Cite this article as:

Duraev T. A., Tumeneva N. V. The legal nature of judicial reconciliation. Izv. Saratov Univ., Economics. Management. Law, 2023, vol. 23, iss. 1, pp. 85-95. DOI:

This is an open access article distributed under the terms of Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY 4.0).

The legal nature of judicial reconciliation

Introduction. The article examines the legal nature of judicial reconciliation with the participation of a judicial conciliator (hereinafter referred to as judicial reconciliation), and highlights the debatable nature of the topic under consideration. The authors state that it is necessary to disclose the legal nature of judicial reconciliation in order to clarify its place in the legal system of Russia and to identify functional links with other related institutions of substantive and procedural law. Problem statement. The article argues that the success of the introduction of the institution of judicial reconciliation into legal practice depends on the disclosure of its legal nature in the system of human rights tools and mechanisms. At the same time, the ambiguity of the term of “legal nature” itself contributes to uncertainty in this matter. It is proved that the content of the term of “legal nature” includes various signs of the phenomenon, which must be consistently disclosed in the process of cognition. The authors emphasize that the legal nature of judicial reconciliation is complex, dualistic. This is expressed in a combination of judicial (jurisdictional) and extra-judicial (non-jurisdictional, alternative) characteristics, which is clearly revealed in the dualism of the legal status of the judicial conciliator. Theoretical and empirical analysis. The analysis of the legislation shows that, on the one hand, a judicial conciliator is a former judge who has extensive practical experience in legal proceedings and a vision of the prospects for resolving the case; on the other hand, the judicial conciliator, while remaining part of the judicial system, is free from rigid conservativecorporatist judicial discipline when conducting judicial reconciliation and can, without excessive formalism and substantive resolution of the case, offer the parties mutually benefi cial reconciliation conditions, under which the legal confl ict will be resolved. Results. The authors conclude that the duality of the legal nature of judicial reconciliation is due to the convergence processes that take place in the Russian law and trends associated with the change in the confi guration of the judiciary.

