Problems of Formation and Realization of Financial Policy in Russia

The article is devoted to research of problems of formation of financial policy in the conditions of world crisis, and also features of its realization in the Russian Federation as most important factor of stabilization of economy.

Technological Modernization as a Driver of Development of the Russian Federation

The article deals with the pressing economic problems, macroeconomic conditions and controls that ensure the dynamic development of a national industrial and technological modernization of the economy the Russian Federation.

Internal and External Drivers of Public-Private Partnership in Russia

The article discusses factors that drive development of public-private partnerships (PPPs) in Russia. These factors have been categorized in two groups: internal and external. The author draws a conclusion that a more balanced approach to PPP benefits and potential drawbacks should be employed as partnership innovation is in no way guaranteed, and a PPP project may become more costly compared to traditional service delivery by government.