Management

The Content of the Mechanism of Implementation and Development of Corporate Governance in the Socio-economic System

Introduction. In modern conditions the increase in the number of domestic companies, introducing elements of corporate governance in practice its activities, aims consideration of the mechanism of its formation and development. Theoretical analysis. The article presents a detailed characterization of the mechanism of development and implementation of corporate governance in the socio economic system of industrial organization. Marked features and target bases its components: mechanism for management of corporate insurance management mechanism the distribution of the corporate order, control mechanism of corporate taxation, corporate governance mechanism pricing mechanism management information security management mechanism of corporate resource sharing mechanism management of corporate culture, mechanism of corporate Finance. Results. Emphasizes the role of the mechanism of implementation and development of corporate governance in maintaining the balance of interests of different stakeholders.

Opportunities for the Development of Sugar Industry of the Saratov Region from the Standpoint of Ensuring Food Security of Russia

Introduction. Now in Russia is of particular importance in ensuring food security. This applies to sugar, especially because the country’s needs at the expense of own production are provided at 55-57%. The purpose of this study is to develop recommendations to improve the efficiency of sugar beet industry of the Saratov region, applyed mathematical methods, comparative analysis, economic-statistical methods and method of the location of the triangle Century of Launhardt. Results of the study. It was determined that at the present time to ensure the needs of the region in the sugar lacks the capacities of the existing sugar factory and it is reasonable reconstruction with bringing its processing capacity up to 4500 tons per day. Also considering the possibility of building in Rtishchev the sugar plant with a design capacity of 8,000 tons per day. Conclusion. An expected increase in production capacity will ensure the needs of the region. This will require to review the structure and area of sugar beet in the field. To solve this task was conducted zoning, which allowed us to identify two zones. The main criterion was to minimize the transportation costs of shipping raw materials from the fields. By calculation, it was determined the optimal allocation of acreage on selected areas based on projected capacity, provided they are uniform load within 160 days.

Nonparametric Statistical Analysis of Employee Engagement in the Organization

Introduction. Many organizations realize that the development potential of their employees, job satisfaction is directly related to the increase in profit organizations, consumer loyalty, etc. Theoretical analysis. The author examines the concept of «involvement of personnel in the organization». According to the author the degree of coincidence of the value of employees with a degree values of the organization and is a measure of involvement. When you take into account the involvement of motivation, job satisfaction, learn new knowledge, values employees, etc. In accordance with ISO international standards (ISO 9001, ISO 14001, ISO 26000), and others. Employee engagement is one of the fundamental principles of a quality management system. Critically assess the international and Russian standards in terms of evaluation of involvement of employees in the organization. Results. In assessing staff satisfaction via surveys determine the factors that are important to meet the staff, which may differ depending on the position and division. The most common method is the questionnaire Q12 (Gallup), consisting of 12 statements (questions) that measure the level of employee engagement and identify those aspects of the organization’s work that need to be improved for employee engagement. Written with the help of statistical nonparametric methods to identify the relationship between the expectations of employees in the work and the requirements and values of the head of the organization.

Features of Formation of a Mechanism for Evaluating Innovative Potential of Machine-building Enterprise

Introduction. To innovate engineering plants must be of sufficient magnitude innovative potential. Therefore, it is advisable to optimize the mechanism for evaluating innovative potential of machine-building enterprises. Theoretical analysis. In assessing the innovative potential use indicators that characterize the different sides of innovation engineering enterprises independently of each other, which prevents its objective assessment, so evaluation of innovative potential of machine-building enterprises should be considered from the point of view of the system approach. In assessing the innovative potential of machine-building enterprise is important to determine its structure and the degree of influence of each component on the innovative activity of the enterprise, which indicates the relative contribution of this component in a meaningful assessment of the innovation potential. Conclusion. Study of the formation, development and evaluation of innovative potential indicates a low level of sustainable development of domestic construction machinery enterprises.

