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Kulikova S. А. Constitutional Prohibition of Censorship in Decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. Izv. Saratov Univ. (N. S.), Ser. Economics. Management. Law, 2018, vol. 18, iss. 3, pp. 330-? DOI: https://doi.org/10.18500/1994-2540-2018-18-3-330-337


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Constitutional Prohibition of Censorship in Decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation

Introduction. For a more thorough understanding of Part 5 Article 29 of the Constitution of the Russian Federation, it is necessary to take into account the positions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation on the content of the constitutional prohibition of censorship. Purpose. To carry out the systematization and generalization of the legal positions of the Constitutional Court on problems related to the implementation of the constitutional prohibition of censorship. Results. Decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation devoted to the correlation of the prohibition of censorshipand restrictions on freedom of the media are classified into three thematic groups: 1) censorship and restrictions on freedom of the media in order to protect morality, 2) censorship and protection of honour and dignity of the individual, 3) censorship and restrictions on the freedom of information dissemination provided by legislation on countering terrorism and extremism. The Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation states that restriction on freedom of speech, freedom of mass information should not lead to the loss of the factual content of these freedoms. This restriction should use not excessive, but only necessary measures. The explanations of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation of the criticism of political organizations, ideological and religious associations; of statements about the possibility of judgment and reasoning, using the facts of interethnic, interfaith or other social relations in scientific and political discussions and texts; of the need to distinguish the dissemination of information discrediting honor, dignity, business reputation from the discussion of the activities of politicians and officials, are aimed at preserving freedom of the mass media. Conclusions. Proposals are made to change the words of the dispositions of Article 3.1of the Federal Law dated July 25, 2002 No. 114 Federal Law “On Countering Extremist Activity” and Part 1 Article 152 of the Civil Code (Part One) of the Russian Federation dated November 30, 1994 No. 51 Federal Law, aimed at legislative consolidation of the positions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation.

References: 

1. The Constitution of the Russian Federation (adopted by the popular vote of 12.12.1993) (amended of 30.12.2008 No. 6-FKZ, of 30.12.2008 No. 7-FKZ, of 05.02.2014 No. 2-FKZ, of 21.07.2014 No. 11-FKZ). Sobranie zakonodatel’stva RF [Collection of Laws of the Russian Federation], 2014, no. 31, art. 4398 (in Russian).

2. Komkova G. N. Judicial constitutionalism and economic stability of the Russian state: ways of providing and protection. In: Sudebnaya sistema i grazhdanskoe obschestvo Rossii. K 150-letiyu sudebnoi reform [Judicial system and civil society of Russia. Towards the 150th anniversary of the Judicial Reform. Materials of the Int. sci. and pract. conf.]. Saratov, 2015, pp. 6–7 (in Russian).

3. Sychev V. B. Zaschita konstitutsionnogo printsipa nediskriminatsii Konstitutsionnym sudom RF [Protection of the constitutional principle of non-discrimination by the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation]. Diss. Cand. Sci. (Jur.). Penza, 2016. 33 р. (in Russian).

4. Resheniya Konstitutsionnogo suda Rossiiskoi Federatsii (Decisions of the Constitutional Court of the Russian Federation. Site). Available at: http://www.ksrf.ru/ru/Decision/Pages/default.aspx (accessed 29 April 2018) (in Russian).

5. The Civil Code of the Russian Federation. Federal law of 30.11.1994 No. 51-FZ (an edition of 23.05.2018). Sobranie zakonodatel’stva RF [Collection of Laws of the Russian Federation], 1994, no. 32, art. 3301; 2018, no. 22, art. 3040 (in Russian).

6. Byulleten’ Verkhovnogo Suda RF [Bulletin of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation], 2005, no. 4 (in Russian).

7. Byulleten’ Verkhovnogo Suda RF [Bulletin of the Supreme Court of the Russian Federation], 2011, no. 8; 2017, no. 1 (in Russian).

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