Management

The Improvement of Operational Planning Activities of Instrument-making Enterprise on the Basis of the Mathematical Interpretation of its Dynamics

Despite the fact that the methodology of operational
planning of industrial activities is a widely known and proven, there
remains the problem of choosing the optimal length of the planning
period, taking into account the system of factors affecting the activity
of the enterprise. In article the author’s approach to the determination
of the planning period, based on the mathematical interpretation of
the dynamics of production and economic activity of the enterprise.
Theoretical analysis. In control theory (technical devices and systems)
distinguish types of movement: self (movement in the absence
of external influences arising from the internal properties of devices
and systems and perturbations of the initial conditions) and involuntary
(movement caused by external influences). Methods. In article the
objective of the study, mainly native speakers of instrument-making
enterprice based on real data of its work. Discusses two quarters:
4th quarter of 2013 and 1st quarter of 2014. Taken into account that
changes in plans are staggered in the beginning of each month for
the previous results, and the end of the month they and other conditions
of work of instrument-making enterprice does not change. Thus
entered speed feedback in the control of production and thus speed
effects on production are payable only at the beginning of the month
and then does not change until the beginning of the next. Results. In
summary, a correlation between almost produced products and their
sense of their difference –Δx) characterized non-harmonic oscillatory
process irregularity Δx of the work. Experimental graphics Δx
described mathematically, are computer simulations showing close
values of the estimated and actual processes on the uneven production
Δx. Conclusions. Theproposed approach has allowed us to
construct a simple algorithm for predicting the release of products,
as well as a simple control algorithm of instrument-making enterprice
work, allowing to reduce 2–3 times the oscillatory component of the
non-uniformity of the manufactured products

The Influence of Fuel and Energy Complex on the Competitiveness of the Russian Economy

Introduction. In the modern realities of improving competitiveness is one of the primary tasks of the state. Further development of our economy involves the use and improving the efficiency of the leading industries. Primarily, this includes fuel-energy complex (FEC), which was and remains the foundation of the national economy. Theoretical analysis. Analysis of the research is based on the theoretical frame- work developed by Russian and foreign scientists, to show the necessity of development of fuel and energy and its effect on increasing the competitiveness of the Russian economy. Results of the study. Was shown to influence the dynamics of the complex on the economy, a significant share in exports and tax revenues, as well as a share of GDP showed an increasing dependence of the development of the country and its competitiveness from the complex. Conclusions. There are many ways to increase the country’s competitiveness, but at the moment exploitation FEC sectors is one of the most efficient and effective. Undoubtedly, the depletion can lead to rapid displacement of the industry in the economic hierarchy, but it speaks only of the fact that the need to increase investment and the creation of innovative enterprises in the complex. In general, should not be a direct relationship to the development of the competitiveness of the country’s one industry.

The Introduction of Indirect Methods of the Determinin the Tax Liabilities as the Direction of Improving the Efficiency of Tax Control Sysnem of Individual Income

Introduction. High rates of tax evasion on income of individuals requires the state to find new, more effective forms and methods of tax revenue control individuals. One of the ways to increase the efficiency of state control over taxation of citizens may be the introduction of indirect methods for the determination of tax liabilities. Theoretical analysis. In world practice of control of taxpayers methods of assessment of costs, cash flows and property are actively used to determine the tax liabilities of individuals, which are not engaged in entrepreneurial activities. The article describes the experience of countries near and far abroad in this field. Discussion of Results. The result of the analysis carried out in the article was to develop the recommendations for the phased implementation the indirect methods of assessment of tax liabilities of individuals in the Russian tax legislation.

The Content of the Mechanism of Implementation and Development of Corporate Governance in the Socio-economic System

Introduction. In modern conditions the increase in the number of domestic companies, introducing elements of corporate governance in practice its activities, aims consideration of the mechanism of its formation and development. Theoretical analysis. The article presents a detailed characterization of the mechanism of development and implementation of corporate governance in the socio economic system of industrial organization. Marked features and target bases its components: mechanism for management of corporate insurance management mechanism the distribution of the corporate order, control mechanism of corporate taxation, corporate governance mechanism pricing mechanism management information security management mechanism of corporate resource sharing mechanism management of corporate culture, mechanism of corporate Finance. Results. Emphasizes the role of the mechanism of implementation and development of corporate governance in maintaining the balance of interests of different stakeholders.

Opportunities for the Development of Sugar Industry of the Saratov Region from the Standpoint of Ensuring Food Security of Russia

Introduction. Now in Russia is of particular importance in ensuring food security. This applies to sugar, especially because the country’s needs at the expense of own production are provided at 55-57%. The purpose of this study is to develop recommendations to improve the efficiency of sugar beet industry of the Saratov region, applyed mathematical methods, comparative analysis, economic-statistical methods and method of the location of the triangle Century of Launhardt. Results of the study. It was determined that at the present time to ensure the needs of the region in the sugar lacks the capacities of the existing sugar factory and it is reasonable reconstruction with bringing its processing capacity up to 4500 tons per day. Also considering the possibility of building in Rtishchev the sugar plant with a design capacity of 8,000 tons per day. Conclusion. An expected increase in production capacity will ensure the needs of the region. This will require to review the structure and area of sugar beet in the field. To solve this task was conducted zoning, which allowed us to identify two zones. The main criterion was to minimize the transportation costs of shipping raw materials from the fields. By calculation, it was determined the optimal allocation of acreage on selected areas based on projected capacity, provided they are uniform load within 160 days.

