Management

Target Indicators as a Tool in the Management of Social and Economic Development

Introduction. The effectiveness of management activities and the successful achievement of the major objectives of social and economic development are highly dependent on competent analysis and evaluation, planning future actions. Methodology. The complex target indicators, the use of which is essential in the formation of social and economic development, formed as a result of scientific work. The complex includes: the growth rate of gross domestic product (GDP), unemployment, inflation, volume of net exports in GDP, the share of investment in fixed assets in GDP, the effectiveness of cost in technological innovation. Comprehensive assessment and correlation analysis of information on these indicators performed. Theoretical analysis. The need for the proposed system of indicators that serve as important indicators of the state and economic development is founded. The concept of «target indicators» suggested that it had not been formulated in economics. Model target indicators, allowing to define the dynamics of the extensive and intensive economic growth and the impact on the level of automation has to offer. Methods of calculating indicators for the proposed model is formed and calculations are presented. Conclusion. The results of the present work allow multifactorial determine the relationship and interdependence of the main macroeconomic indicators of economic development, to carry out their forecasts further values. It is possible to trace the main development trends of the economy of the presented model.

Methods and Forms of Investment Innovation at the Meso Level

The urgent need for the formation of national innovative
system of the Russian Federation actualizes the problem
of building innovative systems of meso-economic level, the solution
is impossible without determining the most effective forms and methods of investing in the innovative development of the
regions, bringing the required volumes of investment resources
at the right time. For this it is necessary to accurately determine
the terminology, to reveal the economic substance of the studied
concepts to conduct data classification. Theoretical analysis.
Analysis of scientific literature dedicated to investments in innovative
activities, showed that to date there is no single representation
and interpretation of the concept «form of investment and
innovative activity», missing their full classification in conjunction
with the methods of investment. Methods. The article presents
schematically disclosed the author’s interpretation of the «form of
investment and innovative activity of meso-economic systems»,
shows its relationship with the methods and means of investing in
innovation at the meso level. Results. The refined and expanded
the classification of forms and methods of investment in innovation
at the meso level with consideration of the peculiarities of the
latter. Conclusions. Presents the systematization allows more
balneo to reveal the economic substance of the forms and methods
of investment innovation at the meso level and to determine the
directions of their development.

Based on the Mechanism of Integrated Logistics Support System of Services in the Cultural Industries

Integrated logistics support system of production of the
cultural industries as a complex high-tech products is an informational
and organizational support lifecycle services culture. Theoretical
analysis. The article describes the structure of cultural industries in
relation to the modern Russian economic situation. We consider the elements, stages, structure of integrated support cultural industries,
which is realized through the formation of information-analytical database
of cultural industries through the use of integrated service centers.
Results. The embodiment of this algorithm will improve the efficiency
of public and private investment funds in the cultural industries, the
quality, stability and competitiveness of paid and free services culture.

Control of Passengers in Commuter Train: the Intensity and Interest Coverage

Solving the problem of building cash activity on
commuter trains, which will provide a high level of coverage of
passengers on all trains route, can be considered from the point of
view of productivity of supervisors. Passengers trains represent the
requirements for service on the part of supervisors. They come in a
railroad train at stops and leave the train, serving their supervisors
or not. This process is convenient to describe position of queueing
theory. Theoretical analysis. Discusses achieving full payment
for the carriage of passengers, with different levels of coverage. An
analysis on suburban passenger rail, cash flows pay their passage,and monitoring to ensure the collection of tolls from the stowaways.
Results. Accepted passengers not uniform along the length of the
route. The vast majority of passengers should be on small distances
and mainly around major stations, generating and absorbing the
flows of passengers. Time to move trains on this site not long lasting.
Ensuring continuous monitoring of passengers transported in
commuter trains may subject local tactics maneuvering strength
of controlling group focus on filling the carriages and the intensity
of the rotation process passengers.

Managerial Aspect in Activity of Pharmaceutical Companies

The article explains the use of the project approach in
the management of innovative activity of pharmaceutical companies
and determining the cost-effectiveness of investments in innovation
activities of pharmaceutical companies. Theoretical analysis. The
activity of pharmaceutical companies is increasingly taking the form
of projects. This is primarily due to the necessity of standardization
the most important aspects of corporate management activities of
pharmaceutical companies. In the conditions of high competitive
environment in order to ensure the survival of the pharmaceutical
enterprises in these conditions, it is necessary to realize the innovation
activity under condition of using the system of innovation project
management. The necessity of creating the system of innovation
project management at pharmaceutical manufactory is specify of
development of pharmaceutical market, which needs in fast response.
That’s why in order to achieve the effectiveness of using resources,
observance of time of implementation of management decisions
necessary to ensure optimum interaction processes (or all activities)
under the conditions of each project. According to the author, in the
project management system, it is expedient to introduce evaluation
of innovative projects based on the concept of real options. Results.
Revealed the value of real options approach with a high degree of
uncertainty in terms of functioning of the company and the possibility
of managerial influence on it. It is appeared the possibility and right
to change strategy

Functional Model and Improve Management of Effectiveness Evaluation of Industrial Organization in a Competitive Environment

