Law

Moral and Ethical Parliamentary Deputy`S Image as the Subject of Legal Regulation

Introduction. The article analyzes the legal aspects of moral and ethical image and behavior of parliamentary deputy. Object. The main object of the paper is to study the legal nature and mechanism of implementation of the Rules of parliamentary ethics, as well as responsibility for the violation of moral norms by deputies. Results. The authors analyzed the legislative acts providing the basics of moral and ethical deputy`s image and regulating the ethical behavior of parliamentarians and their responsibility for the violation the law. It was revealed the Russian legislation contains many unresolved issues in the regulation of parliamentary deputy’s behavior. The provisions of the draft Code of Parliamentary Ethics were considered. The normative and obligatory nature of the document was ascertained. The authors proved that the condition obliged the deputies to keep the moral and ethical standards both during the service hours and off duty should be included in the Code. Conclusion. Тhe authors conclude that the Rules of parliamentary ethics should be obligatory. The legal provisions should have the broad interpretation implying the regulation of the behavior of deputies both at the service and off duty. The Code of Parliamentary Ethics should contain a wide and clearly-defined list of sanctions including deprivation of the deputy`s voting right at the parliamentary meetings for a certain period, fines, and deprivation of parliamentary mandate in cases of rough and systematic violations the law.

Legal Regulation of Interaction Public Chamber of the Russian Federation Subjects with the State Governments and Other

Introduction. This article analyzes the activities of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation subject in the context of its interaction with the regional authorities and the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation. Discussion The author analyzes the order of creation and activities of public chambers of the Federation, the impact of these processes on the authorities of the Federation. Points to the direct involvement in the formation of public chambers of the legislative and executive powers of the regions. The main activities of public chambers of the Federation, their influence on social and political life. The issues of cooperation between federal and regional public chambers. Proposes measures to improve such cooperation, in particular the establishment of the coordinating council, composed of the chairmen of public chambers of subjects of the Russian Federation. Conclusion The author concludes that the activities of the Public Chamber of the Russian Federation promotes the effective interaction of civil society with the authorities of the region.

Modification of Modern Constitution of Russia

Introduction. The article investigates the limits of amending the Constitution of the Russian Federation in 1993. Discussion. The author examines the amendments that were made to the text of the Constitution of the Russian Federation for more than twenty years. Particular attention is paid to the amendments relating to the reorganization of the higher courts of the state. The article points to the need for careful attention to the values enshrined in the Constitution. It is concluded that the imposition of non-Russian «European system of values». The activity of the supreme bodies of state power, defend the Constitution of the Russian Federation. We prove that the changes to the Constitution of the Russian Federation were due to the need to bring it into line with the changed rules of reality. Conclusion. An analysis of the amendments to the Constitution of the Russian Federation, the author comes to the conclusion that they are designed to improve the management of state, federal and development of the judicial system, but do not change the basic principles of functioning of the Russian state and society, not encroach on the stability of the economic and political system.

The Main Approaches of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation to the Constitutional Principle of Non-discrimination

Introduction. As discrimination is a negative phenomenon, counteracting it is an important problem. Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation plays considerable part in this process because it can protects subjects of law from law-making discrimination. Theoretical analysis. The article considers main approaches to the constitutional principle of non-discrimination, containing in legal positions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation regards non-discrimination as con- stitutional principle of law. The author analyses features of discrimination which were mentioned in Constitutional Court’s decisions and studies legal positions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation, addressed to the safeguards of the constitutional principle of non-discrimination. Conclusions. Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation often addressed the constitutional principle of non- discrimination. Thereby, Constitutional Court interprets it owing to recognition non-discrimination as a principle of law, reveals its features and safeguards, develops and defends this principle.

Constitutional and Legal Constraints of a Multiparty System in Russia

Introduction. The article investigates the boundaries of a multiparty system in constitutional law. Analyzes the limitations of a multiparty system adopted in the democratic countries of Europe. Theoretical analysis. The author explores the limits of political parties, enshrined in the Constitution and the law, revealing contradictions wording. Particular attention is given to such a restriction in the activities of political parties, as the prohibition of extremist activity. The article points out the contradictions in the understanding of extremist activity, which is enshrined in various federal laws. Indicated on the mixing of concepts such as terrorism and extremism. It is concluded that the category of «discrimination» act as an independent and not always be regarded as extremism. It is proved that the elimination of the political party on the specified in the law on political parties, the grounds, the reduction due to the multi-party opposition to extremism and acts as a serious and preventive measures. Conclusion. The analysis of Russian legislation, the author comes to the conclusion that the vagueness of the wording might lead to unnecessary restriction of the activities of political parties and their elimination as opponents of the constitutional order, which is unacceptable in a democratic, politically pluralistic state.

The Main Activities of the Customs Authorities: Theoretical and Legal Characteristics

Introduction. Integration processes, which acts as an active participant in the Russian Federation, had a direct influence on the activities of customs authorities. The paper analyzes the main activities of the customs authorities of the Russian Federation. Theoretical and legal analysis. The theoretical characterization of the customs authorities in the functioning of the Customs Union, are some examples of practical activities of these bodies. Conclusion. It is concluded that the value of each of the above areas.

