Cite this article as:

Яшин А. В. To the Question of Criminal and Legal Policy Efficiency in the Sphere of the Crime Prevention Against Criminal Legal Proceeding Participants . Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Economics. Management. Law, 2015, vol. 15, iss. 1, pp. 105-? DOI: https://doi.org/?


Heading: 

To the Question of Criminal and Legal Policy Efficiency in the Sphere of the Crime Prevention Against Criminal Legal Proceeding Participants

Introduction. In the Russian Federation the criminal and legal policy in the sphere of protection of criminal legal proceeding participants against criminal encroachments is ineffective. This circumstance leads not only to serious obstacles in justice implementation, but also to direct threat of the personality. One of prevention means of the considered crimes is their criminal legal protection. Nevertheless, the criminal law does not regulate protection of all criminal legal proceedings participants and that is the essential gap in the criminal legislation. Methods. In this work the methods of the criminal legal regulations analysis and sociological poll of more than 1300 paticipants of criminal legal proceedings were applied. Results. The results of research shows that it is necessary to carry out criminal legal protection of the criminal trial participants who aren’t included in the articles of the Criminal Code of the Russian Federation such as private accuser, witness, head of investigative body, chief of division of inquiry. Besides, it is necessary to optimize criminal legal regulations that order the protection of other participants of criminal trial. Conclusion. Based on the received results of research, it offers to enter additions into some articles of the Criminal code of the Russian Federation.

References: 

1. Vinokurov S. I. Ugolovnaya politika i prava poterpe- vshego v svete Konstitutsii Rossiyskoy Federatsii: ot declaratsii k spravedlivosti [Criminal policy and the rights of the victim in the light of the Constitution of the Russian Federation: from declarations to justice]. Rossiyskiy sledovatel’ [Russian investigator], 2014, no. 3, pp. 54–57.
2. List F. Zadachi ugolovnoy politiki. Prestuplenie kak sostialno-patologicheskoye yavlenie. Sostavlenie i pre- dislovie V. S. Ovchinskogo [Problems of criminal policy. Crime as social and pathological phenomenon. Making and preface of V. S. Ovchinskiy]. Мoscow, INFRA-М, 2004. 110 p.
3. Downes D., Morgan R. No Turning Back: The Politics of Law and Order into the Millennium. The Oxford Hand- book of Criminology. Ed. by M. Maguire et al. Oxford, Clarendon Press, 2007, pp. 201–240.
4. Pomorsky S. Reflections on the First Criminal Code of Post-Communist Russia. American Journal of Compara- tive Law, 1998, no. 46, pt. 2, pp. 375–393.
5. Politshuk D. A. К voprosu ob osnovopolagayutshih ideyah sovremennoy ugolovnoy politiki [To a ques- tion of fundamental ideas of modern criminal policy]. Rossiyskaya yustitsiya [Russian justice], 2013, no. 5, pp. 45–49.
6. Kurs rossiyskogo ugolovnogo prava. Obtshaya chast. Pod regaktsiey V. N. Kudryavsteva, A. V. Naumova [Course of the Russian criminal law. General part. Ed. by
C. N. Kudryavtsev, A. C. Naumov]. Moscow, Spark, 2001. 767 p.
7. Ugolovnyi kodeks Rossiiskoi Federatsii ot 13 iiunia 1996 goda № 63-FZ (v redaktsii Federal’nogo zakona ot 31 dekabria 2014 goda № 532-FZ) [The Criminal Code of the Russian Federation from June 13, 1996 № 63-FZ (as amended by Federal Law from 31 December 2014,

№ 532-FZ)]. Sobranie zakonodatel’stva RF [Collection of Laws of the Russian Federation], 1996, no. 25, article 2954; Rossijskaya gazeta [Russian newspaper], 2015,
12 January.
8. Ugolovno-protsessual’nyi kodeks Rossiiskoy Fede- ratsii ot 18 dekabria 2001 goda № 174 FZ (v redaktsii Federal’nogo zakona ot 31 dekabria 2014 goda № 532- FZ) [Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federa- tion from December 18, 2001, № 174 FZ (as amended 31 December 2014 № 532-FZ)]. Sobranie zakonodatel’stva RF [Collection of Laws of the Russian Federation], 2001, no. 52, article 4921; Rossijskaya gazeta [Russian news- paper], 2015, 12 January.
9. O vnesenii izmenenii v Ugolovno-protsessual’nyi kodeks Rossiiskoy Federatsii i Federal’niy zakon «O prokurature Rossiiskoy Federatsii»: federal’nyi zakon Rossiiskoy Federatsii ot 5 iiunia 2007 g. № 87-FZ [On Amendments to the Criminal Procedure Code of the Russian Federation and the Federal Law «On the Procuracy of the Russian Federation. Federal law from June 5, 2007, № 87-FZ]. Sobranie zakonodatel’stva RF [Collection of Laws of the Russian Federation], 2007, no. 24, article 2800.
10. O vnesenii izmenenii v Ugolovno-protsessual’niy kodeks Rossiiskoy Federatsii: federal’niy zakon ot 6 iunia 2007 g. № 90-FZ [On Amendments to the Criminal Pro- cedure Code of the Russian Federation. Federal law from June 6, 2007, № 90-FZ]. Sobranie zakonodatel’stva RF [Collection of Laws of the Russian Federation], 2007, no. 24, article 2833.
11. Chuchaev A. I., Dvoryanskov I. V. Falsifikatsiya do- kazatelstv [Falsification of proofs]. Ugolovnoye pravo [Criminal law], 2001, no. 2, pp. 46–47.
12. Spektor A. L. Falsifikatsiya dokazatelstv kak prestup- leniye protiv pravosudiya [Falsification of proofs as a crime against justice]. Izvestiya vuzov. Severo-Kavkazskiy region. Spetsvypusk [News of higher educational institu- tions. North Caucasus region. Special issue]. Rostov on Don, 2005, pp. 53–58.

Full Text (PDF): 
Status: 
опубликована
Short Text (PDF):