Entity and Negative Role of Freeriding

Introduction. The problem of freerides in the economy is being addressed. The example of passenger transport shows the negative impact and the limits of its development. The freerides problem is reflected both for the business that is providing the service and for bona fide users in the form of additional charges for servicing the freerides. Theoretical analysis. The freerides in various branches of the economy have been reviewed and summarized. Free services for natural persons, as exemplified by passenger transport, have been separately allocated. Description of the research object. The orientation of the control services to achieve full payment by all passengers for their journey in the electric train. In order to achieve full fare charges, the control of passengers in the electric train is considered at the interstation line of the road to be complete and continuous during the entire time of the train’s journey. The problem of finding an effective option for the provision of electric trains by supervisor’s staff is described. The solution to the empirical task. The task of optimizing the cost of maintaining the supervisors state by paying for travel on the train with different options for travel is being pursued. Results of the study. The phenomenon of freerides is not attributed to a negative phenomenon. The overall purpose of law enforcement is not to “eradicate” crime, but to “contain it at the optimum level”. The psychological aspect of the phenomenon, the systemic characteristics of the society also depend on the level of coverage of its freerides, which should be optimal for it as well. The systemic integrity of a society must be separated from the unsystemal state of the social community, but at the same time should not disrupt the production and targeting of a society. The second structural integrity must prevail over the first.

Theoretical Foundations of Research of Institutional Regulation of the Competitiveness of the Organization

Introduction. In domestic and foreign science, the ideas and concepts of state and market regulation of the competitiveness of the organization have received wide coverage, but the institutional aspect of regulation is still debatable today. In particular, the formulation of the theoretical and methodological base and the conceptual apparatus has not yet been completed. This, of course, complicates the research tasks, but at the same time makes them highly relevant and promising. Theoretical analysis. The article shows the peculiarity of the methodology of the institutional approach in the study of the regulation of the competitiveness of the organization, examines the different points of view available in economic science, the definition of categories “institution”, “institutional regulation”. Results. The concept of “institute” is clarified, author’s interpretation of the concept of “institutional regulation of the competitiveness of the organization” is given, the mechanisms for establishing new institutions is analyzed, an algorithm for the evolution of the influence of institutional changes on the competitiveness of an organization is developed.

The Role of University Enduments in Financing Innovation Projects of Public Private Partnership

Introduction. The lack of financial support in the sphere of higher education, the acute need of the real sector of the economy in highly qualified personnel create the need to attract targeted capital for investment in the education sector. Theoretical analysis. One of the tools for implementing public-private partnership in the sphere of education is the endowment funds – endowments. The advantages of creating endowments include legal and systematic attraction of investment resources, the possibility of planning the development and implementation of projects, attracting professionals to the management of incomes, transparency of spending. The endowment fund is not only an additional source of income, but also an indicator of the competitiveness of universities. Empirical analysis. The analysis of the experience of functioning of endowment funds made it possible to determine their main characteristics, the factors of successful functioning in Russia and the direction of development of financing education through endowment funds. Results. The conducted research has shown that the macroeconomic significance of their activities is significant. Endowment funds as institutional investors can become a significant resource for investing innovative projects in Russia through the use of public-private partnership mechanisms and project finance with the state shoulder. The formation of regional “points of growth” on the basis of endowments and the subsequent multiplier effect for regional and national economies is one of the most important macroeconomic problems.