Theoretical Bases of Regulatory Risks Management in the Internal Control System of Banks

Introduction. The internal control system of large banks should be represented by two agencies: the Internal Audit Service, which will check the whole bank, all units of the credit institution for the manner in which they carry out established internal procedures of credit organization; and internal control service, which should identify the risks of losses due to violations of the laws or internal documents, evaluate regulatory risks, identify cases of conflict of interest, as well as to identify and analyze the operations that «are intricate and unusual nature», i.e., in fact, will serve as the international practice relating to the area of compliance. The emphasis of ICS’s work is transferred to the compliance risk management. Theoretical analysis. The comparative content’s analysis of the concepts of compliance risk and regulatory risk revealed that the concept of regulatory risk in the Russian economic practice is wider, systematic organized, relying on the regulatory framework of the Bank and may be taken as a base in technique of formation building of internal control service in bank. Results. Suggested the author’s definition of regulatory risk. Consideration of bank’s risks in their relationship with the violation of specific external and internal rules, regulations, standards and so on., allowed firstly, prove that the regulatory risk is the base for all other banking risks; secondly, to detect inadequate regulatory frameworks of Russian banks and justify the need for their development; secondly, to detect the imperfection of regulatory frame- works of Russian banks and justify the need for their development.

The Development of Public-private Partnership in Netlogistics System of Passenger Transportation Management

Introduction. In recent years, the worldwide trend of establishing effective cooperation between the state and business in the infra- structure sectors (electricity, road, rail, utilities) in the framework of public-private partnership (PPP). A special place in infrastructure is the transport sector, forming the basis of the whole economic system. Currently, the effectiveness of PPPs is not high enough due to the lack of models of effective institutional cooperation between the state and private companies, mechanisms mates the interests of the state and business structures at the regional level, as well as learning the tendencies of the development Association of public and private transport companies in the modern business environment. Theoretical analysis. A theoretical analysis of the context of use of the term
«public-private partnership» shows that in General, the PPP represents various forms of interaction between state and private business enterprises. Empirical analysis. The development of public-private partnerships are presented as a logical sequence of activities that will enhance the activity of transport enterprises to improve the quality of passenger transport, to expand the scope and increase the effectiveness of process management in passenger transportation in netlogistics system based on the strengthening of the economic rela- tions of the state and business structures. Results. The results of the authors of the studies to determine the directions of development of public-private partnership is the development of a set of activities that will enhance the activity of transport enterprises to improve the quality of passenger transport, to expand the scope and increase its effectiveness in netlogistics system based on the strengthening of economic relations of state and business structures.

About the Modeling of the Shared Structure of Finances Using the Minimax Criterion of Laboriousness

Introduction. Being one of the main parts of financial management, good bonuses for the employees will lead to a stable business development. This is particularly relevant issue for service businesses, where the business is built on competent staff and their material interest in improving the quality of services is the possibility to the prosperity of the business. When financial manager analyzes sources of bonus payments to employees, it is necessary to rationally justify the current size and the standard premium for each employee and different groups of workers. This article proposes a new method for funding of bonus pool, which allows the assessment of the distribution structural component of equity premium payroll for several categories of workers with fundamental differences in productivity. Methods. A new method of modeling and rationalize the equity structure of the funding of the bonus pool workers of different categories using the minimax criterion of quality. Apply methods of cluster analysis, in particular, the grouping method and the normalization clusterizing data. Provides step-by-step algorithm of recommended actions to rationalize premium payments. Results. A new mathematically grounded approach to the rationalization of the bonus Fund, which allows to consider both the psychological characteristics of decision-makers employer and the rationalistic position by applying as estimated negative for groups bonuses not only traditional indicators of labor, but also individual characteristics, endurance, productivity, new ideas. Also have the option of structuring costs in the analysis groups «superior – subordinate» given increased responsibility first. Conclusion. Developed a new approach that allows for the rationalization of premium payments in any enterprise, especially relevant for enterprises, where workers receive wages as percentage of revenue, and differentiate rates for various categories of employees is quite difficult

