Management

Formation of Cross-functional Logistics Coordination Through the Use of the Principles of System Analysis

Introduction. The main task of cross-functional and interorganizational logistics coordination in the implementation of flow control is to reduce the time required to perform the full logistics cycle. The emergence of the lack of coordination in the implementation of cross-functional and inter-organizational logistics coordination leads to violation of terms of delivery and increase downtime. The reason for this lies in the lack of elaboration of theoretical and practical issues of coordination of actions of participants of logistic processes as at the enterprise level (cross-functional level) and at the level of the supply chain (inter-organizational level). The article presents the guidelines for the implementation of the design and functioning of cross-functional and inter-organizational logistics coordination, based on a differentiated approach to the analysis of the logistics system of the global economy. Empirical analysis. The process of constructing the model coordinate the flow of logistics system of the global economy is based on the delimitation of monitoring processes, goals, objectives, coordination activities on three levels: the macro-level (Macro-HP/country), meso-level (meso-HP/supply chain), the micro-level (Micro-HP/ enterprise). Discussion of results. The result developed by the authors of guidelines is to provide flow control using a model of logistic system of the global economy, reducing the time required to carry out coordination activities on cross-functional, and the inter-organizational levels.

Key Strategies for Retail Chains Today

Introduction. At present, the functioning of the Russian trade networks that implement food products, significantly complicated by the negative impact of the food embargo, inflation and the weake- ning of the ruble. Changing environmental factors and increased competition in the food market have a significant impact on the previously established logistics system of goods retail chains, which will require substantial transformation. Empirical analysis. The article discusses possible strategies for the development of retail chains and features of management at this stage in order to overcome the situation. In the coming years, large retail chains will reduce costs by optimizing the assortment and logistics, actively cooperate with new suppliers, to develop the format «shop at home» and «Express-Retail», continuing to open new stores at the free trade area, to develop their own production. For smaller retail chains most preferred strategy is to integrate. Results. Integration of small retail chains at the present stage is one of the most profitable strategies that will produce the transformation of logistics systems and supply chains in order to optimize them according to the selected format and minimizing costs, reorganize infrastructure and retail outlets, adjust range retail outlets, significantly reduce the proportion of imported products, they find an alternative replacement and rebuild relationships with suppliers and reduce the cost of managing a sales network due to its centralization.

Evaluation and Selection of Options Logistics Development Given the Uncertainty

Introduction. At the moment when, any activity carried out under conditions of risk and systematically growing uncertainty, consideration of alternatives evaluation of logistics systems becomes a priority, which determines the objective necessity of search tools and algorithms implementation process make effective management decisions aimed at the development of the system in line with the target settings. Theoretical analysis. The uncertainty of the environment is manifested in its ability to be in one of a plurality of different states, as determined by destabilizing factors influencing parameters and status logistics system. Posed problems can be solved with the help of game theory, tools which allow you to select options for rational solutions and ways of development that is aimed at the realization of the growth potential of the logistics system and the achievement of its target plants. The criteria by which selected decisions under uncertainty, depends on the degree of uncertainty of information about the environment. Results. The result of the proposed algorithm select the option to develop the logistics system is the choice of the optimal strategy under uncertainty using the criteria of Laplace, Savage, Hurwitz Wald and evaluating various aspects of the effectiveness of management decisions in the most satisfying real conditions.

Сoncept of Formation and Achievements Long-term Competitive Advantages of Industrial Enterprise

Introduction. In modern conditions one of the perspective directions of management of competitive advantages of the industrial enterprises is based in the sphere of management of economic resources of the company. Theoretical analysis. In article modern models of resource management are considered and analyzed: lean production (LP), theory of constraints (TOC), resource – based view (RBV). The idea of creation of «the evolving opportunities» (evolving capabilities) – system abilities of the enterprise to organizational changes locates. Results. Need of creation and the continuous analysis of the system of dynamic abilities acting as base of key competences of the enterprise is considered and proved, communication of effective management of resources and successful realization of the conceptual purpose «quality – expense – delivery» is shown.

Principles of Project Investment Method of Innovation Activity

Introduction. At present, the development of a modern economy of the country is impossible without investing in innovation. The role of innovation in the economy increases every day, and one investment project method and the basic methods of investment, which will help Russia to overcome all the new frontiers of economic development. Theoretical analysis. The article deals with the analysis and design method of investing innovation and detail all the principles of the method. Result. Based on the different perspectives of the authors about the project method and its investment principles identified strengths and weaknesses of this method. According to the results of the research project method investment innovation were identified strengths of this method and can say with full confidence that the use of the design method of investing in the Russian Federation will promote the growth of innovative activity in the country and boosting the economy of the country as a whole.