Nonparametric Statistical Analysis of Employee Engagement in the Organization

Introduction. Many organizations realize that the development potential of their employees, job satisfaction is directly related to the increase in profit organizations, consumer loyalty, etc. Theoretical analysis. The author examines the concept of «involvement of personnel in the organization». According to the author the degree of coincidence of the value of employees with a degree values of the organization and is a measure of involvement. When you take into account the involvement of motivation, job satisfaction, learn new knowledge, values employees, etc. In accordance with ISO international standards (ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 26000), and others. Employee engagement is one of the fundamental principles of a quality management system. Critically assess the international and Russian standards in terms of evaluation of involvement of employees in the organization. Results. In assessing staff satisfaction via surveys determine the factors that are important to meet the staff, which may differ depending on the position and division. The most common method is the questionnaire Q12 (Gallup), consisting of 12 statements (questions) that measure the level of employee engagement and identify those aspects of the organization’s work that need to be improved for employee engagement. Written with the help of statistical nonparametric methods to identify the relationship between the expectations of employees in the work and the requirements and values of the head of the organization.

Features of Formation of a Mechanism for Evaluating Innovative Potential of Machine-building Enterprise

Introduction. To innovate engineering plants must be of sufficient magnitude innovative potential. Therefore, it is advisable to optimize the mechanism for evaluating innovative potential of machine-building enterprises. Theoretical analysis. In assessing the innovative potential use indicators that characterize the different sides of innovation engineering enterprises independently of each other, which prevents its objective assessment, so evaluation of innovative potential of machine-building enterprises should be considered from the point of view of the system approach. In assessing the innovative potential of machine-building enterprise is important to determine its structure and the degree of influence of each component on the innovative activity of the enterprise, which indicates the relative contribution of this component in a meaningful assessment of the innovation potential. Conclusion. Study of the formation, development and evaluation of innovative potential indicates a low level of sustainable development of domestic construction machinery enterprises.

Theoretical Bases of Regulatory Risks Management in the Internal Control System of Banks

Introduction. The internal control system of large banks should be represented by two agencies: the Internal Audit Service, which will check the whole bank, all units of the credit institution for the manner in which they carry out established internal procedures of credit organization; and internal control service, which should identify the risks of losses due to violations of the laws or internal documents, evaluate regulatory risks, identify cases of conflict of interest, as well as to identify and analyze the operations that «are intricate and unusual nature», i.e., in fact, will serve as the international practice relating to the area of compliance. The emphasis of ICS’s work is transferred to the compliance risk management. Theoretical analysis. The comparative content’s analysis of the concepts of compliance risk and regulatory risk revealed that the concept of regulatory risk in the Russian economic practice is wider, systematic organized, relying on the regulatory framework of the Bank and may be taken as a base in technique of formation building of internal control service in bank. Results. Suggested the author’s definition of regulatory risk. Consideration of bank’s risks in their relationship with the violation of specific external and internal rules, regulations, standards and so on., allowed firstly, prove that the regulatory risk is the base for all other banking risks; secondly, to detect inadequate regulatory frameworks of Russian banks and justify the need for their development; secondly, to detect the imperfection of regulatory frame- works of Russian banks and justify the need for their development.

The Development of Public-private Partnership in Netlogistics System of Passenger Transportation Management

Introduction. In recent years, the worldwide trend of establishing effective cooperation between the state and business in the infra- structure sectors (electricity, road, rail, utilities) in the framework of public-private partnership (PPP). A special place in infrastructure is the transport sector, forming the basis of the whole economic system. Currently, the effectiveness of PPPs is not high enough due to the lack of models of effective institutional cooperation between the state and private companies, mechanisms mates the interests of the state and business structures at the regional level, as well as learning the tendencies of the development Association of public and private transport companies in the modern business environment. Theoretical analysis. A theoretical analysis of the context of use of the term
«public-private partnership» shows that in General, the PPP represents various forms of interaction between state and private business enterprises. Empirical analysis. The development of public-private partnerships are presented as a logical sequence of activities that will enhance the activity of transport enterprises to improve the quality of passenger transport, to expand the scope and increase the effectiveness of process management in passenger transportation in netlogistics system based on the strengthening of the economic rela- tions of the state and business structures. Results. The results of the authors of the studies to determine the directions of development of public-private partnership is the development of a set of activities that will enhance the activity of transport enterprises to improve the quality of passenger transport, to expand the scope and increase its effectiveness in netlogistics system based on the strengthening of economic relations of state and business structures.

About the Modeling of the Shared Structure of Finances Using the Minimax Criterion of Laboriousness

Introduction. Being one of the main parts of financial management, good bonuses for the employees will lead to a stable business development. This is particularly relevant issue for service businesses, where the business is built on competent staff and their material interest in improving the quality of services is the possibility to the prosperity of the business. When financial manager analyzes sources of bonus payments to employees, it is necessary to rationally justify the current size and the standard premium for each employee and different groups of workers. This article proposes a new method for funding of bonus pool, which allows the assessment of the distribution structural component of equity premium payroll for several categories of workers with fundamental differences in productivity. Methods. A new method of modeling and rationalize the equity structure of the funding of the bonus pool workers of different categories using the minimax criterion of quality. Apply methods of cluster analysis, in particular, the grouping method and the normalization clusterizing data. Provides step-by-step algorithm of recommended actions to rationalize premium payments. Results. A new mathematically grounded approach to the rationalization of the bonus Fund, which allows to consider both the psychological characteristics of decision-makers employer and the rationalistic position by applying as estimated negative for groups bonuses not only traditional indicators of labor, but also individual characteristics, endurance, productivity, new ideas. Also have the option of structuring costs in the analysis groups «superior – subordinate» given increased responsibility first. Conclusion. Developed a new approach that allows for the rationalization of premium payments in any enterprise, especially relevant for enterprises, where workers receive wages as percentage of revenue, and differentiate rates for various categories of employees is quite difficult

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