To the Question of Assessing the Market Value of Companies in Modern Conditions

Introduction. During the existence and development of the stock market has undergone a number of changes, with the result that at present the dynamics of the real market value of the company in some cases different from the dynamics of the value of its shares. So the actual problem is the study of the reasons for the discrepancy between the expected value of the enterprise and the dynamics of its shares, hampering the inflow of investments into joint-stock companies via the exchange tools if used decision-making methods used in real investment. Theoretical analysis. Fundamental analysis of stocks involves the study of financial indicators of joint-stock companies, as well as evaluating observed worldwide macroeconomic events (market factors) that are not related to specific firms directly on the successful forecast the future value of the company’s shares most likely is not a professional economist, is able to assess the prospects of the company and the stock exchange speculator, who managed to successfully interpret news flow that is not associated with the work of these organizations directly. To neutralize the possible negative consequences of this assessment it is advisable to use the indicator economic value added (EVA) is one of the most closely associated with the creation of shareholder value. Results. Studies have confirmed that the market capitalization and stock exchange quotations in many cases affect not the fundamentals of individual firms and the market in General, reflected in the stock index. Each of the companies showed a marked positive correlation with stock market capitalization of the index, and only in rare cases, noted the relationship of the capitalization of the company with its unique performance (EVA).

To the Question of Competitiveness and Safety of AIC and Social Space of Rural Territories

Introduction. Providing of safety and competitiveness of Russian AIC and rural territories depends on steady development of social space. Theoretical analysis. The result of the research is the application of the new mechanisms of the strategic regulation and control. Empirical analysis. Strong asymmetry in the level of development of the AIC and rural territories of regions requires taking into account the specifics of spatial development and the corresponding concretization of management decisions to remove acute asymmetries. Results. It justifies a number of actions required for decisions in the framework of the concept of systemic change, social space AIC, his security and competitiveness of state agricultural policy. Measures are proposed to activate the factors of self-development of problem rural territories in the framework of the model of their polarized development. Proposed principles for developing a new agricultural policy. Тhe most important provision of security and the competitiveness of the social space of the AIC and rural territories is the achievement of social and territorial justice.

Corporate Accelerators as a Tool of “Open Innovations”

Introduction. The article examines corporate accelerators as one of the most important tools of “open innovation”. The purpose of the scientific article is to substantiate the emergence of such an important phenomenon in economic theory and practice as corporate accelerators. Theoretical analysis. The authors examine the process of retaining the competitive advantages of the company in the conditions of “open innovation”, when there is a tendency to reduce the development cycles and the period when new products are introduced onto the market. In a competitive environment, corporations can no longer rely solely on the results of their own research and development. The next step is to consider the corporate accelerator as one of the simplest and most accessible tools of “open innovation”. The corporate accelerator is the most optimal for the introduction of an integrated system of “open innovation” in the company. The key goals of creating corporate accelerators are presented. Results. It is concluded that the most successful in the world are corporate accelerators, which have formed an ecosystem around themselves, within the framework of which there is interaction with partner corporations, experts, mentors, graduates and other individuals and organizations. In Russia, it is necessary to create corporate accelerators.

Personnel Policy as a Tool of Control of Competitiveness of the Digital Company

Introduction. Negative influence of environmental factors in recent years has caused a significant decline in the competitiveness of banking organizations operating in the Russian market. In the conditions of limited resources of the external environment, banks have the opportunity to build up competitive forces mainly through the professional use of internal capacity. Theoretical analysis is based on the assumption that the personnel policy that serves as the foundation for the effective use of the human resource of the organization can become a source of formation of the bank’s competitive advantages. The effect of personnel policy on the competitiveness of the bank as an instrument for controlling its level is investigated. Empirical analysis is based on the development of a research methodology that is based on the assumption that the type of personnel policy has a positive impact on the performance indicators of personnel management, which in turn affect the formation of the bank’s competitiveness parameters. The methodology of the analysis involves the use of sociological and statistical methods. Approbation of the methodology was carried out using the example of JSC “Rosselkhozbank”. Results. Based on the results of the analysis, an econometric model is obtained that proves that personnel policy is an effective tool for controlling the bank’s competitiveness. Application of the model in practical activities will allow JSC “Rosselkhozbank” to rank the importance and necessity of improving the directions of the personnel policy depending on the effect on the resulting feature.


