Some aspects of improving the effectiveness of public administration in contingencies

Introduction. The nature of problems and challenges that arise in the modern state involves rethinking its functions, tasks and approaches to their solution in order to respond in a timely manner and take effective action. The most important tool for this is the law – the main regulator of socio-economic relations. Theoretical analysis. The balance of interests of the individual person and society as a whole is constantly under the influence of objective and subjective factors. The state is forced to adapt to the changing situation, including due to the accumulation of unforeseen phenomena in the economy, social and spiritual spheres. The article focuses on some aspects of increasing the effectiveness of public administration in modern conditions, as well as unforeseen phenomena of multidirectional nature (the pandemic COVID-19, environmental and man-made disasters, sanctions effects, escalated political confrontation between Russia and Western countries). Results. Taken together, all aspects to which attention is drawn require the adoption of non-standard and prompt (quick) solutions, the consequence of which will be to counter emerging threats, ensuring security and balancing the interests of the individual, society and the state.

Specific of Evaluation of Innovative Projects Effectiveness Using Portfolio Approach

The paper considers the problem of evaluating the effectiveness of innovative projects, proposed the use of the expected commercial value, and provides risk assessment model for innovative projects.

Technological Modernization as a Driver of Development of the Russian Federation

The article deals with the pressing economic problems, macroeconomic conditions and controls that ensure the dynamic development of a national industrial and technological modernization of the economy the Russian Federation.

The Basic Methods of the Control System of Preparation and Implementation of Strategic Decisions

The basic methods used at the stages of preparation, strategic decisionmaking, forecasting sales (prediction) of strategic decisions and the implementation phase of the strategy are considered. Implementing of a strategy, the following used methods are classified and described: the organizational management of stakeholders, the implementation of the strategy, building teams support, personnel training, prevention of resistance, increase of effectiveness of the system of links, searching the corrective actions, monitoring, strategic management accounts, valuation and performance evaluation of business. 

Perfection of System of Advancement of Achievements of Scientifically Technical Progress in Agriculture

The author’s approach to a problem of development of system of advancement of scientific achievements is developed. Organizationaleconomic conditions of formation of system of advancement of scientific achievements are investigated, it is presented evolutionary development of teoretiko-methodological, organizational-administrative and economic-financial mechanisms of functioning of system.

The Development of Modern Market-based Instruments as a Basis for Improving the Competitiveness of Road Transport Services

In article modern position of a transport complex of Russian Federation is considered and the classification of market tools providing increase of competitiveness motor transportation mustache-meadow is proved. Necessity of optimum use of various market instrument tools with a view of maintenance and effective functioning, both the separate motor transportation enterprise, and motor transportation system as a whole is proved.

The Role of Accounting in Organizational-Economic Mechanism of Foreign Trade of the Industrial Enterprise

This article discusses the theoretical aspects of management accounting in organizational and economic mechanism of foreign trade activities. Increased international competition, the increasing role of non-financial indicators of industrial competitiveness determines the relevance of this article. Blocks interaction management subsystems allows monitoring conjunctural changes, respond to them quickly and make management decisions towards the development of foreign trade as well as the enterprise.

Questions of the Efficiency Increase of the Crime Prevention Against Criminal Legal Proceeding Participants

Introduction. Questions of the current ineffective protection of criminal trial participants in the Russian Federation are extremely topical. Due to this circumstance, such crimes undermine the authority of the domestic administration of justice and do serious harm to the personality. The paper is devoted to the problems of increasing the efficiency of measures to counteract such crimes. Methods. In this work, the method of sociological questioning of more than 400 criminal trial participants was applied. Results. It follows from the poll results that such security measures as transfer to another job (service), changing the place of job (service) or study, appearance changes for criminal trial participants to be protected are applied rarely or unapplied at all. These results imply that the allocated financial funds of state programs on the protection of criminal trial participants could be spent not to destination, which reduces the preventive activity efficiency. Conclusion. On the basis of the conducted research the author makes a conclusion that the efficiency of measures to prevent crimes against criminal trial participants should be understood as the productivity of a system of complex measures directed towards decreasing the level of the set of socially dangerous acts, being expressed in the achievement of positive results with the smallest expenses.

Optimizing of Selection of Public Procurement Vendor Based on the Risk Management Methodology

Introduction. Under globalization, the current international political and economic relations, the Russian Federation is changing to a new state policy in the field of system modernization of public procurement. Theoretical analysis. The development of predominantly market-based mechanisms of regulation, liberalization of the economy along with degradation of the regulatory role of state governance structures lead to increased risks in public procurement. Individual problems and contradictions in the system of public procurement are due to the lack of proper methodological apparatus to estimate the effect of risk. Methods. As a result of our optimization statement of the problem of selection of an executor of public orders, an algorithm and a system of mathematical models of choice of potential suppliers considering the collective evaluation of the risk category are proposed. A distinctive feature of the proposed method is the use of techniques to allow for maximum relations among the basic elements in a risky situation (alternatives, the probability of achieving the result desired, uncertainty, the possibility of deviation from the intended purpose). Results. The proposed approach makes the necessary prerequisites for the establishment of effective barriers for fraud and incompetent agents to enter the system of public procurement, both as suppliers and customers, through our selection mechanisms developed. Conclusion. The future direction of development of the methodology seems to justify the qualification requirements for suppliers, including the availability of necessary professional and technical qualifications, financial resources, equipment, labor and other material resources for the execution of contracts, work experience.

Portfolio Analysis Technologies in the Logistics System

Introduction. The modern functioning of logistics systems, which is characterized by high demands for increasing efficiency, saving resources, reducing the costs of product distribution, confirms the relevance of the competitiveness of enterprises through the use of advanced resource management technologies. Theoretical analysis. The article presents a theoretical analysis of the portfolio method of researching technologies that are used in the implementation of logistics operations and functions in an enterprise, and also describes in detail the stages and features of the construction of matrices of portfolio analysis technology. Scientists’ views on the use of portfolio analysis are summarized, and the advantagesof portfolio analysis of technologies in enterprises integrated into logistics systems are revealed. Results. According to the results of the study, problematic issues of constructing portfolio technology matrices were identified, criteria for technological attractiveness and resource endowment were formulated, which allow to develop effective strategies for improving the competitiveness of enterprises when performing logistic operations and functions.