The Model of Determining the Royalty Rate when Using Natural Resources

Introduction. The article reveals the essence of the concept of «royalty», the analysis of existing methods of assessing royalties are their advantages and disadvantages. Since the method of determining the royalty rate, its objectivity and independence play a big role in the whole process of nature, as an instrument of change in the yield of the process. All this determines the relevance of the conducted research. Author of the problem complexity, the lack of input information, as well as large errors in the results of classical methods of assessment royalty rate, is proposed to solve it through the use of fuzzy inference. The aim of the article is theoretical development and practical implementation of the model estimating the royalty rate under the valuation of intellectual property in the use of natural resources. Methodology. The author builds a fuzzy model of the determination of royalty rates with a similar justification of the choice of linguistic variables based on correlation and regression analysis and the method of analysis of hierarchies. Also the author of the substantiation of the method of constructing a database of control rules. Result. The result of the practical application of the model developed by authors is presented in the example of determining the royalty rate in the extraction of raw materials in the construction industry (its size was 6,9%). This example serves as a basis for determining the error model, which is 13,8% (classic models are error 25–30%). Conclusion. It is shown that the use of fuzzy model allows more accurate (with no scope) to determine the royalty rate for a specific license agreements. The author emphasizes that the presented model is part of the model for evaluating intellectual property rights in the use of natural resources. Such models are used when evaluating cost approach and serve as a basis for determination of charges for use of natural resources (particularly fossil fuels), and damages arising during operation.

Formation of Cross-functional Logistics Coordination Through the Use of the Principles of System Analysis

Introduction. The main task of cross-functional and interorganizational logistics coordination in the implementation of flow control is to reduce the time required to perform the full logistics cycle. The emergence of the lack of coordination in the implementation of cross-functional and inter-organizational logistics coordination leads to violation of terms of delivery and increase downtime. The reason for this lies in the lack of elaboration of theoretical and practical issues of coordination of actions of participants of logistic processes as at the enterprise level (cross-functional level) and at the level of the supply chain (inter-organizational level). The article presents the guidelines for the implementation of the design and functioning of cross-functional and inter-organizational logistics coordination, based on a differentiated approach to the analysis of the logistics system of the global economy. Empirical analysis. The process of constructing the model coordinate the flow of logistics system of the global economy is based on the delimitation of monitoring processes, goals, objectives, coordination activities on three levels: the macro-level (Macro-HP/country), meso-level (meso-HP/supply chain), the micro-level (Micro-HP/ enterprise). Discussion of results. The result developed by the authors of guidelines is to provide flow control using a model of logistic system of the global economy, reducing the time required to carry out coordination activities on cross-functional, and the inter-organizational levels.

Key Strategies for Retail Chains Today

Introduction. At present, the functioning of the Russian trade networks that implement food products, significantly complicated by the negative impact of the food embargo, inflation and the weake- ning of the ruble. Changing environmental factors and increased competition in the food market have a significant impact on the previously established logistics system of goods retail chains, which will require substantial transformation. Empirical analysis. The article discusses possible strategies for the development of retail chains and features of management at this stage in order to overcome the situation. In the coming years, large retail chains will reduce costs by optimizing the assortment and logistics, actively cooperate with new suppliers, to develop the format «shop at home» and «Express-Retail», continuing to open new stores at the free trade area, to develop their own production. For smaller retail chains most preferred strategy is to integrate. Results. Integration of small retail chains at the present stage is one of the most profitable strategies that will produce the transformation of logistics systems and supply chains in order to optimize them according to the selected format and minimizing costs, reorganize infrastructure and retail outlets, adjust range retail outlets, significantly reduce the proportion of imported products, they find an alternative replacement and rebuild relationships with suppliers and reduce the cost of managing a sales network due to its centralization.

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