Cite this article as:

Tsypin A. P. The Statistical Analysis of Differentiation of The Post-Soviet Countries During Transformation of Economy. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Economics. Management. Law, 2018, vol. 18, iss. 3, pp. 298-? DOI:


The Statistical Analysis of Differentiation of The Post-Soviet Countries During Transformation of Economy

Introduction. Process of transition of fifteen countries of ex-member of the USSR from planned economy to market, was followed by basic changes in political, economic and social life of society. Various approaches to the undertaken reforms, and opposite strategic objectives, cause the distinctions of economies of the Post-Soviet countries observed now. Theoretical analysis. Works of many domestic scientists are devoted to a problem of the analysis of results of the period of transition of the Post-Soviet countries to market economy, they divide set of the Post-Soviet countries on the basis of various grouping signs, but along with advantages of these researches it is necessary to point to one essential shortcoming contributing a subjectivity share in the received results, it is high-quality approach to formation of groups. It causes need of application of quantitative approach and first of all multidimensional group. Empirical analysis. As a result of application to fifteen Post-Soviet countries of multidimensional group (more precisely than the cluster analysis) it has been established that in entire four reference periods (1991, 1999, 2009, 2015) three groups are allocated, at the same time in the last three periods a ratio and fullness of groups it is identical that points to stabilization of set. The first group had included the countries with impressive natural and human resources, the second the republics which have changed polarity from Russia with the European Union, the USA and China. The third group is formed by the Baltic States which were a part of the European Union and at the expense of it have considerably increased a separation from other Post-Soviet countries that is substantially shown in such indicator as GDP per capita. Conclution. Quarter of the century of development of the Post-Soviet countries out of the Soviet Union was led to their considerable deformation on the level of political and social and economic development. The republics which had good positions on the natural and human capital at the beginning of transition that it has allowed them to be integrated into global economy have achieved considerable progress. The Baltic States which were a part of the European Union and substantially, the improved macroeconomic indicators are also obviously allocated.


1. Prazauskas A. A. Commonwealth of Independent States as post-colonial space. Nezavisimaya gazeta [Independent newspaper], 1992, 7 February (in Russian).

2. Avdeeva E. S., Varapaeva V. V. Russia and countries of the former Soviet Union: a condition of economies and the foreign trade communications in 2013. Vestnik Povolzhskogo instituta upravleniya [Bulletin of the Volga Region Institute of Administration], 2014, no. 6 (45), pp. 24–33 (in Russian).

3. Vardomskiy L. B., etc. Sotsial’no-ekonomicheskoe razvitie postsovetskikh stran: itogi dvadtsatiletiya [Social and economic development of the Post-Soviet countries: twentieth anniversary results]. Moscow: Institute of Economics RAS Publ., 2012. 400 p. (in Russian).

4. Vorotnikov V. V. 25 years of independence of the states of the Baltic: from Soviet to the European Union. Kontury global’nykh transformatsiy: politika, ekonomika, pravo [Contours of global transformations: policy, economy, right], 2016, vol. 9, no. 5 (50), pp. 7–23. DOI: 10.23932/2542-0240-2016-9-5-7-23 (in Russian).

5. Gerasimova R. G. Countries of the former Soviet Union : 20 years on the way of transformation (some results). Sovremennaya Evropa [Modern Europe], 2011, no. 1 (45), pp. 47–56 (in Russian).

6. Egorov V. G. Former Soviet Union as subject of scientifi c judgment. Obozrevatel’ – OBSERVER, 2011, no. 9 (260), pp. 48–59 (in Russian).

7. Petrov A. V. Strany postsovetskogo prostranstva [Countries of the former Soviet Union]. Irkutsk: Irkutsk State University Publ., 2012. 172 p. (in Russian).

8. Starkov R. F. Analysis of development of economy of Post-Soviet Russia. Vestnik Irkutskogo gosudarstvennogo tekhnicheskogo universiteta [Proceedings of Irkutsk State Technical University], 2013, no. 12 (83), pp. 362–368 (in Russian).

9. Sharipov M. M. Some theoretical aspects of development of market economy in the countries of the former Soviet Union. Vestnik Belgorodskogo universiteta kooperatsii, ekonomiki i prava [Herald of the Belgorod University of Cooperation, Economics and Law], 2009, no. 2, pp. 193–202 (in Russian).

10. Tsypin A. P., Faizova L. R. Statistical research of infl uence of factors on dynamics of macroeconomic indicators of ex-member of the Soviet Union. Azimut nauchnykh issledovaniy: ekonomika i upravlenie [Azimuth of scientifi c research: economy and management], 2017, vol. 6, no. 4 (21), pp. 259–263 (in Russian).

11. А world of information UNdata. Available at: (accessed 12 March 2018).

12. World Bank. Available at: (accessed 12 March 2018).

13. Tsypin A. P. Statisticheskiy analiz transformatsii ekonomiki Rossii [Statistical analysis of transformation of economy of Russia]. Diss. Cand. Sci. (Econ.). Orenburg, 2005. 199 p. (in Russian).

Full Text (PDF): 
Short Text (PDF):