The Political and Legal Basis of interaction of Business Ombudsman with Authorities and Other Organizations on Protection of Rights and Legal Interests of Subjects of Entrepreneurial Activity (based on performances at the III International Conference «Mo

Introduction. At the present stage of development of the institution of human rights and individual categories of citizens in the Russian Federation is particularly important legal analysis of the Commissioner’s powers to protect the rights of entrepreneurs on the federal and regional level in the Russian Federation. At the present stage, this institution is developing intensively. Implementation of office business ombudsman directly related to the problems of its interaction with various public authorities to protect the rights of business entities. Methods. Methodological basis of research supports internally interconnected complex methods of cognition: systematic and structural, functional, logical, historical. Basic general legal methods are the comparative legal and legalistic, allowing the author to explore the legal basis for the organization and activities of the institution of the protection of entrepreneurs’ rights in Russia at the federal level and the level of subjects of the Russian Federation (on the example of the Saratov region). Results. It is stated that in the activity authorized are not independent, as evidenced by the order of their appointment and the early dismissal, the formation and operation of the machine, as well as reporting and monitoring of their activities on the part of officials in which they are created. The author comes to the conclusion that 1) improve the legal regulation and practice of implementing powers business ombudsman at the federal and regional levels, 2) bringing the legislation of the Russian Federation in accordance with the common federal requirements.

Right for Respect of Private Life: International Realization and Protection Standards

Introduction. One of the major human rights and the citizen, guaranteed by the Constitution of the Russian Federation and fundamental international legal acts the right for respect of private life is. Theoretical analysis. In article the content of the right for respect of private life is considered. According to the Constitution of the Russian Federation of the right and freedom of the person and the citizen admit and guaranteed according to the conventional principles and norms of international law. In this regard the author analyzes this right proceeding from sense which is given it by the international legal acts and interstate bodies (mainly the European Court of Human Rights). Results. Proceeding from the carried-out analysis the author allocates a complex of the rights, freedoms and separate competences which make essence of a constitutional law on personal privacy.

Communication Space as Object of Legal Policy: Theoretical Problems of Spatial Approachformation

Introduction. The article deals with methodological aspects of research of communication space in the theory of legal policy, it also discusses the application of spatial approach for this purpose. Discussion of results. In our opinion, the theoretical model of commu- nication space allows to take into account the patterns of communication dynamics, to identify the objectives and priorities of the societal transformations, to mitigate the digital divide and the future communication divides. Conclution. The author comes to the conclusion that jurisprudence spatial approach is fragmentary. Theoretical researches of legal space are focused on the social and philosophical spatial approach and the relational concept of space. Empirical researches of a cyberspace (virtual space) have substantial character. Their integration barrier is the substantivism of the theoretical legal doctrine about law action in space, in time and around persons.

О ЗАКОНОДАТЕЛЬНЫХ УЛОВКАХ ОГРАНИЧЕНИЯ ПРАВА НА ОБРАЩЕНИЕ В СУД С ИСКАМИ О ПРИСУЖДЕНИИ КОМПЕНСАЦИИ ЗА НАРУШЕНИЕ ПРАВА НА СУДОПРОИЗВОДСТВО ИЛИ ИСПОЛНЕНИЕ СУДЕБНОГО АКТА В РАЗУМНЫЙ СРОК

Введение. Основные гарантии доступа к суду обеспечиваются различными процессуальными и организационными нормами права. В условиях глобализации и интеграции правовых механизмов защиты прав и свобод человека и гражданина все более обращают на себя внимание юридические конструкции, с помощью которых выявляются предпосылки и условия права на предъявление иска в суд. В целях обеспечения права на обращение в суд эти конструкции не должны мешать заинтересованным субъектам совершать диспозитивные действия процессуального характера, направленные на беспрепятственное получение судебной защиты. Между тем в гл. 22.1 ГПК РФ, регламентирующей производство о присуждении компенсации за нарушение права на судопроизводство в разумный срок или права на исполнение судебного акта в разумный срок, присутствуют правовые ограничения права на доступ к суду с такого рода исками, что негативно отражается на имидже судебной системы, поскольку данное производство направлено на восстановление публичного права на справедливое судебное разбирательство, нарушенного при отправлении правосудия, в частности по гражданским делам. Методы. Методологической основой исследования выступает внутренне взаимосвязанный комплекс методов познания: системно-структурный, функциональный, логический. Базовым методом выступает материалистическая диалектика, позволившая автору исследовать правовые ограничения права на обращение в суд с компенсаторными исками во взаимосвязи и взаимообусловленности с другими условиями осуществления механизма восстановления права на справедливое судебное разбирательство на национальном уровне. Результаты. Сделан вывод о необходимости изменения процессуального законодательства в целях обеспечения доступа к судебной защите права на справедливое судебное разбирательство по трем направлениям: 1) расширение границ подведомственности гражданских дел по компенсаторным искам; 2) упрощение порядка подачи компенсаторного иска в компетентный суд; 3) внедрение дополнительных гарантий соблюдения права на справедливое судебное разбирательство при рассмотрении и разрешении гражданского дела по компенсаторному иску

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