  1. 1. On amendments to certain legislative acts of the Russian Federation. Federal Law 197-FZ of 26.07.2019. Rossiiskaia gazeta [Russian Newspaper], 2019, July 31 (in Russian).
  2. Krymsky D. I. Simplifi ed Proceedings in the Civil Process of Foreign Countries. Thesis Diss. Cand. Sci. (Jur.). Moscow, 2011. 26 p. (in Russian).
  3. Sannikova L. V., Kharitonova Yu. S. Consequences of convergence of the private sector and public law in the fi eld of protection of subjective rights. Gosudarstvo i pravo [State and Law], 2020, no. 4, pp. 58–67 (in Russian).
  4. Kleandrov M. I. On the directions of improving the mechanism of judicial power in ensuring the fairness of justice. Gosudarstvo i pravo [State and Law], 2020, no. 3, pp. 7–23 (in Russian).
  5. Lisyutkin A. B., Arhipova E. Yu. The normative bases of legalization of non jurisdictional process. Izvestiya of Saratov University. Economics. Management. Law, 2016, vol. 16, iss. 3, pp. 338–346 (in Russian).
  6. On the results of summarizing proposals for optimizing the judicial burden. Resolution of the Presidium of the Council of Judges of the Russian Federation no. 489 of 25.02.2016. ATP «Consultant» [electronic resource] (in Russian).
  7. Borisova E. A. Snizhenie sudebnoy nagruzki stavitsya vo glave preobrazovaniy protsessual’nogo zakonodatel’stva (Reducing the judicial burden is made a priority of the transformation of procedural legislation). Available at: (accessed 10 October 2022) (in Russian).
  8. Amosov S. M. On the issue of free justice. Gosudarstvo i pravo [State and Law], 2020, no. 10, pp. 136–140 (in Russian).
  9. Balashov A. N. The court’s role in reconciliation of the parties in administrative proceedings. Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Right, 2019, no. 2, pp. 174–181 (in Russian).
  10. Shemeneva O. N. Conciliation agreement in the administrative judicial procedure: principal admissibility and correlation with amicable agreement in the civil proceedings. Iurist [Lawyer], 2016, no. 10, pp. 37–40 (in Russian).
  11. Duraev T. A. Mediation and judicial reconciliation: features of the procedural form and procedure of implementation. In: Toguzaeva E. N. (ed.) Mediatsiya: pravovye, psikhologicheskie i kommunikativnye aspekty [Mediation: legal, psychological and communicative aspects]. Moscow, Rusains Publ., 2022. pp. 129–138 (in Russian).
  12. Tyumeneva N. V. Legislative novelties of judicial reconciliation. In: Toguzaeva E. N. (ed.) Mediatsiya: pravovye, psikhologicheskie i kommunikativnye aspekty [Mediation: legal, Psychological and Communicative Aspects]. Moscow, Rusains Publ., 2022, pp. 138–156 (in Russian).
  13. Trezubov E. S., Isakova E. G. Mediation Innovations in the Context of the Judicial Policy of Modern Russia. Vestnik Kemerovskogo gosudarstvennogo universiteta. Seriya: Gumanitarnye i obshchestvennye nauki, 2020, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 88–94 (in Russian).
  14. Lenin V. I. Polnoe sobranie sochineniy. T. 30. Iyul’ 1916 – fevral’ 1917 [Complete collection of works. 5th ed. Vol. 30. July 1916 – February 1917]. Moscow, Gospolitizdat, 1962. 562 p. (in Russian).
  15. Ebzeev B. S. Konstitutsionnoe pravo Rossii [Constitutional Law of Russia]. Moscow, Prospect Publ., 2019. 768 p (in Russian).
  16. Petrov K. V. Concepts “legal reform” and “reform” in legal science. Gosudarstvo i pravo [State and Law], 2020, no. 4, pp. 156–161 (in Russian).
  17. Komissarova E. G. Formal logical aspects of “The legal nature” conception. Perm University Herald. Juridical Sciences, 2012, iss. 2 (16), pp. 23–27 (in Russian).
  18. Malyugin S. V. A category of legal nature in jurisprudence: The notion, determinants, key features, and approaches to understanding. Russian Juridical Journal, 2016, no. 3 (108), pp. 46–58 (in Russian).
  19. Aslanyan N. P., Novikova T. V. Prolegomena to the interpretation of the term “legal nature”. Baikal Research Journal, 2017, vol. 8, no. 4 (in Russian).
  20. Myslivchenko A. G., Sheptulina A. P. (eds.) Dialekticheskiy i istoricheskiy materializm [Dialectical and Historical Materialism]. Moscow, Politizdat, 1988. 446 p. (in Russian).
  21. Kerimov D. A. Filosofskie osnovaniya politiko-pravovykh issledovaniy [Philosophical Foundations of Political and Legal Research]. Moscow, Mysl’ Publ., 1986. 330 p (in Russian).
  22. The Civil Procedure Code of 14.11.2002 (an edition of 07.10.2022). Rossiiskaia gazeta [Russian Newspaper], 2002, November 20; 2022. October 11 (in Russian).
  23. The Arbitration Procedural Code of 24.07.2022 (an edition of 07.10.2022). Rossiiskaia gazeta [Russian Newspaper], 2002, July 27; 2022, October 22 (in Russian).
  24. The Code of Administrative Procedure of 08.03.2015 (an edition of 14.07.2022). Rossiiskaia gazeta [Russian Newspaper], 2015, March 11; 2022, July 21 (in Russian).
  25. The Rules of judicial reconciliation: approved Resolution of the Plenum of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation of 31.10.2019. Available at: (accessed 10 October 2022) (in Russian).
  26. Arkhipova E. Yu. Non-jurisdictional Process as an Object of Theoretical and Legal Research. Diss. Cand. Sci. (Jur.). Saratov, 2017. 200 p. (in Russian).
  27. Yudin A. V. Consequences of procedural rules violation on conciliation procedures in civil proceedings (to the adoption of the Federal Law 197-FZ of July 26, 2019 “On Amending Certain Legislative Acts of the Russian Federation”). Aktual’nye problemy gosudarstva i prava [Current Issues of the State and Law], 2019, vol. 3, no. 12, pp. 549–557 (in Russian).
  28. Solokhin A. Gibko, effektivno, besplatno: nyuansy i podvodnyye kamni sudebnogo primireniya (Flexibly, effectively, free of charge: Nuances and pitfalls of judicial reconciliation). Available at: (accessed 10 October 2022) (in Russian).
  29. On the approval of the Rules of Remuneration of retired judges who perform the functions of judicial conciliators. Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation no. 504 of 14.04.2020. Available at: (accessed 3 October 2022) (in Russian).
  30. Senen F. K. Judicial reconciliation and mediation as mechanisms of peaceful settlement of disputes in modern civil process: Сommon and distinctive features. Proceedings of Voronezh State University. Series: Law, 2017, no. 2, pp. 109–114 (in Russian).
  31. Dolova M. O., Bagryanskaya P. D. Judicial conciliation in civil cases. Journal of Russian Law, 2020, no. 5, pp. 104–119 (in Russian).
  32. Nosyreva E. I., Fil’chenko D. G. Main provisions of the Concept on the institution of a reconciliation of the parties in civil proceedings (Second part). Herald of Civil Procedure, 2015, no. 2, pp. 140–155 (in Russian).
  33. Solov’ev A. A. On some procedures for resolving a dispute peacefully (experience of the French Republic). Vestnik Arbitrazhnogo suda Moskovskoi oblasti [Bulletin of the Arbitration Court of the Moscow Region], 2019, no. 1, pp. 49–60 (in Russian).
Full Text (PDF): 
одобрена к публикации