Marketing Strategy as a Factor of Transfers and Commercialization of Technologies

Introduction. The relevance of the problem of the transfer of intellectual property is determined by the feature of the present stage of scientific and technical progress. Under the technology transfer involve the transfer (sale, exchange) of knowledge in order to organ ize the production of competitive products conforming to market needs. Marketing support innovation enterprise is a basic condition for the successful implementation of intellectual property. In order to innovative technologies have led to economic success, it should be very attentive to the problems of formation and implementation of the marketing strategy of technology transfer centers in the Russian Federation. Theoretical analysis. The article discusses the theoretical basis of the formation of the marketing strategy of technology transfer centers in the Russian Federation, the necessity of their development. Results. Give the characteristic features and problems specific to the transfer and commercialization of innovative technologies in the modern world. The authors designed a mechanism for constructing marketing strategies of technology transfer centers. Conclusion. Transfer and commercialization of innovative technologies involves activation of a completely new strategic competences elements of innovation infrastructure.Thus, for the development of the national innovation system is necessary to increase the rate of transfer of innovative technologies, and these processes should be systematic.

Management of Limited Innovative Resources of the Industrial Concern Based on a Non-manipulable Support Mechanisms of the Decision-making

Introduction. One of the key factors of innovation activity of industrial concern in modern conditions is the use of information and cognitive technologies. As part of the author’s theory of economics active Connection have the opportunity to make effective management decisions for a balanced allocation of scarce resources, innovative industrial concern among enterprises, in its composition. Theoretical analysis. This article discusses some aspects of the balanced allocation of scarce resources, innovative industrial concern among enterprises. The author’s solution to this problem on the basis of non-manipulable mechanisms to support decision-making decision- makers. It is proved that under certain conditions, in particular when not transferable utility, optimal decision-making processes in economic systems must be sought in the class of non-manipulable mechanisms. It is shown that the current problem of the distribution of scarce resources well studied as a problem of individual decision- making, but in practice has not been studied from the point of view of the problem as a problem of collective manipulability and mixed decision-making, while the likes of her performances are highly relevant to modern practice under sanctions restrictions Russian industrial concerns on the part of the governments of the EU and the US. Results. The scientific concept of the balanced allocation of scarce resources, innovative industrial concern among its enterprises describes the overall technology adoption managerial decisions, formulate a mathematical model of the mechanism of decision-making decision-maker to industrial concerns and define conditions feasibility of non-manipulable mechanisms of planning, in particular, in a transferable utility. The evaluation of the developed decision support system based on a mathematical model of a balanced allocation of scarce resources among innovative enterprises in the framework of the application of non-manipulable planning mechanisms.

Study of Rail Transport on the Basis of Historical Time Series

Introduction. Significant territorial space of Russia Federation determined the special place of rail transport for the economic development of the country, so the bulk of the goods in the country is transported by rail. An important role in assessing the condition and prospects of development of rail transport plays an analysis of the historical time series of indicators of passenger and freight traffic. Methods. In this paper, using statistical and econometric methods analyzed historical time series of indicators of passenger and freight railway transport for the period from 1956 to 2012 and presents a forecast for the period up to 2015. Results. The analysis showed the absence of a general trend in the historical time series of indicators of passenger and freight traffic. In such cases, to describe the trends may not apply analytical alignment and should use self-correcting recurrent patterns that characterize the time-varying, dynamic properties of a number of speakers, take into account the value of the previous levels, and provide an opportunity to get a fairly accurate predictions of future levels. Under the influence of the prevailing socio-economic conditions, the dynamics of the performance of rail transport in the forthcoming period will have moved in different directions: turnover in the forecast period is increase and pass-turnover is decrease.

Organization of Procurement Dairy Enterprises on the Market Raw Milk

Introduction. Under conditions of inelastic supply on the market of milk as raw material create dairy enterprises specialized structures transaction management becomes a question not only effective contractual interaction, and survival. Empirical analysis. The article proves that the specific investments made in the framework of these structures, can affect both the individual price and non- price parameters of milk as raw material and the conditions of their formation. Typically, processors create with farmers hybrid governance structure the transaction with such property, as the permeability of borders. Based on the analysis of this property, we have identified two characteristic is the depth of penetration of specific investments and the incidence of common functions down
«the value chain» within the boundaries of a farmer is allowed to justify the creation of three hybrid structures: a contractual warranty, basic and strategic partnership. Among the purchasers of the local processors are in a weak position due to the fact that the scope of contractual safeguards do not allow them to carry out a significant amount of specific investments in the farms. This factor creates inequality positions of different types of dairy enterprises on the market of milk as raw material. To data processors to improve the conditions of access to the resource base of households, we proposed the use of «stimulating factor», which is a premium to the purchase price of milk as raw material. Results. The mechanism of compensation of expenses of the regional budget to pay premium to the purchase price would allow local processors to increase purchases from significant farms.

Shaping to Concepts of the Life Cycle of the Manager to Corporations

Introduction. In accordance with the theory of the cycle all the world is subject to cyclical development. Is no exception management activities manager, which is also prone to cyclical fluctuations. Theoretical analysis. On the basis of generalization of the results of the theory of the cycle in the paper shows that the cyclical dynamics is an important factor in the management of activities and one of the determinants of its development, so the activity is subject to manager’s qualitative transformation and is seen as alternately repeated change of several qualities (stages). Discussion of results. The result of the analysis of the stages of the life cycle management becomes avoidance of the stage of “decline” and extend its life cycle. Thus, there is an objective need for the formation and operation in practice of the new concept of life cycle management.

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