Assessment of the effectiveness of management is
required to use its results in the course of the subsequent impact
on the current status and development trends of industrial organization,
the extent and vectors of organizational change, identify the
most important factors of growth, detection and coordinate poorly
controlled processes. Theoretical analysis. The article discusses
the procedure for evaluating the effectiveness of social and economic
system of industrial organization that requires coordination management
indicators with indicators of the efficiency of the organization.
Shows which factors determine the effectiveness of the proposed
model. Results. The article suggests a functional model and improve
management effectiveness evaluation of industrial organization, which
includes competitive strategy, strategic resources, the system of
interaction with consumers and environmental factors involved in
business processes. This model was tested on the example of the
four major bakeries in Saratov region

КОНТРОЛЬ ПАССАЖИРОВ В ЭЛЕКТРИЧКЕ: ИНТЕНСИВНОСТЬ И ПРОЦЕНТ ОХВАТА

Решение задачи построения контрольно-кассовой деятельности на пригородных поездах, которая обеспечит высокий уровень охвата пассажиров на всем маршруте движения поезда, можно рассмотреть с точки зрения производительности труда контролеров. Пассажиры электропоезда представляют собой требования на обслуживание со стороны контролеров. Они поступают в вагоны поезда на остановках и покидают поезд независимо от того, обслужили их контролеры или нет. Этот процесс удобно описать с позиции теории массового обслуживания. Теоретический анализ. Обсуждается вопрос достижения полной платы за перевозку пассажиров при разных уровнях охвата их контролем. Приводится анализ пассажиропотоков на пригородных железнодорожных перевозках, денежных потоков оплаты проезда и контроля для обеспечения сбора платы за проезд с безбилетных пассажиров. Результаты. Обслуживаемый пассажиропоток неравномерен по длине маршрута. Подавляющая часть пассажиров следует на небольшие расстояния и в основном в окрестностях крупных станций, генерирующих и поглощающих потоки пассажиров. Время продвижения поезда по этому участку непродолжительно. Обеспечение сплошного контроля пассажиров пригородных поездов возможно при условии применения локальной тактики маневрирования численностью контролирующей группы, которая сориентирована на наполнение вагонов и на интенсивность процесса ротации пассажиров.

The Improvement of Operational Planning Activities of Instrument-making Enterprise on the Basis of the Mathematical Interpretation of its Dynamics

Despite the fact that the methodology of operational
planning of industrial activities is a widely known and proven, there
remains the problem of choosing the optimal length of the planning
period, taking into account the system of factors affecting the activity
of the enterprise. In article the author’s approach to the determination
of the planning period, based on the mathematical interpretation of
the dynamics of production and economic activity of the enterprise.
Theoretical analysis. In control theory (technical devices and systems)
distinguish types of movement: self (movement in the absence
of external influences arising from the internal properties of devices
and systems and perturbations of the initial conditions) and involuntary
(movement caused by external influences). Methods. In article the
objective of the study, mainly native speakers of instrument-making
enterprice based on real data of its work. Discusses two quarters:
4th quarter of 2013 and 1st quarter of 2014. Taken into account that
changes in plans are staggered in the beginning of each month for
the previous results, and the end of the month they and other conditions
of work of instrument-making enterprice does not change. Thus
entered speed feedback in the control of production and thus speed
effects on production are payable only at the beginning of the month
and then does not change until the beginning of the next. Results. In
summary, a correlation between almost produced products and their
sense of their difference –Δx) characterized non-harmonic oscillatory
process irregularity Δx of the work. Experimental graphics Δx
described mathematically, are computer simulations showing close
values of the estimated and actual processes on the uneven production
Δx. Conclusions. Theproposed approach has allowed us to
construct a simple algorithm for predicting the release of products,
as well as a simple control algorithm of instrument-making enterprice
work, allowing to reduce 2–3 times the oscillatory component of the
non-uniformity of the manufactured products

The Influence of Fuel and Energy Complex on the Competitiveness of the Russian Economy

Introduction. In the modern realities of improving competitiveness is one of the primary tasks of the state. Further development of our economy involves the use and improving the efficiency of the leading industries. Primarily, this includes fuel-energy complex (FEC), which was and remains the foundation of the national economy. Theoretical analysis. Analysis of the research is based on the theoretical frame- work developed by Russian and foreign scientists, to show the necessity of development of fuel and energy and its effect on increasing the competitiveness of the Russian economy. Results of the study. Was shown to influence the dynamics of the complex on the economy, a significant share in exports and tax revenues, as well as a share of GDP showed an increasing dependence of the development of the country and its competitiveness from the complex. Conclusions. There are many ways to increase the country’s competitiveness, but at the moment exploitation FEC sectors is one of the most efficient and effective. Undoubtedly, the depletion can lead to rapid displacement of the industry in the economic hierarchy, but it speaks only of the fact that the need to increase investment and the creation of innovative enterprises in the complex. In general, should not be a direct relationship to the development of the competitiveness of the country’s one industry.

The Introduction of Indirect Methods of the Determinin the Tax Liabilities as the Direction of Improving the Efficiency of Tax Control Sysnem of Individual Income

Introduction. High rates of tax evasion on income of individuals requires the state to find new, more effective forms and methods of tax revenue control individuals. One of the ways to increase the efficiency of state control over taxation of citizens may be the introduction of indirect methods for the determination of tax liabilities. Theoretical analysis. In world practice of control of taxpayers methods of assessment of costs, cash flows and property are actively used to determine the tax liabilities of individuals, which are not engaged in entrepreneurial activities. The article describes the experience of countries near and far abroad in this field. Discussion of Results. The result of the analysis carried out in the article was to develop the recommendations for the phased implementation the indirect methods of assessment of tax liabilities of individuals in the Russian tax legislation.

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