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Anisimov A. P. International legal problems of compensation for harm that does not have a specific injurer. Izv. Saratov Univ., Economics. Management. Law, 2021, vol. 21, iss. 1, pp. 55-62. DOI:

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International legal problems of compensation for harm that does not have a specific injurer

Introduction. The article deals with the problem of compensation for damage in the absence of a specific injurer through investigating two problems of international law related to the formation of space debris and pollution of the World Ocean. Theoretical analysis. Acts of international law and the actual increase in the amount of space debris and the level of pollution of the World Ocean are studied, and proposals to reduce threats to space flights and marine bioresources are made. Results. The article concludes that there is no single and universal solution to the problems, despite the revealed similarity of the considered cases (the lack of evidence of the harm-causing subject). Such decisions should have not only a legal aspect (the development of new international conventions), but also an economic aspect (the creation of special environmental funds) and an organizational aspect (the expansion of the competence of international bodies). Separately, the article emphasizes that solving these problems will require increasing level of environmental and legal culture of public authorities, businesses and the population.

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