Введение. Современное развитие корпоративного управления в России характеризуется положительной динамикой. Наибольшие достижения соответствия Международной передовой практике корпоративного управления достигли такие компоненты корпоративного управления, как деятельность органов управления и раскрытие информации. А последний является самым развитым компонентом корпоративного управления в России в силу перманентного совершенствования требований законодательства. Но даже он не развивается без противоречий. Наряду с общими положительными тенденциями в повышении транспарентно- сти российских корпораций, в открытости отдельных компаний присутствует ряд частных недостатков, требующих устранения. Теоретический анализ. В статье систематизируются общие положительные тенденции в раскрытии информации российски- ми компаниями. С помощью балльного метода и метода бенч- маркинга осуществляется оценка соответствия рекомендациям Кодекса корпоративного управления информационной политики и годового отчета ПАО «ВымпелКом», относящегося к самой развитой отрасли России по открытости. Выявляется отсутствие системности в транспарентности данной компании. Результаты. Анализ качества информационной политики ПАО «ВымпелКом» позволил сформулировать предложения по совершенствованию раскрытия информации в данной компании: внедрение алгорит- ма создания годового отчета, размещение обращения руководства компании с заявлением темы отчета, совершенствование представления ключевых показателей эффективности, а также описание системы управления рисками в компании. Данные рекомендации могут иметь практическое применение и в других компаниях.


Введение. Эффективное функционирование рыночного хо- зяйства, т.е. беспрепятственная реализация его координирую- щей и инициирующей повышение эффективности производства способности, связано, в первую очередь, с развитием конку- ренции. Необходимость формирования конкурентной среды продиктована тем, что конкуренция создает определенные ус- ловия для экономической свободы потребителей, обеспечивая широкую гамму товаров различных производителей, реализуе- мых множеством торговых фирм, обусловливает приоритет по- требителя. Теоретический анализ. Основой теоретического анализа является рассмотрение состояние малого и средне- го бизнеса как базы конкурентных отношений в современной российской экономике. Результаты. Практика показывает, что малый и средний бизнес сосредоточен в определенных отрас- лях экономики, следовательно, и развитие конкурентных отно- шений происходит более активно именно в этих отраслях. Также малый бизнес – это институт, который обеспечивает занятость населения. По итогам опроса Аналитического центра при Пра- вительстве Российской Федерации, состояние конкуренции на российских рынках может быть оценено как умеренное: 48% участников опроса указали на высокую или очень высокую кон- куренцию для их бизнеса. Наиболее остро проблема ужесто- чения конкуренции наблюдается у предпринимателей, занятых в сфере торговли, а также в сфере транспортных услуг, строи- тельства и недвижимости. Нематериальная сфера услуг тоже остается сферой развития малого и среднего бизнеса страны. Выводы. Развитие всех видов малого и среднего бизнеса на сегодня пока невозможно без активного участия государства в данном процессе. За последние годы произошло сокраще- ние финансирования (в 2015 г. – 18,5 млрд руб., в 2016 г. – 12,3 млрд руб.), что привело к ослаблению конкуренции на вну- трироссийском рынке и увеличению монопольных тенденций. 


Введение. Социально-экономическое развитие современной России возможно только благодаря реализации идеи само- развития регионов на основе эффективного использования их экономического потенциала. Исследование данной проблемы – это поиск наиболее действенных способов гармонизации экономических, финансовых отношений, поиск способов преодоления финансово-экономического кризиса в регионах России и выхода на траекторию экономического роста. Теоретический анализ. В статье акцентируется, что саморазвитие регионов способствует активизации использования их экономическо- го потенциала, получения ими необходимых экономических и финансовых ресурсов, созданию условий для перевода регио- нальной экономики в режим финансового самообеспечения на основе лучшего использования имеющихся в распоряжении ресурсов. Обосновывается, что некоторые регионы имеют объективные преимущества в реализации концепции саморазвития благодаря таким условиям, как природа, климат, географическое положение, отраслевая структура, реализация важных го- сударственных программ на их территории и т.д. В то же время доказывается, что не каждый регион обладает способностью к саморазвитию, не важно каким экономическим потенциалом он обладает. Результаты. Данное исследование дает возможность оценить складывающийся процесс саморазвития регионов с учетом использования их экономического потенциала.